Ford EcoBoost engine
1.0 I-4 1.5 L 1.6 L 2.0 L Turbo & 2.3 2.7 L V-6
|Manufacturer||Ford Motor Company|
|Also called||TwinForce (obsolete) EcoBoost SCTi GTDi|
|Configuration||I-3, I-4 and 60° V6|
|Displacement||V6: 3496 cc (213 CID) I4 2.0: 1999 cc (122 CID) I4 1.6: 1596 cc (97 CID) I3 1.0: 995 cc (60.44 CID)|
|Cylinder bore||V6: 3.64 in (92.5 mm) I4 2.0: 3.4 in (87.5 mm) I4 1.6: 3.1 in (79.0 mm) I3 1.0: 2.83 in (71.9 mm)|
|Piston stroke||V6: 3.49 in (86.7 mm) I4 2.0: 3.27 in (83.1 mm) I4 1.6: 3.2 in (81.4 mm) I3 1.0: 3.2 in (82 mm)|
|Cylinder block alloy||Aluminum (Iron for I3)|
|Cylinder head alloy||Aluminum|
|Valvetrain||DOHC with Direct Acting Mechanical Buckets (DAMB) Variable camshaft timing|
|Compression ratio||V6: 10.0:1 I4 2.0: 10.0:1 I4 1.6: 10.0:1|
|Turbocharger||V6: Dual Honeywell-Garrett GT15 I4 2.0: Borg Warner K03 low inertia integrated turbo system I4 1.6: Borg Warner KP39 low inertia turbo|
|Management||V6: ? I4 2.0: Bosch MED17 with CAN-Bus and individual knock control I4 1.6: Bosch MED17 with CAN-Bus and individual cylinder knock control|
|Fuel type||Petrol direct injection|
|Dry weight||V6: 449 lbs (203 kg) I4 2.0: 328 lbs(149 kg) I4 1.6: 251 lbs (114 kg) I3 1.0: 213 lbs (97 kg)|
|Predecessor||Ford Duratec 35, Ford Duratec|
EcoBoost is a family of turbocharged, direct injected petrol engines produced by the Ford Motor Company and co-developed by FEV engineering.
Engines equipped with EcoBoost technology are designed to deliver power and torque consistent with larger engine displacement, naturally aspirated engines while achieving approximately 20% better fuel efficiency and 15% reduced greenhouse emissions than these same engines. Relative to the power output and fuel efficiency of hybrid and diesel technologies, Ford sees EcoBoost as an affordable and versatile alternative and intends to use it extensively in future vehicle applications.
Production: Global Family
EcoBoost petrol direct-injection turbocharged engine technology adds 125 patents and patent applications to Ford's 4,618 active and thousands of pending U.S. patents.
The V6 EcoBoost engines are being assembled at Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1 in Brook Park, Ohio. The 2.0 L I4 EcoBoost engines will be produced at the Ford Valencia Engine Plant in Spain in 2009. The 1.6 L I4 EcoBoost engines will be made at the Ford Bridgend Engine Plant in the United Kingdom. The future small displacement I3 EcoBoost engine will be produced both at the Ford Cologne Engine Plant in Germany and at Ford Romania.
By 2012, the company plans to produce 750,000 EcoBoost units annually in the US and 1.3 million globally in the world market. Ford expected over 90-percent of its global vehicle lineup (includes North American lineup) to offer EcoBoost engine technology by 2013. From the engines beginning, to November 2012, 500,000 Ford Ecoboost vehicles have been sold.
Volvo used the term PTDi (Petrol Turbocharged Direct injection) for the 1.6L I4 engine when introducing Volvo S60 Concep and for the 2.0L I4 engine when introducing Volvo XC60.
1.0 L EcoBoost I-3
Ford currently produces a 1.0-litre turbocharged in-line three cylinder engine for the EcoBoost family developed at Ford's Dunton Technical Centre in the UK. Production started in April 2012. The 1.0 comes initially in two versions: 74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp) and 88 to 92 kW (120 to 125 PS; 118 to 123 hp). The more powerful version delivers a maximum of 170 N·m (125 lb·ft) from 1,400–4,500 rpm and 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) on overboost, which makes for a broad torque curve when compared to a naturally aspirated gasoline engine . The engine block is cast iron instead of aluminum for up to 50% faster warm-up, at the expense of additional weight. Due to natural vibrations of a 3-cylinder design, the flywheel has been deliberately unbalanced to ensure smooth running, without the use of energy sapping balance shafts. The engine also features an internal timing belt, bathed in the engine oil, for long life and greater efficiency and reduced noise. The exhaust manifold is cast into the cylinder head, reducing warm up times and therefore further aiding efficiency. All this is packaged in an engine block the size of an A4 sheet of paper. With the introduction of face lifted 2013 Ford Fiesta, Ford introduced naturally aspirated version of 1.0 Fox engine. There are two versions producing 65 hp and 80 hp, both engines uses Direct Injection and Ti-VCT like turbocharged versions, start-stop technology is also available.
The engines are produced in Cologne, Germany and Craiova, Romania with production to later expand in Chongqing, China. Production is expected to be 700,000–1,500,000 units per year. The engine is available in Ford Focus, the Ford Focus-based C-MAX and Grand C-MAX, and the Fiesta-based B-Max. Ford has claimed it may be available in the future for the North American markets.
Ford has announced that the 1.0L Ecoboost engine will be available for the American market starting with the all-new 2014 Ford Fiesta Sedan and Hatchback. It was announced at the 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show, when the 2014 Fiesta was introduced.
- 2012— Ford Focus
- 2012— Ford C-Max
- 2012— Ford B-Max
- 2013— Ford Fiesta
- 2012— Ford Focus
- 2012— Ford C-Max
- 2012— Ford B-Max
- 2013— Ford Fiesta
- 2013— Ford Ecosport
- 2013— Ford Mondeo
There are two EcoBoost I4 engines in production. A 1.6L which replaces larger-displacement, naturally-aspirated I4 engines in Ford vehicles, and a 2.0L which replaces small-displacement, naturally-aspirated V6 engines. Both engines are turbocharged and direct injected. The production engine family was officially announced at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show.
1.5 L EcoBoost I-4
In April 2013, Ford announced it would expand the EcoBoost engine family with a 1.5-liter four-cylinder that was presented to the public at Auto Shanghai 2013. First, it came in the Chinese version of the new Ford Mondeo used, later it was available for the Ford Fusion in North America and also for the next Ford Mondeo generation and the Ford Focus in Europe.
This engine is the first Ford engine to reduce warm-up time with a clutch controlled by the engine control on the belt drive of the water pump . In addition, the intercooler is water-cooled, which also ensures more efficient thermal management of the engine. The engine block, unlike the 1.0-liter engine, made of aluminum, the gasoline direct injection with turbocharging, high injection pressures and a variable camshaft adjustment, it shares, however, with the other versions of the engine family.
The torque and power ratings are similar to the 1.6-liter engine but with lower fuel consumption and resulting CO 2 emissions. the engine are currently available in four levels with 88 kW (120 hp), 110 kW (150 hp), 118 kW (160 hp) and 134 kW (182 hp).
Production of the 1.5-liter engine has been taking place in Craiova since April 2013, but other production sites outside Europe will follow
Ford officially confirmed new EcoBoost engine. The 1.5 L version of 1.6 L EcoBoost engine. This engine will be used in new Ford Fusion and in other models later. It may also be used in the Ford Escape, Ford Transit Connect, Ford Focus and the Ford Fiesta.
1.6 L EcoBoost I-4
A 1.6 L version was first unveiled in the 2009 Lincoln C Concept. The engine is rated at 180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) and 180 lb·ft (244.0 N·m).
The European market version of the 1.6L has 150 hp (112 kW; 152 PS) although a 160 hp (119 kW; 162 PS) version is used in the Ford Mondeo.
The 1.6-liter EcoBoost engine is an evolution of the Zetec SE and is offered since autumn 2010. It is available in three output levels: 110 kW (150 hp), 118 kW (160 hp) and 134 kW (182 hp). The engine was first presented on the Lincoln C concept vehicle in January 2009.
Unlike the 1.0-liter EcoBoost engine, this engine is a lightweight, all-aluminum construction. The engine block is cast under high pressure and reaches through a central carrier system and a rigid sump a particularly resistant structure. The two overhead camshafts are driven by a toothed belt. The valve control is carried out via mechanical tappets, The piston rings have a low-friction coating, the surfaces of the cams are polished. As with the 1.0-liter version, the variable-capacity oil pump also works here, and the electronic engine management system regulates the coolant flow so that the engine reaches its optimum operating temperature more quickly.
The gasoline direct injection operates with an injection pressure of up to 200 bar, so that the drops of gas are atomized to a size of less than 0.02 millimeters. The injectors with 6-hole injectors are centrally located in the cylinder head and inject the fuel optimally into the combustion chamber. The denser and cooler fuel charge allows the engine to operate with higher compression and turbo boost pressure.
The Borg Warner turbochargers of the type KP 39, which is also a particularly low due to smaller and lighter moving parts inertia has reached speeds in excess of 200,000 min -1 and provides for an increase of the maximum torque by about 50 percent.
In addition, the variable adjustment of the two overhead camshafts (Ti-VCT) optimizes the gas exchange in the combustion chambers. The timing of the intake and exhaust valves can be adjusted independently of each other by up to 50 degrees, the actuation of the actuators is hydraulically. Here, the scavenging effect (translated: flushing) is exploited, the combustion chambers are thoroughly "flushed" during gas exchange by taking advantage of the pressure differences between inlet and outlet channels. At low engine speeds, more and cooler fresh air enters the cylinders, resulting in higher torque and faster turbocharger speed gain. Especially in the partial load rangeThus, the efficiency of the engine is significantly increased, causing a significant reduction in emissions.
The engines are at the Ford plant in Bridgend made and for the third-generation in North America Ford Escape available and in various Volvo models.
In addition, the 1.6-liter engines are used since the 2013 season in the Formula Ford , due to an adapted engine electronics make 147 kW (200 hp) there.
In Formula 4 , the 1.6-liter EcoBoost engine will be used in the 2015 national racing series in Australia , the UK and the Spanish Formula 4 Championship at the 2015 season . The engine prepared by Sodemo Moteurs produces 118 kW (160 hp) and was presented at the Geneva Motor Show 2015
The 1.6L Ecoboost engine is raced in the British Formula Ford Championship. The units have replaced the original N/A 1.6 Duratec units, which in turn replaced the 1.8L Zetec-engined cars. The engine has also been used for the past couple of seasons in the WRC in the Ford Fiesta.
Ford has recalled certain Ford Escapes equipped with this engine due to the potential for them to catch fire after overheating.
Type-Turbocharged, direct petrol injected inline four cylinder engine with Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing Displacement-1,596 cc (1.6 L; 97 cu in)
150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp)
- 2010— Ford C-MAX
- 2010— Ford Focus
- 2010— Volvo S60
- 2010— Volvo V60
- 2012— Volvo V40
160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp)
- 2011— Ford Mondeo
- 2011— Ford S-Max
- 2011— Ford Galaxy
185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp)
- 2010— Ford C-MAX
- 2013— Ford Fusion
- 2010— Volvo S60
- 2010— Volvo V60
- 2011— Ford Focus
- 2011— Volvo V70
- 2011— Volvo S80
- 2012— Volvo V40
- 2013— Ford Escape
- 2013— Ford Fiesta ST (Europe)
200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp)
- 2014— Ford Fiesta ST
2.0 L EcoBoost I-4 (TPBA)
A 2.0 L version was first seen in the 2008 Ford Explorer America Concept.The engine was rated at 275 hp (205 kW; 279 PS) and 280 lb·ft (380 N·m).
It is the first EcoBoost engine to include Twin-Independent Variable Cam Timing (Ti-VCT), with advertised 10–20% better fuel economy while maintaining the performance of 3.0-litre V6 engines.
Type-Turbocharged, direct petrol injected inline four cylinder engine with Twin independent Variable Camshaft Timing Displacement-1,999 cc (2 L; 122 cu in)
- 203 PS (149 kW; 200 hp) at 5500 rpm, 221 lb·ft (300 N·m) at 1750-4500 rpm
- 2010– Ford S-MAX
- 2010– Ford Galaxy
- 2010– Ford Mondeo
- 2010–2011 Volvo S60 2.0T
- 2010–2011 Volvo V60 2.0T
- 243 PS (179 kW; 240 hp) at 5500 rpm, 270 lb·ft (366 N·m) at 1750–4500 rpm
- 2010– Ford Mondeo
- 2011– Ford Explorer
- 2011– Ford Edge
- 2011– Land Rover Range Rover Evoque
- 2011– Ford S-MAX
- 2012– Ford Falcon
- 2013– Ford Escape
- 2013– Land Rover Freelander 2
- 2013– Ford Fusion
- 2013– Ford Taurus
- 2013- Jaguar XF
- 2013- Jaguar XJ
- 255 PS (188 kW; 252 hp) at 5500 rpm, 270 lb·ft (366 N·m) at 1750–4500 rpm
- 2013– Ford Focus ST
- 305 PS (224 kW; 301 hp) at ??? rpm, (??? N·m) at ??? rpm, Ford-RPE (Radical Performance Engines)
- 2011– Radical SR3 SL
2.3 L EcoBoost I-4
The 2015 Ford Mustang has an option of a 2.3 Ecoboost. The engine option is supposed to make more power, have better torque output and get better fuel economy than base V6 option.
- 289 PS (213 kW; 285 hp) at 5,600 rpm, 305 lb·ft (414 N·m) at 3,000 rpm
- 2015– Lincoln MKC
- 2015– Ford Mustang
2.7 L EcoBoost V-6
The 2015 Ford F-150 has the option of a 2.7 liter Ecoboost engine. It is supposed to deliver 320 hp (239kW) and 370 lb·ft (500 Nm).The engine is built at the Lima Ford Engine Plant.
3.5 L EcoBoost V-6
The first Ford Vehicle to feature this engine was the 2007 Lincoln MKR Concept under the name TwinForce. The engine was designed to deliver power and torque output equivalent to a typical 6.0 L or larger displacement V8 while achieving at least 15% better fuel efficiency and reduced greenhouse emissions. In the MKR the concept TwinForce engine was rated 415 hp (309 kW) and 400 lb·ft (542 N·m) of torque, as well as run on E85 fuel. When the same prototype engine reappeared in the Lincoln MKT concept in 2008 North American International Auto Show, the name was changed to EcoBoost. Official EcoBoost production began on May 19, 2009 at Ford's Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1.
The production engines use the Duratec 35 V6 engine block. The fuel charging and delivery systems can attain high fuel pressures of up to 2150 PSI, necessary for efficient operation of the direct fuel injection system. It uses two BorgWarner turbochargers which can spin at up to 170,000 rpm and provide 12 PSI of boost. The turbos are set up in a twin-turbo configuration. The engine can consume up to 25% more air over the naturally aspirated counterpart. Through the use of direct injection, the engine needs only regular-grade petrol to run, though premium fuel is recommended. The EcoBoost V6 was first available as an engine option for 2010 Lincoln MKS, followed by 2010 Ford Flex, 2010 Ford Taurus SHO, and 2010 Lincoln MKT. The fuel charging and delivery systems were co-developed with Robert Bosch GmbH.
In 2009 Ford modified an experimental 3.5 V6 EcoBoost engine with both E85 direct injection and petrol indirect fuel injection, which achieved a BMEP (brake mean effective pressure) of 395 psi (27 bar), which translates to approximately 553 pound-feet (750 N·m) of torque and 316 horsepower (236 kW)@3000 rpm (flat torque curve from 1500–3000 rpm).
- 355 hp (265 kW) @5700 rpm, 350 lb·ft (475 N·m) @3500 rpm
- 2010–2012 Ford Flex
- 2010–2012 Lincoln MKS
- 2010–2012 Lincoln MKT
- 365 hp (272 kW) @5500 rpm, 350 lb·ft (475 N·m) @1500-5000 rpm
- 2010– Ford Taurus SHO
- 2013- Police Interceptor Sedan
- 2013– Lincoln MKS
- 2013- Lincoln MKT
- 365 hp (272 kW) @5500 rpm, 350 lb·ft (475 N·m) @3500 rpm
- 2013– Ford Explorer Sport
- 2013– Ford Flex
- 2014- Ford Police Interceptor Utility
- 365 hp (272 kW) @5000 rpm, 420 lb·ft (569 N·m) @2500 rpm
- 2011–2014 Ford F-150
- 370 hp (276 kW) @5000 rpm, 430 lb·ft (583 N·m) @2500 rpm
- 2015- Ford Expedition/Expedition EL
- 2015- Lincoln Navigator/Navigator L
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