Ferrari F1/86 race car (1986)
Ferrari Tipo 032, 120 ° V6 Turbo
The Ferrari F1/86 was the Formula 1 racing car from Scuderia Ferrari, which was used in 1986 in the Formula 1 World Championship.
The Designer was the Briton Harvey Postlethwaite from Britain, who was responsible for the predecessor Ferrari 156/85. The F1 / 86 was based on the previous year's car and was revised only for the new season. The 156/85 was a fast car, but unreliable. In essence, the changes aimed at the reliability of the car.
Visible from the outside were the larger dimensions of the new vehicle and the modification of the bonnet, which enclosed the roll bar, which meant that the engine should be better cooled. The engine Tipo 032 was a further development of the engines used in previous years engines were detuned to around 850 bhp (634 kW; 862 PS) for races. Ferrari was the only team to use an engine with a cylinder bank angle of 120 °. This was considered the strongest aggregate of the 1986 season. As in the previous year, the driver pair consisted of the Italian Michele Alboreto and the Swede Stefan Johansson .1986 was also the last year for Ferraris 120° V6 turbo used by the team since 1981.
Compared to the previous season, the car was not only slower than the competition, but like its predecessor not reliable enough. Although Ferrari had the strongest engine, but could not take advantage of this in the fight for the World Cup. The engine suffered from too high temperatures. Enlarging the air intakes was not possible because it would have worsened the aerodynamics.
The biggest problem was the development of the car. The chassis and engine departments had their own engineering teams, but the chassis department always had to comply with the specifications of the engine. Thus, it was difficult to implement the engine power. Another serious problem was the cylinder bank angle of 120 °. The engine was thus very wide compared to the competition, so that the chassis was accordingly very wide. As a result, a new engine with a cylinder bank angle of 90 ° was constructed for the 1987 season.
Due to these problems Ferrari was not competitive in the 1986 season. It could not be achieved a pole position, a fastest lap or even a race win. For Ferrari it was the first winless season since 1980. Only 5 podiums - four third places by Stefan Johansson and a second place by Michele Alboreto were achieved. Ferrari finished the season in fourth place overall with 37 points.
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