VW Fastback Type 3 TL
1965 to 1973
1.6 litres air cooled
166.34 in, 4,225 mm
63.19 in, 1,605 mm
58.07 in, 1,475 mm
94.49 in, 2,400 mm
2,029 1b, 920 kg
The Type 3 TL (Touring Sedan) Fastback is a car model from Volkswagen built from 1965 to 1973.
The car was presented as VW 1500 at the 40th IAA in Frankfurt in September 7, 1961 to the VW trade organization followed in 1965 by the fastback variant.
The 1600 TL, which was presented in the summer of 1965, represents attempt by the German firm to re-absorb the recent negative fluctuation in the sales of the indomitable Beetle.
The VW Type 3 did not break with the pre-war concept of the VW Beetle. The wheelbase as well as the now outdated central tube frame instead of a self-supporting body were retained as well as the principle of the fan-cooled rear engine.
The model is technically a 1500, revised, corrected and with a different body and original lines. Even given, "fastback coupé" lines of the the name of 1600 TL do not echo this the design with lighter coachwork which has however, entailed no loss of space inside and no reduction in accessibility for passengers. The 1600 TL is the first model on which the Wolfsburg concern has mounted disc brakes as standard, on the front wheels. On the road this car is every bit a Volkswagen. There is, however, much less oversteer than on the earlier models and rolling on bends is greatly reduced the distribution of weight is 40.8% to front axle, and 59.2% at rear axle.
The engine, mounted as ever at the rear, has four horizontally opposed cylinders and is air-cooled with the fan placed horizontally. This arrangement has made it possible to provide a luggage locker above the engine as well to the main one under the bonnet. As is the case in all Volkswagens, maximum speed is also the cruising speed, this being made possible by keeping the maximum power at little over 4,000 rpm. Also, though the ratios are so well selected that good performance figures can be obtained even over varied types of roads. Another difference was the engine. The designated as a flat motor drive had in comparison to that of the beetle more displacement and a modified air cooling: The radial fan was flanged to the rear end of the crankshaft and "stopped" on the engine. The oil cooler was now installed horizontally and no longer hindered the cooling of the third cylinder (left front), which was prone to overheating in engines with standing fan box and could cause a serious engine damage. The flat engine was a bit longer, but with 40 cm height significantly lower, thus the TL the externally accessible rear trunk. For maintenance, the engine was reached through a flap in the boot floor. Later, there was another progressive aspect in the VW Type 3: From the end of 1967, the VW 1600 E was the first German production car with an electronic intake manifold injection (Bosch D-Jetronic).
- Engine capacity: 96.66 cu in, 1,584 cu cm
- Fuel consumption: 34 m/imp gal, 28.3 m/US gal
- Max speed: 83.9 mph, 135
- Max power (SAE): 65 hp at 4,600 rpm
- Max torque (SAE): 87 1b ft, 12 kg m at 2,800 rpm
- Max engine rpm: 5,400
- Specific power: 41 hp/l
- Power-weight ratio: 31.3 lb/hp, 14.2 kg/hp
- Acceleration: 0—50 mph (0—80 km/h) 12.5 sec
- Max speeds: 28.6 mph, 46 km/h in 1st gear; 52.8 mph, 85 km/h in 2nd gear; 68.3 mph, 110 km/h in 3rd gear; 83.9 mph, 135 km/h in 4th gear
The chassis is the usual box platform with central backbone running back into a fork on which the engine is mounted. The all-independent suspension
is typical of this make: twin longitudinal trailing arms and swinging semi-axles at the front and a swing-axle and transverse torsion bars for elasticity at the rear. The normal large wheels, unusual for a vehicle in this category, have no unpleasant effects on passenger comfort and they guarantee magnificent handling even over difficult terrain.
Much care has been taken in the planning of the interior and the imitation leather upholstery is elegant. The facia. which has anti-shine padding across
the top is boldly designed with three circular instruments in front of the driver: The clock: a tachometer and a petrol gauge which incorporates warning lights for
petrol and oil levels. There are only two pull-out knobs. one for the windscreen wipers and one for the lights.
- 09.1961 - The VW 1500 appears as a sedan and Variant (station wagon).
- 08.1963 - VW 1500 S with dual-gas engine and 54 hp, changes to turn signals and rear lights, "S" - models with chrome trim, VW 1500 renamed to 1500 N, "N" - models without chrome trim and with simpler features.
- 08.1965 - VW 1600 TL (T ouren- L imousine) with hatchback, a larger engine, footwell heating and a luggage compartment of 260 litres for 6690 DM factory, further renamed with 54 hp, 1500 N in 1500 A, with flat-flow carburettor and 45 hp, notchback sedan initially only available as a standard model. Introduction of disc brakes on the front axle, associated conversion to four-hole rims with a smaller bolt circle.
- 1966 - Electrical system in 12-volt version, notchback sedan with better equipment also as VW 1600 L available, since the 1600 TL with hatchback body not met with undivided approval. All models were now called VW 1600; the VW 1600 A with 45 hp still has a 1.5 litres engine.
- 1967 - Automatic model with modern semi-trailing arm rear axle. The 54-hp engine was also optionally available with Bosch intake manifold injection D-Jetronic. From August 1967 (model year 1968), the filler neck of the fuel tank as well as the beetle (type 1) can be reached via an external flap and not only after opening the front hood.
- 08.1969 as the 1600 - Optical revision of the body, wide bumpers, large front indicators and rear lights, different position of the plate at the TL. Omission of the rear swing axle; also, the manual transmission cars got the trailing arm suspension.
- 07.1973 - Production of the 1600 series is discontinued.
VW Type 3 TL Fastback Technical details and specifications (1965-1973)
4 stroke; cylinders: 4, horizontally opposed
bore and stroke: 3.37 x 2.72 in, 85.5 x 69 mm
engine capacity: 96.66 cu in, 1,584 cu cm
cylinder block: cast iron
cylinder head: light alloy
crankshaft bearings: 3
valves: 2 per cylinder,overhead, push-rods and rockers
camshafts: 1, central, lower
lubrication: gear pump, filter in sump, oil cooler
carburation: 2 Solex 32 PDSIT downdraught carburettors
fuel feed: mechanical pump
cooling system: air-cooled.
driving wheels: rear
clutch: single dry plate
gearbox: mechanical; gears: 4 + reverse
synchromesh gears: all
gearbox ratios: 1st 3.800,2nd 2.060, 3rd 1.320, 4th 0.890, rev 3.880
gear lever location: central
final drive: spiral bevel
axle ratio: 4.125.
backbone platform,rear auxiliary frame
front suspension: independent, twin swinging longitudinal trailing arms, transverse torsion bars, anti-rollbar, telescopic dampers
rear suspension: independent, swinging semi-axles,swinging longitudinal trailing arms, transverse torsion bars, telescopic dampers.
worm and roller, telescopic damper
turns of steering wheel lock to lock: 2.80.
turning circle (between walls): 36.4 ft, 11.1 m#
front disc (diameter 10.91 in, 277 mm), rear drum.
voltage: 6 V
battery: 77 Ah
generator type: dynamo, 200 W
ignition distributor: Bosch
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
wheel base: 94.49 in, 2,400 mm
front track: 51.57 in, 1,310 mm
rear track: 52.99 in, 1,346 mm
overall length: 166.34 in, 4,225 mm
overall width: 63.19 in, 1,605 mm
overall height: 58.07 in, 1,475 mm
ground clearance: 7.28 in, 185 mm
dry weight: 2,029 1b, 920 kg
distribution of weight: 40.8% front axle, 59.2% rear axle
Technical data comparison
1600, 1600 L, 1600 TL
1600 LE, 1600 TLE
flat-built four-cylinder four-stroke boxer rear engine; air-cooled; central camshaft; hanging valves operated via bumpers and rocker arms; Oil bath air filter; firing order 1-4-3-2
1584 cm 3
Bore × stroke
85.5 × 69 mm
Power at 1 / min
54 hp (40 kW) at 4000
Carburettor / Intake Manifold
Torque at 1 / min
110 Nm at 2200
Four-speed, fully synchronized, from 1967 also three-speed fully automatic
12 volts from 8/1966
All-metal construction bolted to platform frame with centre girder
Independent wheel suspension on longitudinal crankshaft, anti-roll bar, transverse torsion bar suspension, hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers
Brakes in front
Swing axle with trailing arms, transverse torsion bar and hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers, from 9/1967 automatic models with semi-trailing arm, from 8/1968 semi-trailing arm in series
6.00 × 15 (from 1967 on request 165 SR 15) to 4.5 J x15
Length × width × height
4225 × 1605 × 1475 mm (variant height = 1465 mm)
from 1969 4340 × 1605 × 1470 mm
135 km / h
135 km / h
© Motor car History
VW Type 3 TL Fastback Maintenance and Service Guide (1965-1973)
Fuel: 85 oct petrol
Engine sump oil: 4.40 imp pt, 5.28 US pt. 2.5 1, SAE 10W-30, change every 3,100 miles, 5,000 km
Total lubricating system capacity: 4.58 imp pt, 5,50 US pt
Gearbox and final drive oil: 5.28 imp pt. 6.34 US pt. 3 1, SAE 90, change every 31,100 miles, 50,000 km
Greasing: every 6,200 miles, 10,000 km, 4 points
Tappet clearances: inlet 0.004 in, 0.10 mm, exhaust 0.004 in, 0.10 mm
Valve timing: inlet opens 7°30' before tdc and closes 37° after bdc, exhaust opens 44°30' before bdc and closes 4° after tdc
Normal tyre pressure: front 16 psi, 1.1 atm, rear 24 psi,1.7 atm.
Width of rims: 4.5"
Tyres: 6.00 x 15
Fuel tank capacity: 8.8 imp gal, 10.6 US gal
Carrying capacity: 882 1b, 400 kg
© Motor car History
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