Nissan Datsun 720 pick up truck range and history
|Production:||1980 to 1986|
|Assembly plants:||Fukuoka, Japan|
|Body and chassis|
|Body styles:||pick up|
|Engine and Powertrain|
|Drive:||Front-All wheel drive|
|Engine Type petrol:||1.5-2.4 liters|
|Engine Type diesel:||2.2-2.5 liters|
|Transmission:||4-5 speed manual,3 speed auto|
|Weights and Dimensions|
|Ground clearance(unladen) :||200mm.|
|Weight (kerb)||1090kg. (21.46cwt.)|
The Datsun 720 is a pickup manufactured by Datsun in Japan and the United States from 1980 to 1986. This was also exported to Australia , Europe and the Middle East .
The Datsun 720 was available with a normal and extended cab ("King Cab"), with a long and a short bunk. In some export markets, a 4-door double cabin was also offered. There was also a utility like the early Toyota 4Runner . This construction was called Bushwacker and was available as a retrofit.
From May 1983 until the discontinuation of the model in 1986, the Datsun 720 was created in the new Nissan plant in Smyrna (Tennessee) .
In the model years 1980-1983, the cars had flatbeds with single-layered side walls with protruding upper edges and lashing hooks, two decorative vents on the hood and taillights on the lower rear panel.
For a while, the 1983/1984 built in the US models still had the bunk with single-layer sideboards and lashing hooks, but already taillights at the rear corners of the bunk with yellow flashing lights, which were located above the red brake / taillights, with the reversing lights remained in the old place under the tail lift. Also, the front of the vehicle has been changed and got a larger grille, a larger bumper and larger position lights. There was also a redesigned dashboard with round instruments instead of the square ones. At that time, the normal cab was slightly lengthened and the vents behind the doors were changed from a high to a narrow shape, which corresponded to the height of the window opening. The extended cab (King Cab) remained unchanged.
The last series from 1985 to May 1986 had double side walls, visually softer designed side panels and modified tail lights at the corners, which resembled those of the Chevrolet S-series . Some export models continued to be delivered with the earlier flatbeds.Other variations of the US model in addition to the KC (King Cab) were the GL, the DX, the ST (Sport Truck) and a chassis with cab (only rear-wheel drive).
The Datsun 720 was with rear-wheel drive and four-wheel drive.However, before 1984, the front suspension of the four-wheel model was a variant of the suspension in the rear-wheel drive model.
From May 1979 to 1980 was used the 2.0 liter R4 carburetor L20B, but soon after it went to the Nissan Z engine. The models for the Middle East had the 1.8 liter R4 L18 petrol engine.
In 1981/1982 there was the 2.2 liter R4 Z2 petrol engine and the 2.2 liter R22 SD22 diesel engine.
In mid-1983, the Z24 (a 2.4L R4), the Z20 (a 2.0L R4), and the SD25 (a 2.5L R4 diesel) were introduced. In the American market there was the diesel engine only from 1982 to 1985 in the rear-wheel drive model. In 1986, the 2.4 l R4 Z24 petrol engine was equipped with an injection (Z24i) on request; some export models were equipped with the 1.5 l R4 engine J15, the 1.6 l R4 engine J16 or the 1.8 l R4 engine L18 (all with carburettor).
The 2.0 or 2.2 liter Z20E and Z22E injection engines were not installed in the 720. But you can easily adjust them and the cars look like originals after installation.
The Datsun 720 was replaced in May 1986 in Europe by the Nissan D21 , which corresponded to the North American Nissan Hardbody Truck. In Asia and Africa this model was offered as Datsun D21 until 1997. The D21 has the same chassis as the 720, and the 2.4L R4 Z24i engine is included as standard, but the body and interior have been redesigned.
Datsun 720 pick up Technical details and specifications (1980-1986)
Type : Recirculating ball
Type : Torsion bar and wishbone
Bar diameter : 22mm. (0.866in.)
Bar length : 822.5mm. (32.4in.)
Spring rate : 37.5N.m. (27.61b.ft)
Type : Semi-elliptic leaf springs
Spring length : 1200mm. (47 •24in.)option 1200mm.
Number of leaves : 4 option 6
Width of leaves : 60mm. (2.36in.)
Drive Type: Rear-wheel drive
Clutch : 225mm. diam
Gearbox : 4 forward speeds
Gearbox ratios : 1st 1.662; 2nd 2.637; 3rd 4.218; Rev 4.295
Drive shafts : Semi-floating; banjo axle
Final drive gear :Hypoid
Final drive ratio : 4.111:1
Distributor : Hitachi or Mitsubishi
Ignition coil : Hanshin HP5-13E or Hitachi C6R-206
Battery : 12V, 50Ah.
Battery earth : Negative
Alternator : 12V.35A.
Regulator : 13-8/14-8V
Starter motor : Hitachi or Mitsubishi
ENGINE (Petrol) 1.8L
Type 4-stroke; single O.H.C.
Cooling system Water pump, radiator (131b./in,2) fan,and thermostat
Cooling system thermostat opens 88°
Number of cylinders 4
Firing order 1-3-4-2
Idiing speed 600 r.p.m.
Cubic capacity 1770cm.3
Comp. ratio 8-5:1
Brake horse-power (DIN) 80 at 5000 r.p.m.
Torque (DIN) 13.6kg.m. (98.41b.ft.) at 3200 r.p.m.
Camshaft drive type Duplex chain
Valve timing ( •008in.cl.)
Petrol pump Atsugi mech. 3.81bmax.
Nissan Datsun 720 Engine types
1.5 L J15 I4
1.6 L J16 I4
1.6 L Z16 I4
1.75 L J18 I4 (Mexico)
1.8 L L18 I4
2.0 L L20B I4 (1979.5-1980)
2.0 L Z20S I4 (1981)
2.2 L Z22S I4 (1981–1982)
2.4 L Z24 I4 (1983–1986)
2.4 L Z24i I4 (option, 1986)
2.2 L SD22 I4
2.3 L SD23 I4
2.5 L SD25 I4
© Motor car History
Engine 1471 cc J15 I4 1567 cc J16 I4 1595 cc Z16 I4 1751 cc J18 I4 1770 cc L18 I4 1770 cc Z18 I4 1952 cc L20B I4 1952 cc Z20S I4 2188 cc Z22S I4 2389 cc Z24 I4
2389 cc Z24i I4
2164 cc SD22 I4 2289 cc SD23 I4 2488 cc SD25 I4 Power (JDM) – 80 PS (59 kW) 82 PS (60 kW) – 95 PS (70 kW) 90 PS (66 kW) – – – – 65 PS (48 kW) 73 PS (54 kW) – Power (US) – – – – – – 97 hp (72 kW) 97 hp (72 kW) 98 hp (73 kW) 103 hp (77 kW)
106 hp (79 kW)
61 hp (45 kW) – 70 hp (52 kW) Power (Europe) – 69 PS (51 kW) – – 80 PS (59 kW) – – 97 PS (71 kW) – 64 PS (47 kW) 68 PS (50 kW) 72 PS (53 kW) Power (others) 64 PS (47 kW) 78 PS (57 kW) SWB 720 C720 T720 P720 D720 H720 F720 M720 N720 S720 A720 J720 SWB 4WD – – – PY720 DY720 HY720 – MY720 NY720 SY720 – JY720 LWB G720/U720 CG720 TG720 PG720 DG720 HG720 FG720 NG720 SG720 AG720 JG720 LWB 4WD – – – PGY720 DGY720 HGY720 – MGY720/UMY720 NGY720 SGY720 AGY720 JGY720/UJY720 Leading letter K is for King Cab, U for the Double Cab (on late models this replaced the "G" for long wheelbase), R for the refrigerated box truck version, and E for the twin-wheel version. L after the first letter signifies left-hand dr
Datsun 720 pick up maintenance and Service Guide (1980-1986)
Ignition timing : 10° BTDC at 600 r.p.m.
Sparking plugs : NGK BRP5ES
Sparking plug gap : 0-8/0-9mm. (.0311-035in.)
Contact breaker gap : 0-45/0-55mm. (.018/.021in.)
Dwell angle : 49°/550°
Camber angle : -0° 5'/+1° 25'
Castor angle : 0° 55'/2° 25'
Wheel alignment (front) : 5/7mm. toe-in (0° 13/10° 19')
Condition for checking : Unladen
Engine oil 1.8L engine : 3.8 litres (6.7 pints) plus 0.5 (0.9) filter
Gearbox : 1.7 litres (3 pints)
Differential : 1.0 litres (l.8 pints)
Cooling system : 8.1 litres (14.3 pints) with heater
Fuel tank : 64 litres (14 gallons)
Tyre size: 185R14C-8PRLT
Tyre pressures Front Rear with load: 1.8 (26)-4-5 (64)
Hydraulic fluid : S.A.E.J1703
© Motor car History