Ferrari 208 GTB GTS Turbo
from 1982 to 1989
4230 m m
1232 kg _
The Ferrari 208 GTB Turbo and GTS Turbo are sports car produced by the Italian car manufacturer Ferrari from 1982 to 1989.
The GTB Turbo was the first Ferrari Road car to be turbocharged. Followed the following year by the GTS Turbo. Later just as the Ferrari GTB Turbo and the Ferrari GTS Turb
In 1982, mechanical injection and supercharging were introduced, bringing power output to 220 bhp; the new version was always presented at the Turin Motor Show. Initially this engine was only available for the GTB; in 1983 it was also made available for the GTS. In this Turbo version, the top speed has also increased, reaching 242 km/h declared by the manufacturer.
The engine that powered the 208, derived from that of the Dino 208 GT4, was conceived to adequately deal with the oil crisis of the 1970s/80s, consuming and polluting less than the 3,000 cm³ version; as well as the Italian financial recession of those same years, avoiding the heavy taxation that weighed on engines of over 2,000 cm³.The same strategy was also adopted by Lamborghini and Maserati, with specific car models for that situation .BODY coupé; 2 doors; 2 seats, separate front seats, built-in headrests; leather upholstery; electric windows; heated rear window; tinted glass; light alloy wheels; check control; central door locking.
Optional Pirelli P7 205/55 VR x 16 front wres with 7" wide rims and Pirelli P 7 225/50 VR x 16 rear tyres with 8" wide rims; air-conditioning; front spoiler; metallic spray.
Mechanically and aesthetically identical to the 308, it differed in the engine , a 1991 cm³ V8 from the Dino 208 GT4 with light alloy block and head, wet liners and 5 crankshaft bearings; subsequently this engine was supercharged by a KKK turbocharger with Bosch K-Jetronic injection in 1982 with a compression ratio of 7:1 and subsequently by IHI with the addition of the intercooler in 1985 , giving life to the 208 Turbo. It was available in two body versions, coupé (GTB), and with a removable roof in the Targa version (GTS) These had front and rear independent suspension and disc brakes also front and rear.
In 1986 minor changes were made to the car to the bodywork, at the same time as the launch of the Ferrari 328, the engine thanks to the adoption of a turbine from the Japanese IHI (working pressure 1.05 bar), the intercooler from BEHR and the electronic control unit Marelli Med, now had 254 hp (at 6500 rpm), and the horsepower was more manageable thanks to the great low pull. The production of the Ferrari GTB Turbo and the Ferrari GTS Turbo, as they were now called, ended in 1989.
PERFORMANCE: Ferrari 208 GTB GTS Turbo
- Max speed: 150 mph, 242 km/h
- Max power (DIN): 220 hp (162 kW) at 7,000 rpm
- Max torque (DIN): 177 1b ft, 24.5 kg m (240 Nm) at 4,800 rpm
- Max engine rpm: 7,800
- 110.5 hp/l (81.3 kW/l)
- Power-weight ratio: G TB Coupé 12.3 lb/hp (16.8 lb/kW), 5.6 kg/hp (7.6 kg/kW)
- Acceleration: standing 1/4 mile 15.2 sec
- Fuel consumption: 21.7 m/imp gal, 18.1 m/US gal
A total of 437 examples of the 208 GTB Turbo and 250 examples of the 208 GTS Turbo were produced.
Ferrari 208 Turbo Technical details and specifications (1982-1986)
turbocharged, centre, rear, transverse
4 stroke; 8 cylinders in vee
121.5 cu in, 1,991 cc
Bore x Stroke (2.63 x 2.79 in, 66.8 71 mm)
compression ratio: 7:1
light alloy block and head, wet liners
5 crankshaft bearings
valves: overhead, Vee-slanted, thimble tappets
camshafts: 4, 2 per bank, overhead, cogged belts
lubrication: gear pump, full flow filter
oil 15.8 imp pt, 1-9 US pt, 9 1
cooler, crankcase emission control system
Bosch K-Jetronic injection; 1 KKK turbocharger; fuel feed:
electric pump; anti-freeze liquid-cooled
expansion tank front radiator, 2 electric thermostatic fans.
driving wheels: rear
clutch: single dry Plate (diaphragm)
gearbox: mechanical; gears: 5, fully synchronized
ratios: I 3.590, II 2.353, III 1.693, IV 1.244, V 0.881, rev 3.248
gear lever location: central
final drive: helical spur gear
axle ratio: 4.312
type tubular steel frame with steel body
front suspension: independent, wishbones, stabilizer bar,anti-roll bar, coil springs, telescopic dampers
rear: independent, wishbones, anti-roll bar, coil springs, telescopic dampers.
turns lock to lock: 3.28.
turning circle: 39.4 ft, 12 m
ventilated discs, internal radial fins, dual circuit, servo
Brake swept area: front 230.8 sq in, 1,489 sq cm
Brake swept area: rear 192.5 sq in, 1,242 sq cm
Brake swept area: total 423.3 sq in, 2,731 sq cm
66 Ah battery
65 A alternator; Marelli Digiplex electronic ignition
2 retractable iodine headlamps.
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
wheel base: 92.13 in, 234 cm
front and rear track: 57.48 in, 146 cm
length: 166.54 in, 423 cm
width: 67.72 in, 172 cm
height: 44.09 in, 112 cm
ground clearance: 4.72 in, 12 cm
weight: G TB Coupé 2,717 1b, 1,232 kg - GTS Spider 2,741 1b, 1,243 kg
© Motor car History
Ferrari 208 Turbo Maintenance and Service Guide (1982-1986)
Fuel: 97 oct petrol
Oil: engine 15.8 imp pt, 19 US pt, 9 1, SAE 10W-50, change every 6,200 miles, 10,000 km
Gearbox and final drive 7 imp pt, 8.5 US pt, 4 1, SAE 80W-90, change every 12,400 miles, 20,000 km
Coolent 31.7 imp pt, 38.1 US pt, 18 1
Spark plug: Champion N 2 G
Valve timing: 20° 44° 54° 10°
Tyre pressure: front 33 psi, 2.3 atm, rear 33 psi, 2.3 atm.
Width of rims: 6.5"x 16
Tyres: Michelin TRX 220/55 VR x 390.
Carrying capacity: 397 1b, 180 kg
Fuel tank: 74 litres 16.3 imp gal, 19.5 US gal, 74 1.
© Motor car History
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