Ferrari 400 Superamerica
1959 to 1964
Aldo Brovarone at Pininfarina (coupé aerodinamico)
4.0 L V12
178.3 mph, 287 km/h
2,420 mm (95 in) (series I)
1,250 kg (2,756 lb) (coupé)
|Front track||54.25 in, 1378 mm|
|Rear track||54.09 in, 1374 mm|
The Ferrari 400 Superamerica is a two-seater sports car built by Ferrari from 1960 to 1964.
It was produced in two series, customized according to the requests of the customer. Unique models were also built, named Superfast II, III and IV. The vast majority of the cars were coupes, with a single car built right-hand drive. The first example was built on behalf of Gianni Agnelli. The name did not derive from the cylinder displacement, but from the total, which was in fact about 4000 cc. In the beginning the wheelbase was 2420 mm, later increased to 2600 mm to guarantee more space in the passenger compartment
The chassis frame was tubular in steel and was made up of two section longitudinal members that exceeded the rear axle, strengthened by crossbeams and a rather solid front section.
The 400 Superamerica had a smaller 4.0 L Colombo engine, but produced as much power as its predecessor. It debuted in 1959 as 410 productions ended, and was available as a coupe, spider, or cabriolet with custom Pinin Farina bodywork. Four-wheel disc brakes were a new addition. 47 Ferrari 400s had been built, along 2 series, when the 400 was stepped aside in 1964, of which 32 were coupé aerodinamico variant. Series I coupés aerodinamico had open hood air scoop while series II cars had covered scoop and slightly longer wheelbase.
The engine was a 60 ° V12, front and longitudinal. This had overcome the concept of "long block" initially conceived by Aurelio Lampredi (and used on the 410 Superamerica), and embraced the Gioachino Colombo project, which provided for a distribution with a single overhead camshaft per bank of cylinders, which had two valves for each of them. The engine was enlarged, with the stroke increased to 71 mm and the bore to 77 mm. The displacement was 3967.44 cc, with a compression ratio of 8.8: 1. The power output was 340 hp at 7000 rpm. The ignition consisted of two coils and a distributor, with two distributors. The power supply consisted of three Weber 46 DCZ 6 3 twin barrel downdraft carburettors. Lubrication was wet sump, with single plate clutch.
- Engine Capacity: 242.62 cu in, 3967 cu cm;
- Fuel Consumption: 14.1 m/imp gal, 11.8 m/US gal, 20 1 x 100 km;
- Max Speed: 178.3 mph, 287 km/h
- max power (DIN): 340 hp at 6750 rpm
- max torque (DIN): 304 'b ft. 42 kgm at 4000 rpm
- max number of engine rpm: 7000
- specific power: 85.7 hp/l
- power-weight ratio: 7.1 lb/hp, 3.2 kg/hp
- useful load: 706 1b, 320 kg
- speed in direct drive at 1000 rpm: 25.5 mph, 41 km/h.
- max speed in 1st gear: 67.7 mph, 109 km/h; max speed in 2nd gear: 101.3 mph, 163 km/h; max speed in 3rd gear: 136.7 mph, 220 km/h
- max speed in 4th gear: 172.1 mph, 277 km/h,max speed in overdrive: 178.3 mph, 287 km/h
The front suspension was independent, with oscillating arms and coil springs with telescopic shock absorbers on each of the wheels and stabilizer bar, while the rear ones were of the rigid type assisted by longitudinal semi -elliptical leaf springs, double lateral struts and coaxial coil springs with hydraulic shock absorbers on each wheel. The disc brakes were hydraulically operated on the wheels, while the parking brake operated with a cable on the rear. The gearbox was four-speed synchronized, with electric overdrive on the top ratio. The steering was a worm screw and toothed sector
400 Superamerica Pinin Farina Coupé Speciale
Special one-off version of 400 Superamerica built in 1959 for Gianni Agnelli. This car was also the very first of 400 Superamericas. Worth note is the fact that very similar body was used on Maserati 5000 GT also built for Sig. Agnelli.
1963 Ferrari Pininfarina 400 Superfast
400 Superamerica Superfast II-IV
Originally built as series I Ferrari 400 Superamerica Aerodinamico Pinin Farina Coupé, chassis no. 2207SA, was bodied and presented as Superfast II at Torino Motor Show in 1960 and 1961. In 1961 rebodied into Superfast III and presented at 1962 Geneva Motor Show. Same year redesigned another, final, time as Superfast IV. It was a styling concept for the upcoming 500 Superfast model.
Ferrari 400 Superamerica Technical details and specifications (1960-1964)
front, 4 stroke, cylinders: 12, Vee-slanted at 60°
bore and stroke 3.03 x 2.79 in, 77 x 71 mm
engine capacity: 242.62 cu in, 3967 cu cm
compression ratio; 9.8:1
cylinder block: light alloy, wet liners
cylinder head: light alloy, hemispherical combustion chambers
crankshaft bearings: 7
valves: 2 per cylinder, overhead, Vee-slanted at 54°, with roller rockers
camshaft: 2, over-head, per cylinder block
lubrication: gear pump, filter on by-pass
lubricating system capacity: 10.5 imp qt, 12.7 US qt, 12 1
carburation: 3 Weber 46 DCZ 6 3 twin barrel downdraft carburettors
fuel feed: electric pump
cooling system water
driving wheels: rear
clutch: single dry plate
gear box: mechanical
gears: 4 + reverse and overdrive
gear box ratios: (I) 2.536, (Il) 1.700, (Ill) 1.256, (IV) 1 - (ov.) 0.778, (Rev) 2.995
final drive: spiral bevel ratio: 3.77 : 1.
tubular in oval section
front suspension: independent, wishbones, coil springs, anti-roll bar, telescopic dampers
rear suspension: rigid axle, semi-elliptic leaf-springs, torque trailing arms, telescopic dampers.
worm and roller.
turning radius (between walls): 19.7 ft, 6 m
disc, vacuum servo.
voltage: 12 V
battery: 65 Ah
dynamo: 400 W,
ignition distributor: Bosch
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT:Coupe
wheel base: 95.20 in, 2420 mm
front track: 54.25 in, 1378 mm
rear track: 54.09 in, 1374 mm
overall length: 169.29 in, 4300 mm
overall width: 66.14 in, 1680 mm
overall height: 51.57 in, 1310 mm
ground clearance: 5.51 in, 140 mm
dry weight: 2822 1b, 1280 kg
© Motor car History
Ferrari 400 Superamerica maintenance and Service Guide (1960-1964)
fuel: petrol, 98 oct
engine oil: 9.68 imp qt,11.61 US qt, SAE 30 (winter) 40 (summer), change every 1900 miles, 3000 km
cooling system capacity: 7.3 imp qt, 8.8 US qt, 8.3 1.
valve timing: (inlet) opens 28° before tdc and closes 68° after bdc. (exhaust) opens 74° before bdc and closes 18° after tdc
tyre pressure (medium load): front 30 psi, 2.1 atm, rear 34 psi, 2.4 atm.
tyres: 7.30 - 16
fuel tank capacity: 27.50 imp gal, 33.00 US gal
© Motor car History
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