Ferrari Daytona 365 GTB GTS 4
|Production||1968 to 1973|
|Body style||Berlinetta, spider|
|Curb weight||1,200 kg (2,646 lb) approx|
|Engine position||front centre longitudinal|
|Engine type||V12 4390 cm³|
|Wheel base||94.49 in, 2,400 mm|
|Overall length||174.21 in, 4,425 mm|
|Overall height||49.02 in, 1,245 mm|
|Overall width||69.29 in, 1,760 mm|
|Max Speed||174 mph, 280 km/h|
|Price New||GB £8,750 inc|
The Ferrari 365 GTB/4, better known by the unofficial name Ferrari Daytona, is a Gran Turismo automobile produced from 1968 to 1973.
It was first introduced to the public at the Paris Auto Salon in 1968 and replaced the 275 GTB/4. The Daytona was replaced by the mid-engined 365 GT4 Berlinetta Boxer in 1973.The sporty and elegant bodywork (doors and bonnets were in aluminium), designed by Leonardo Fioravanti for the Pininfarina bodywork, covered with a completely new frame.
The unofficial Daytona name is reported to have been applied by the media rather than Ferrari and commemorates Ferrari's 1-2-3 finish in the February 1967 24 Hours of Daytona with the 330P4. In honour of the victory obtained in 1967, the new sports car from the " Cavallino " company was nicknamed the Daytona.
The Ferrari "Daytona" is a high collection car, handcrafted, it was the last supercar of the "Casa di Maranello" produced before the advent of the "Fiat Group" and built with the front engine. The technical developments of the 1970s and 1980s saw the production of exclusively rear-engine Ferrari supercars. It will take well over 20 years to find a Ferrari with this "classic" setting, which will only be revived with the advent of the Ferrari 550 Maranello. Both the "coupé" version and the very rare "spider" version are much appreciated by enthusiasts.
Unlike Lamborghini's then-new, mid-engined Miura, the Daytona was a traditional front-engined, rear-drive car. The engine, known as the Tipo 251 and developed from the earlier Colombo V12 used in the 275 GTB/4, was a 4.4 L (4,390 cc, 267.9 cid) DOHC V12 with a 60° bank angle, 365 cc per cylinder, 81 mm (3.2 in) bore and 71 mm (2.8 in) stroke, featuring six Weber twin carburettors (40 mm Solex twin carburettors were used alternatively). At a compression ratio of 9.3:1.
The five-speed manual transmission (of the transaxle concept) was mounted in the rear for optimal weight distribution, and a four-wheel independent suspension featured wishbones and coil springs.with the self-locking differential, according to the transaxle.The suspension at the front and rear followed the layout of the 275 GTB / 4, which at the rear had abandoned the outdated rigid axle pattern to adopt a new geometry with independent wheels with wishbones. The brakes were self ventilated disc, with brake booster.
It produced 357 PS (263 kW; 352 hp) and could reach 280 km/h (174 mph). 0-60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration was just 5.4 seconds For the American version, slight modifications were made - the compression ratio was reduced to 8.8:1 and the exhaust system was equipped with a large central silencer, necessitating visible alterations to the primary pipes.
- Engine Capacity 267.90 cu in, 4,390.358 cu cm
- Fuel Consumption 13.1 m/imp gal, 10.9 m/US gal, 21.5 1 x 100 km
- Max Speed 174 mph, 280 km/h
- Max power (DIN): 352 hp at 7,500 rpm
- Max torque (DIN): 318 1b ft, 44 kg m at 5,500 rpm
- Max engine rpm: 7,500
- Specific power: 80.2 hp/l
- Power-weight ratio: 7.5 lb/hp, 3.4 kg/hp
- Speed in top at 1,000 rpm: 24.7 mph, 39.7 km/h.
- Max speeds: 59 mph, 95 km/h in 1st gear; 86.3 mph, 139 km/h in 2nd gear; 116.2 mph, 187 km/h in 3rd gear; 146 mph, 235 km/h in 4th gear; 174 mph, 280 km/h in 5th gear
1969 Ferrari 365 GT/4 with fixed headlights
Although it was also a Pininfarina design, as with many previous Ferrari road cars (by Leonardo Fioravanti), the 365 GTB/4 was radically different. Its sharp-edged styling resembled a Lamborghini more than a traditional Pininfarina Ferrari.
Early Daytonas featured fixed headlights behind an acrylic glass cover. This particular setup was completely abandoned in 1971 favor of retractable pop-up twin headlights due to new safety regulations in the U.S., which outlawed headlights behind covers. Leonardo Fioravanti, designer, intervieved on TV car show had confirmed a popular rumor that it took him 7 days to design a Daytona.
In 1969, to satisfy the requests of the importer Luigi Chinetti for the North American market, the spyder version was presented, identical to the coupé in mechanics. Previously, at the 1969 Paris Motor Show, Pininfarina exhibited a sort of prototype of the "Daytona Spider" (chassis no. 12925, engine no. 251), with an apparently " plate " body. In reality it was a faux-cabriolet, or a fake open car, characterized by a showy satin aluminium roll-bar and a hood. covered with vinyl cloth. Despite the interest, the Spider version was produced several years after the prototype was presented.
The spyder version was requested above all for the American market by the importer Luigi Chinetti and it should be noted that the distinction between GTB / 4 coupé and GTS / 4 spyder is not so unambiguous, in fact many specimens of the spyder version originally came out of the Maranello factory with the 365 GTB / 4 nameplate as the closed version. Only very few examples of the original spyder version have the 365 GTS / 4 nameplate.
In 1971 a slight restyling only affected the coupé version, the Spider version not yet in production. The transparent Plexiglas strip connecting the front headlights (which became " retractable ") was eliminated and the interiors were updated. The change to the headlamps became necessary because a new US regulation had banned the previous solution. The Ferrari Daytona "Spyder" were produced exclusively in this restyled version with retractable headlights and differed from the initial prototype for the soft top which became completely foldable in canvas.
The coupé production ended in 1973, this was then replaced by the 365 GT4 BB, while the spyder of which the last examples were produced, to satisfy orders from overseas still open, remained in production for another year.
The generally accepted total number of Daytonas from the Ferrari club historians is 1,406 over the life of the model. This figure includes 158 right-hand-drive coupés, 122 factory-made spyders (of which 7 are right hand drive), and 15 competition cars in three series with modified lightweight bodies and in various degrees of engine tune. All bodies except the first Pininfarina prototype were produced by Scaglietti.In all, 1350 Daytona GTB / 4 were built (of which only 411 first series with plexiglass headlights) and 122 Daytona Spider not always commercially identified as GTS / 4, including the prototype. Of these 96 were destined for the North American market and were built with "US" specifications and only 25 plus the prototype were built with European specifications and of these only 7 had right-hand drive (for the English market).
Historically, and especially since the mid-1980s and early 1990s, there has mostly been a considerable market price difference between a real berlinetta and a real spyder. Many berlinettas were turned into spyders by aftermarket mechanics, often to increase the car's monetary value or simply because of the owner's preference for an open car.
The later 1972 Ferrari 365 GTB daytona with pop up lights
The first racing version of the 365GTB/4 was prepared in 1969: an aluminium bodied car was built and entered in the Le Mans 24 hour race that year (the car crashed in practice). Ferrari did not produce an official competition car until late in 1970.
The official cars were built in three batches of five cars each, in 1970-1, 1972 and 1973. They all featured a lightweight body making use of aluminium and fibreglass panels, with plexiglas windows. The engine was unchanged from the road car in the first batch of competition cars, but tuned in the latter two batches (to 400 bhp (298 kW; 406 PS) in 1972 and then around 450 bhp (336 kW; 456 PS) in 1973).
The cars were not raced by the official Scuderia Ferrari team, but by a range of private entrants. They enjoyed particular success in the 24 Hours of Le Mans, with results including a 5th overall in 1971, followed by GT class wins in 1972, 1973 and 1974. In 1972 Ferrari 365 GTB/4s took the first 5 places of the GT class.
The final major success of the car was in 1979 (five years after production ended), when a 1973 car achieved a class victory (2nd overall) in the 24 Hours of Daytona.
In the Columbo murder mystery "Short Fuse" Roddy McDowall is the owner of a Daytona.
A red Daytona Spyder was one of the "stars" of the 1976 film Gumball Rally. Other films in the 1970s featuring Daytonas were A Star Is Born, The Long Goodbye, Gone in 60 Seconds, The Swiss Conspiracy, and Herbie Goes to Monte Carlo. In 1988, a Daytona was featured in Rain Man.
In the 1980s, the car gained new notoriety on the first two seasons of NBC's hit television series Miami Vice. The black car used in the series was a replica built on a Corvette chassis. Ferrari execs were not pleased that their company and one of their products was represented on TV by an imitation car and sued the manufacturer of the kit for trademark infringement and trademark dilution.The Daytona replica was eventually destroyed on-screen and replaced with a donated Ferrari Testarossa, the company's newest model during the time.
In the 1990 film The Rookie, a Ferrari Daytona is stolen from a valet parking service and loaded on a semi-tractor trailer by the thieves. It is later wrecked in a collision.
The show Top Gear featured James May, in a 1.25 million pound power boat, racing Richard Hammond in a Ferrari Daytona from Portofino to Saint-Tropez. For May, the journey was rough, damaging the in-vehicle camera. Both Hammond and May were pulled over by the police. May won, but Hammond explained that the boat might have been the fastest way to complete the journey, but the car would always be the best method.
The cover of The Carpenters 'Now and Then' album features Richard Carpenter's red 365 Daytona coupé with Karen Carpenter in the front passenger seat. It was also dedicated in song metaphorically by Chris Rea, titled "Daytona" for his 1989 album, The Road to Hell.
Ferrari 365 Daytona GTB GTS4 Technical details and specifications (1968-1973)
front, 4 stroke
cylinders: 12, Vee-slanted at 60°
bore and stroke: 3.19 x 2.79 in. 81 x 71 mm
engine capacity: 267.90 cu in, 4,390.358 cu cm
compression ratio: 9.3
cylinder block: light alloy, wet liners
cylinder head: light alloy, hemispherical combustion chambers
crankshaft bearings: 7
valves: 2 per cylinder, overhead, Vee-slanted at 46°, thimble tappets
camshafts: 2, overhead per cylinder block
lubrication: gear pump, separate oil tank, filter on by-pass, dry sump, oil-water heat exchanger, oil cooler
lubricating system capacity: 26.40 imp pt, 31.71 US pt
carburation: 6 Weber 40 DCN 20 downdraught twin barrel carburettors
Ignition: 2 coils (1 per bank) and 2 distributors (1 per bank)
fuel feed: 2 electric pumps
cooling system: water, electric automatic fans
driving wheels: rear
clutch: single dry plate
gearbox: mechanical, in unit with limited slip final drive, rear
gears: 5 + reverse
synchromesh 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th
gearbox ratios: 1st 3.075, 2nd 2.120, 3rd 1.572, 4th 1.250, 5th 0.964, rev 2.675
final drive: spiral bevel, limited slip; axle ratio: 3.300.
type tubular circular section tubes in steel
front suspension: independent, wishbones, coil springs, anti-roll bar, telescopic dampers
rear suspension: independent, wishbones, coil springs, anti-roll bar, telescopic dampers.
worm and roller
turns of steering wheel lock to lock: 3.50.
turning circle (between walls): 44 ft, 13.4 m
disc, Girling dual circuit, each with vacuum servo
area rubbed by linings front:28.78 sq in, 185.60 sq cm
area rubbed by linings rear: 19.60 sq in, 126.40 sq cm
area rubbed by linings total:48.38 sq in, 312 sq cm
voltage: 12 V
battery: 74 Ah
generator type: alternator, 660 W
ignition distributor: Marelli
headlamps: 4, iodine long distance lights.
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
wheel base: 94.49 in, 2,400 mm
front track: 56.69 in, 1,440 mm
rear track: 56.10 in, 1,425 mm;
overall length: 174.21 in, 4,425 mm
overall width: 69.29 in, 1,760 mm
overall height: 49.02 in, 1,245 mm
ground clearance: 5.12 in, 130 mm
dry weight: 2,646 1b, 1,200 kg
© Motor car History
Ferrari 365 Daytona GTB GTS4 maintenance and Service Guide (1968-1973)
Fuel type: 98-100 oct petrol
Engine oil: 26.40 imp pt, 31.71 US pt. 15 1, SAE 30W-40, change every 6,200 miles, 10,000 km
Gearbox and final drive oil: 7.92 imp pt. 9.51 US pt. 4.5 1, Ricinax super-heavy oil, change every 6,200 miles, 10,000 km
Greasing: every 3,100 miles, 5,000 km, 8 points
Cooling system capacity: 24.64 imp pt. 29.60 US pt. 14 1.
Tappet clearances: inlet 0.010 in, 0.25 mm, exhaust 0.020 in, 0.50 mm.
Width of rims: 7.5"
Tyres: 215/70 x 15
Fuel tank capacity: 22 imp gal, 26.4 US gal.
Carrying capacity: 353 1b, 160 kg
© Motor car History