|1958 to 1968|
|Manufacturer||British Motor Corporation|
|Production||1958–1968 Number made 21,208|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||Four-wheel drive|
|Engine||Austin (A70) OHV 55 hp (41 kW) diesel 2200 62 bhp (46 kW)|
|Length||139 in (3,531 mm) or 160 in (4,064 mm)|
The Austin Gipsy is an automobile which was produced by the British Motor Corporation and its successors from 1958 to 1968. It was designed as a replacement for the Austin Champ to compete with Rover's Land Rover.
The Gipsy came with with a open and two doors: and two separate front seats .Austin picked the name with an "I" spelling rather than gypsy. The Gipsy was visually similar to the Land Rover, but unlike the Land Rover, the Gipsy's bodywork was steel. The suspension was sophisticated, independent suspension all round using Flexitor rubber springs, which gave the Gipsy the ability to travel at high speeds over rough terrain.
As an option, later models offered leaf springs on the front and rear. It used a BMC 2199 cc petrol engine based on the one in the Austin A70; the compression ratio was 6.8:1, making the petrol-powered vehicle tolerant of low octane fuel.
- PERFORMANCE: Petrol (2200cc)
- max speeds: 18 mph, 29 km/h in 1st gear; 30 mph, 48.3 km/h
- in 2nd gear; 52 mph, 83.7 km/h in 3rd gear; 63 mph, 101.4 km/h in 4th gear
- power-weight ratio: 39.7 lb/hp, 18 kg/hp
- Fuel Consumption 24.5 mlimp gal, 20.4 ml US gal, 11.5 1 x 100 km
- Max Speed 63 mph, 101.4 km/h
A 2178 cc diesel-engined version was also offered.
- PERFORMANCE: Diesel (2200cc)
- max power (DIN) 55 hp at 3,500 rpm
- max torque (DIN) 89 1b ft, 12.3 kg m at 2,800 rpm,
- 25.3 hp/l specific power
- power-weight ratio 54.5 lb/hp, 24.7 kg/hp
It was available initially in a 90-inch (2286 mm) (later known as the Short wheelbase (SWB) version to which was added a 111-inch (2819 mm) Long wheelbase (LWB) from Series II
With the merger of BMC with Leyland to form British Leyland the Austin Gipsy and the Land Rover were being produced by the same company. Production of the Gipsy was stopped after some 21,208 vehicles had been sold.
Austin Gipsy in Heartbeat, TV Series (ITV)
Austin Gipsy Technical details and specifications (1958-1968)
front, 4 stroke
cylinders: 4, vertical, in line
bore and stroke: 3.12 x 4.37 in, 79.2 x 111 mm
engine capacity: 133.79 cu in, 2,192.53 cu cm
compression ratio: 6.8
max power (DIN): 72 hp at 4,000 rpm
max torque (DIN): 112 1b ft, 15.5 kg m at 1,500 rpm
max number of engine rpm: 4,500
specific power: 32.8 hp/l
cylinder block: cast iron
cylinder head: cast iron
crankshaft bearings: 3
valves: 2 per cylinder, overhead, in line, push-rods and rockers
camshafts: 1, side
lubrication: gear pump, full flow filter
lubricating system capacity: 12.30 imp pt, 14.80 US pt
carburation: 1 Zenith downdraught single barrel carburettor
fuel feed: electric pump
cooling system: water
capacity 132.39 cu in, 2,169.64 cu cm
bore and stroke 3.25 x 4 in, 82.5 x 101.6 mm
compression ratio 20
driving wheels: 4
clutch: single dry plate
gearbox: mechanical with transfer box
gears: 4 + reverse and transfer box
synchromesh gears: 1st 3rd, 4h
gearbox ratios:I1 4.050, II 2.360, III 1.370, IV 1, rev 5.177
transfer box ratio 2.020
gear lever location: central
final drive: hypoid bevel
axle ratio: 5.125.
type tubular ladder frame
front suspension: rigid axle, semi-elliptic leaf-springs, telescopic dampers
rear suspension: rigid axle, semi-elliptic leafsprings, telescopic dampers.
cam and peg.
turning circle (between walls): 35 ft, 10.7 m
turning circle (between walls) 43 ft, 13.1 m (LWB)
drum, 2 front leading shoes
lining area: total 133 sq in, 857.85 sq cm.
voltage: 12 V
battery: 57 Ah
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
wheel base: 90 in, 2,286 mm
wheel base 111 in, 2,819 mm (LWB)
front track: 55 in, 1,397 mm
rear track: 55 in, 1,397 mm
overall length: 140.87 in, 3,578 mm
overall length 163.87 in, 4,162 mm (LWB)
overall width: 66.75 in, 1,695 mm
overall height: 76 in, 1,930 mm
ground clearance: 9 in, 229 mm
dry weight: 2,860 1b, 1,297 kg (Petrol)
dry weight 3,000 1b, 1,361 kg (Diesel)
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Austin Gipsy maintenance and Service Guide (1958-1968)
Engine oil Petrol: 11.30 imp pt, 13.53 US pt, 6.4 l
Gearbox oil: 4 imp pt, 4.86 US pt, 2.3 1
Transfer box oil: 3.50 imp pt, 4.23 US pt, 2 1
Final drive oil: 3 imp pt, 3.59 US pt, 1.7 1.
Cooling system capacity: 12.30 imp pt, 14.80 US pt, 7 1.
Tyres: 6.00 x 16 lwb 7.00 x 16 tyres
Fuel tank capacity: 12.5 imp gal, 15 US gal
Carrying capacity: 882 1b, 400 kg
© Motor car History