AC Ace (1953 to 1963)
|Body style||2-door roadster|
|Engine||2.0 L I6 (AC) 2.0 L I6 (Bristol) 2.6 L I6 (Ford)|
|Transmission||4-speed manual (With overdrive available)|
|Wheelbase||90 in (2,286 mm)|
|Length||152 in (3,861 mm)|
|Width||59.5 in (1,511 mm)|
|Height||49 in (1,245 mm)|
|Curb weight||1920 lb (871 kg)|
|Related||AC Aceca AC Greyhound AC Cobra|
AC Ace is a car which was produced by AC Cars of Thames Ditton, England from 1953 to 1963.
The famous AutoCarrier company was founded by engineer John Weller in 1908, taking residence at Thames Ditton, Surrey three years later. In 1913 the company brought out a 10hp four-cylinder light car, and in 1919
Weller introduced what was to become his famous 1991 cc single-overhead-camshaft wet-liner six-cylinder AC engine.
This entered production in 1922 and stayed in the catalogue until 1963 ; over the years development punched its original output of around 35 bhp up to more than 100 bhp.
AC came back to the market after the Second World War with the staid 2-Litre range of cars in 1947, but it was with the Ace sports car of 1953 that the company really made its reputation in the post war years. Casting around for a replacement for the ageing 2-Litre, AC took up a design by John Tojeiro that used a light ladder type tubular frame, all independent transverse leaf spring suspension, and an open two seater alloy body made using English wheeling machines, possibly inspired by the Ferrari Barchetta of the day.
Early cars used AC's elderly 100 bhp (75 kW) two-litre overhead cam straight-six engine (first seen soon after the end of the First World War), which, according to a 1954 road test by Motor magazine, gave a top speed of 103 mph (166 km/h) and 0–60 mph (0–100 km/h) in 11.4 seconds and a fuel consumption of 25.2 miles per imperial gallon (11.2 L/100 km; 21.0 mpg-US). It was hardly a sporting engine, however and it was felt that something more modern and powerful was required to put the modern chassis to good use.
Joining the Ace in 1954 was the Aceca hard top coupé, which had an early form of hatchback rear door but used the same basic timber framed alloy body.
From 1956, there was the option of Bristol Cars' two-litre 120 bhp (89 kW) straight-six with 3 downdraught carburettors and slick four-speed gearbox. Top speed leapt to 116 mph (187 km/h) with 0–60 mph (0–100 km/h) in the nine second bracket. Overdrive was available from 1956 and front disc brakes were an option from 1957, although they were later standardised.
In 1961 a new 2.6-litre (2,553 cc (155.8 cu in)) straight-six 'Ruddspeed' option was available, adapted by Ken Rudd from the unit used in the Ford Zephyr. It used three Weber or SU carburettors and either a 'Mays' or an iron cast head. This setup boosted the car's performance further, with some versions tuned to 170 bhp (127 kW), providing a top speed of 130 mph (209 km/h) and 0–60 mph (0–100 km/h) in 8.1 seconds.However, it was not long before Carroll Shelby drew AC's attention to the Cobra, so only 37 of the 2.6 models were made.These Ford engined models had a smaller grille which was carried over to the Cobra.
PERFORMANCE: 2.6 L
- max speed in 1st gear: 30 mph, 48.3 km/h
- max speed in 2nd gear: 60 mph, 96.6 km/h
- max speed in 3rd gear: 95 mph, 152.9 km/h
- max speed in 4th gear: 125.0 mph, 201.2 km/h
- power-weight ratio: 10.1 lb/hP' 4.6 kg/hp
- acceleration: standing 1/4 mile 14.5 sec, 0—6.5 sec
- speed in direct drive at 1000 rpm: 21.6 mph 34.7 km/h
With the engine set well back in the chassis, the Ace handled well and was successful in competition.
AC was under the direction of famous racing driver and entrepreneur Selwyn Francis Edge from 1921 to 1929 and cars were raced, sprinted and hillclimbed widely with great success. The company suffered in the Depression years and was acquired by the Hurlock family in 1930. In 1947 production recommenced after the war with a range of high-performance saloon and three-wheeled invalid cars, and the Petite 350 cc motor-cycle- engined convertible. Then in 1953 the Hurlocks took up a twin-tube-chassis, Ted Whiteaway/jack Turner drove this AC Ace home in an astonishing seventh place overall behind four Ferraris and the victorious Aston Martins at Le Mans in 1959. all-independently suspended sports-car design by John Tojeiro, wearing a body modelled after that of the successful Ferrari 166 Barchetta sports-racing car. This was fitted with the famous AC six-cylinder engine and going into production as the AC Ace in 1954 it became a terrific success; a true 100 mph two- seat sports car in classical mould with the modern lines of a wheel-enclosing bodyshell. The Ace handled very well and achieved a long string of race successes in amateur events as well as proving itself a fine road-going sports car.
AC later adopted more powerful six-cylinder Bristol engines of 2 litres' and 2.2 litres' capacity and derived from the BIM YV 328; eventually they turned to the economy, reliability and adequate power of the 2.6-litre Dagenham Ford engine. Disc brakes became standard on the cars in 1960 and it was upon the pretty little Ace that Carroll Shelby based his Ford V8-engined conversion -the fearsome Shelby American Cobra.
The car raced at Le Mans in 1957 and 1958. Few cars with this provenance have survived and are extremely valuable. They can range from $100,000 or more for an unrestored car, even one in pieces, to in excess of $400,000 for a restored AC Ace.
When Bristol ceased building their 6-cylinder engine in 1961, AC's owner, Charles Hurlock, was approached by Carroll Shelby to use a Ford V8 in the Ace chassis, producing the AC Cobra in 1962. Production of the Ace ended the same year. The AC Cobra came in small block and later big block configurations. It was Ford's 289 that powered the winning car in the GT class at Le Mans in June 1964. At the time, the AC Cobra 427 was the fastest "production" car in the world.
AC Automotive, based in Straubenhardt, Germany still builds the AC under the original name. Cars are sold in Germany, France and England with sales in Luxembourg, Holland, Lichtenstein, Switzerland and Belgium slated for the future. Pricing for the standard ACGT model starts at £104,400 before options.
VARIATIONS AND OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES.
120 - 125 - 155 hp engines, overdrive cylinders, bore and stroke 2.56 x 3.94 in, x 100 mm, engine capacity cu in, 1991 cu cm,
3 SU type H 2 700 carburettors,
4-speed g mechanical gearbox
axle ratios 3.64 - 3.90
As with the Cobra, some AC Ace replicas have been made such as the Hawk Ace but are much rarer.
AC ACE Technical details and specifications 2.6 litre
- ENGINE CAPACITY: 156.14 cu in, 2553 cu cm;
- FUEL CONSUMPTION: 19.1 m imp gal, 15.9 m US gal, 14.8 1 x 100 km;
- MAX SPEED: 125.0 mph, 201.2 km h;
- Location front, 4 stroke
- cylinders: 6, vertical, in line
- bore and stroke: 3.25 x 3.15 in, 82.5 x 80.0 mm
- engine capacity: 156.14 cu in, 2553 cu cm
- compression ratio: 9.5 : 1
- max power (SAE): 170 hp at 5500 rpm
- max torque (SAE): 150 1b ft, 20.7 kgm at 3000 rpm
- specific power: 66.6 hp/l
- cylinder block: cast iron
- cylinder head: cast iron
- crankshaft bearings: 4
- valves: 2 per cylinder, overhead, in line, with push rods and rockers camshaft: 1, side
- lubrication: gear pump, filter in sump
- lubricating system capacity: 3.4 imp qt, 4.1 US qt, 3.9 1
- carburation: 3 Weber DCOE 2 twin-barrel carburettors
- fuel feed: mechanical pump
- cooling system: water
- driving wheels: rear
- clutch: single dry plate, hydraulically controlled
- gear box: mechanicalgears: 4 + reverse
- synchromesh gears: II, III, IV
- gear box ratios: (I) 2.97, (II) 1.74, (III) 1.20, (IV) 1, (Rev) 2.97
- gear lever location: central
- final drive: hypoid bevel; ratio: 3.64 : 1.
- Type Tubular
- front suspension: independent, wishbones, transverse leaf spring upper arms, telescopic dampers
- rear suspension: independent, wishbones, transverse leaf spring upper arms, telescopic dampers.
- cam and peg, damper
- adjustable height.
- disc front, rear drum.
- voltage: 12 V
- battery: 57 Ah
- dynamo: 360 W
- ignition distributor: Lucas
- headlights: 2 front.
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT:
- wheel base: 90.00 in, 2286 mm
- front track: 50.00 in, 1270 mm
- rear track: 50.00 in, 1270 mm
- overall length: 151.50 in, 3848 mm
- overall width: 59.05 in, 1500 mm
- overall height: 49.20 in, 1250 mm
- ground clearance: 7.00 in, 178 mm
- dry weight: 1745 1b, 791 mm
- distribution of weight: 47% front axle, 53% rear axle
- turning radius (between walls): 18.0 ft
© motorcar history
AC ACE Service details 2.6 litre
fuel: petrol, 100-105 Oct
engine sump oil: 3.1 imp qt, 3.7 Us qt, 3.5 1, SAE 30
gearbox oil: 1.2 imp qt, 1.5 US qt, 1.4 1, SAE 80
final drive oil: 1.5 imp qt, 1.8 Us qt, 1.7 1, SAE 90 EP
cooling system capacity: 8.4 imp qt, 10 US qt, 9.5 1.
Greasing: every 2500 miles, 4000 km, 14 points
tappet clearances: inlet 0.007 in, 0.18 mm, exhaust 0.010 in' 0.25 mm
tyre pressure (medium load): front 24 psi, 1.7 atm, rear 26 psi, 1.8 atm
fuel tank capacity: 12.00 imp gal, 14.26 US gal, 54 1.
© motorcar history