Citroën type H Van
4 cylinder petrol engines :
Diesel engines :
The Citroën Type H was a truck of the French car manufacturer Citroën , this replaced the Citroën TUB and the Citroën Type 32 .
In fall 1947, one year before the 2CV, the front-wheel-drive van H was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show. Different type designations were used depending on the permitted load (H, HY, HX, HW, HZ and 1600). All H models are commonly referred to as HY. Because it was produced for 33 years, from June 1948 to December 1981, the Type H was one of the most extensively used vans in France, though it was also produced in Belgium and the Netherlands. He was superseded by the Sevel-produced Citroen C25, which served as a Peugeot J5 and Fiat Ducato, among other things.
It evolved from the Citroen TUB, which was only produced in tiny numbers prior to WWII (which is why it is still called "Tub" in France ). Engine and transmission came from the sedan Traction Avant and later the DS , but in each case reversed installed - ie with the engine in front of the front axle and with opposite engine direction of rotation.
The self-supporting, planked with corrugated sheet metal body and the space-saving chassis with double wishbones front, parallel swinging rear and torsion bar suspension on both axles made possible a low loading edge. She was 35 cm above the ground.
The later model designations HX, HY, HW and HZ designated the variants with different payloads. The various extensions of wheelbase and overhang at the rear, which were built not by Citroën itself, but only by bodywork companies (French Carrossier such as Currus , Gruau , Heuliez or SAPA ), had the designations Modification A (40 centimeters overhang) to Modification F (1, 2 meter wheelbase extension and 60 cm overhang). Roof elevations were there with 10 centimeters (for ambulances ), 20 centimeters and 40 centimeters and each with ( avec capot)or without ( sans capot) raising the roof over the cab .
Ex factory, there was only the delivery truck with 4.28 meters in length and as a chassis with cab. In the public service, variants of type H were widely used, for example for the police , fire brigade , post office and as an ambulance. The offer of coachbuilder was primarily aimed at medium-sized companies, with covered wagon (with double cabin ), car carriers , low-floor trucks , sales vehicles , minibuses , refrigerated trucks , motor homes , livestock trucks, hearses , rolling laboratoriesand much more. There were also variants with the hydropneumatic suspension of the DS on the rear axle, most of them were ambulances from the Dutch coachbuilder Akkermans .
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