Volvo S60 First generation
|(2000 to 2009)|
|Assembly||Ghent, Belgium (Ghent Factory)
|Designer||Geza Loczi (1997)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan (S60)
5-door estate (V70)
|Platform||Volvo P2 platform|
|Related||Volvo S80 I
|Wheelbase||2,713 mm (106.8 in) (2001-02)
2,715 mm (106.9 in) (2003-08)
|Length||4,581 mm (180.4 in) (2001-05)
4,602 mm (181.2 in) (2006-08)
4,605 mm (181.3 in) (2003-05, R)
4,638 mm (182.6 in) (2006-08, R)
|Width||1,813 mm (71.4 in) (2001-05)
1,823 mm (71.8 in) (2006-08)
|Height||1,433 mm (56.4 in) (2001-08)
1,397 mm (55.0 in) (2003-05, R)
1,436 mm (56.5 in) (2006-07, R)
|Curb weight||1,462–1,552 kg (3,223–3,422 lb)|
The S60 was built on Volvo’s P2 platform, which was shared with other Volvo models like the S80, V70, XC70 and finally the XC90.
The Volvo S60 was released in 2000 (2001 model year) being the company's new generation sports sedan. The S60 is aimed to mainly compete with the BMW 3-Series (E46) and the Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W203). Unlike its rivals, the Volvo S60 continued production for 9 years with multiple facelifts. The S60 was refreshed in 2005. The exterior was updated with body-colored side moldings and bumpers with chrome linings, as well as new headlamps replacing the original with black housing. The interior received some updates as well, with new seats, trim, and an updated center console. The S60 went through a final facelift in 2008 with full body-colored bumper and door inserts and larger emblem in the front and larger spaced out "V-O-L-V-O" letters in the rear. The interior featured a new pattern upholstery which differs from its original pattern. The S60 came standard with Volvo's own radio unit, the HU-650 and an optional extra HU-850 unit. The HU-850 unit features a 225 or 335-watt power output (depending on optional external amplifier) with 3 presets: 2CH, 3CH and Dolby Digital Pro Logic II Surround Sound. The Four-C chassis from the S60 R became an option on some S60s. The T5 engine was also reengineered from 2.3 to 2.4 litres and received an increase of 10 bhp (7 kW; 10 PS), An extra Turbo in the D5 Model also increased the D5 Bhp from 163 bhp to 183 bhp.
S60 Police specification (UK & EU)
Police specification models came about through Volvo’s extensive work alongside the users of the vehicles and Police Fleet Management departments. As a result the Police specification vehicles have a striking difference from original showroom model. Firstly the suspension was up-rated to deal with the demands of Police work; this included fitting the front suspension of the D5 model variant (as the suspension was designed to deal with the heavier diesel engine). Nivomat self-levelling suspension was also fitted to the rear to ensure correct geometry of the vehicle, regardless of the weight carried. On early models, the clutch was also replaced with the stronger D5 unit.
A larger specification battery and 110A alternator was also fitted to run all the extra equipment, along with a dedicated Police fuse box in the boot. Extra wiring looms are also fitted specially for the Police radios and other equipment, including CCTV cameras. Additional electrical noise suppression has been added so as not to interfere with the sensitive electronics the police use.
The speedometers in the vehicles are calibrated from the factory and do not require recalibration unless the wheel and overall rolling diameters are changed.
305 mm (12.0 in) vented front disc brakes were also fitted alongside special brake pads (and wear indicators) specially designed to cope with high-speed pursuits.
During 2001–2004 the 2.3 litre T5 engine was used and in 2005-2009 the 2.4 litre T5 engine was used. Also beyond common speculation and myths, the engines are not chipped or modified specially for police use: they are complete factory spec but in 'exceptional cases' the speed limiter (215 km/h) may have been removed.
|Options: Equipment included on some trim levels|
2004 Volvo S60 R front view
First introduced in 2004, Volvo's S60 R used a Haldex all-wheel-drive system mated to a 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) / 400 N·m (300 lbf·ft) inline-5. The 2004–2005 models came with a 6-speed manual transmission, or an available 5-speed automatic which allowed only 258 lb·ft (350 N·m) torque in 1st and 2nd gears. The 2006–2007 models came with a 6-speed manual or 6-speed automatic transmission (which was no longer torque neutered).
Other aspects which set the R apart from standard S60s were the large Brembo front and rear four-piston brakes, 18-inch 5-spoke "Pegasus" wheels (available as an upgrade to the standard 17" wheels of the same design), blue faced "R" gauges, standard HID headlights, as well as the Four-C suspension system.
Four-C (a short name for "Continuously Controlled Chassis Concept") allows the user to select from three modes: Comfort, Sport, and Advanced. "Comfort" attempts to soften the car over bumps, while "Advanced" firms the suspension considerably and gives more aggressive throttle response - a setting Volvo implies is for use on the race track. This is accomplished through a drive by wire throttle, allowing the same pedal travel to result in different performance when the appropriate mode is selected, electronically-controlled shock absorbers that can adjust themselves 500 times a second, and a complex series of sensors throughout the body of the vehicle. Volvo collaborated with high-tech system developer Ohlins Racing AB and shock absorber manufacturer Monroe for the self-adjusting shock absorbers.
The Rs had three interior color options: Nordkap (metallic dark blue), Gobi (light tan metallic) and a R-only leather option; Atacama, available for an additional charge. It was an unpainted, orangey-coloured natural leather with a baseball glove thickness and feel.
The small trunk lid spoiler that was standard on the S60 R created a 20% increased downforce at the rear wheels at high speeds compared to the standard S60s. The S60 Rs have a 0.29 coefficient of drag, compared to the standard S60's 0.28, due to the larger lower front bumper spoiler to support the secondary intercooler.
Another Volvo factory option for only the S60 R was a body kit which included front bumper splitters, side skirts and a rear valance, color matched to the body. The body kit was only available with certain body colors and in certain markets.
The S60 R continued the tradition of "R" cars for Volvo beginning in 1995 with the introduction of the 850 T-5 R.
Performance S60 R
|Top Speed||155 mph|
|0-60 mph||5.5 secs|
|CO2 Emissions||256 g/km|
|Euro Emissions Standard||3|
|Miles Per Tank||388 miles|
2004 Volvo S60 R interior view
- 2.4: 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp), 220 N·m (160 lb·ft), petrol
- 2.4: 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp), 230 N·m (170 lb·ft), petrol
- 2.0T: 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp), petrol, turbo
- 2.0T: 132 kW (179 PS; 177 hp), 240 N·m (180 lb·ft), petrol, turbo
- 2.4T: 147 kW (200 PS; 197 hp), 285 N·m (210 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2001–2003)
- 2.5T: 155 kW (211 PS; 208 hp), 320 N·m (240 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2004–2009)
- T5 2.3: 184 kW (250 PS; 247 hp), 330 N·m (240 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2001–2004)
- T5 2.4: 191 kW (260 PS; 256 hp), 350 N·m (260 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2005–2009)
- R 6-speed man: 224 kW (305 PS; 300 hp), 400 N·m (300 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2004–2007)
- R 5-speed aut: 224 kW (305 PS; 300 hp), 350 N·m (260 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2004–2005)
- R 6-speed aut: 224 kW (305 PS; 300 hp), 400 N·m (300 lb·ft), petrol, turbo (2006–2007)
- D (2006–2009): 93 kW (126 PS; 125 hp), 300 N·m (220 lb·ft), diesel, turbo
- 2.4D (2001–2005): 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp), 280 N·m (210 lb·ft), diesel, turbo
- 2.4D (2006–2009): 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp), 340 N·m (250 lb·ft), diesel, turbo
- D5 (2001–2005): 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp), 340 N·m (250 lb·ft), diesel, turbo
- D5 (2006–2009): 136 kW (185 PS; 182 hp), 400 N·m (300 lb·ft), diesel, turbo
- 2.4 Bi-Fuel CNG: 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp), 192 N·m (142 lb·ft), CNG/petrol
- 2.4 Bi-Fuel LPG: 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp), 192 N·m (142 lb·ft), LPG/petrol
Volvo S60 R rear view