|Assembly||Sweden: Kalmar (VKA)
Canada: Halifax (VHA)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
|Engine||2.3 L B23ET 173 hp (129 kW) turbo I4
2.3 L B230ET 182 hp (136 kW) turbo I4
2.3 L B230FT 156/165 hp turbo I4
2.8 L B28F 130 hp (97 kW) V6
2.8 L B280E 170 hp (130 kW) V6
2.8 L B280F 147 hp (110 kW) V6
2.4 L D24TIC 115 hp (86 kW) turbodiesel I6
AW71 automatic (4-speed)
AW72L automatic (4-speed, lockup torque converter)
ZF4HP22 automatic (4-speed, lockup torque converter)
|Wheelbase||2,770 mm (109 in)|
|Length||1982-87: 4,800 mm (190 in)
1988-1990: 188.4 in (4,790 mm)
|Width||1982-87: 1,750 mm (69 in)
1988-1990: 69.3 in (1,760 mm)
|Height||1,410 mm (56 in)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (Estate)
|Curb weight||1,360–1,510 kg (3,000–3,330 lb)|
The 760 was Volvo's attempt to cement a place in the prestige market, after building a reputation for being solid and safe rather than out-and-out luxurious cars. Jan Wilsgaard, head of Volvo's Design and Styling team, proposed over 50 new designs for the new car.
It was introduced to the US in 1982 for the 1983 model year as the 760 GLE sedan, having been launched in Sweden in February 1982. An estate model would follow in 1985.
This new design was criticized by the media when released: Gordon Murray of Autocar Magazine said, "To me it's obscene! That goes right against the grain of what everybody else is trying to do. To me it looks like a European version of a North American car. It produces the same amount of power as a 2600 or 3500 — in this day and age it disgusts me to see something about like that. It's a definite step backwards." All that changed however when Autocar and Car & Driver got their hands on a turbo intercooled 760; they said it was one of the best handling and fastest accelerating cars they had seen in a while, going from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in under 8 seconds.
Turbocharged and intercooled variants were added in 1984, station wagon variants and the 740 (the 760's lower-specification sibling) were introduced for the 1985 model year. In 1985 Electronic Traction Control system was introduced. Unlike the lesser 740, the 760 received standard anti-lock brakes (ABS) in many models.
1987 Volvo 760
For the 1988 model year, the 760 received numerous updates. From the outside, the most noticeable of the over 2,000 changes were the revised front sheet metal, including an aluminium hood, recessed windscreen wipers, and new aerodynamic headlights. Inside, all 760s were equipped with a new electronic climate control (ECC), a revised dashboard, three-position tilt steering, and a new stereo system. Underneath, sedans received the same multi-link independent rear suspension that was used on the 780. Along with the revised dash, the interior saw the addition of a revised dome light and many fabric accent pieces.
The Volvo 760 was used as a police car in several countries. East German leader Erich Honecker often used this Volvo in his governmental car pool.
For 1990, its final year of production, 760 sedans received taillights in the style of the Volvo 780 and minor interior changes. The 760 was discontinued after the 1990 model year (with production ending on 27 June 1990), replaced by the Volvo 960, an evolutionary update of the 760 chassis. The Volvo 740 outlived the 760, remaining for another two years, finally being discontinued in 1992 when the 850 was launched.
The Volvo 760 was built in Kalmar, Sweden, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, or Ghent, Belgium.
1982 Volvo 760 rear view