Volvo S40 First generation
|1995 to 2004|
|Assembly||Born, Netherlands (NedCar) Rayong, Thailand Pretoria, South Africa Shah Alam, Malaysia|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan 5-door station wagon (as V40)|
|Related||Mitsubishi Carisma Proton Waja|
1.6 L I4 1.8 L I4 1.9 L turbocharged I41.9 L diesel I4 2.0 L I4 2.0 L turbocharged I4 Standard in North American models and only available in North America rebadged as 1.9T
4-speed automatic 5-speed manual5-speed automatic
|Wheelbase||2000–01: 2550 mm (100.3 in) 2002–04: 2557 mm (101 in)|
|Length||2000–01: 4470 mm (176 in) 2002–04: 4521 mm (178 in)|
|Width||2000–01: 1720 mm (67.7 in) 2002–04: 1717 mm (67.6 in)|
|Height||2000–01: 1410 mm (55.5 in) 2002–04 S40: 1423 mm (56 in) 2002–04 V40: 1426 mm (56.1 in)|
In the summer of 1995 Volvo released the S4/F4 series but had to change the model's name as it conflicted with Audi who had already reserved the "S4" name. The quickly renamed S40 saloon (sedan) and V40 (Ferrari objected to F40) estate (station wagon), manufactured at the NedCar factory in the Netherlands (a pre-Ford joint venture between Volvo and Mitsubishi Motors) and based on a common platform with the Mitsubishi Carisma. The V40, with Drag coefficient of 0.32,was the first whole model to be introduced under the direction of the British designer Peter Horbury, Volvo’s Design Director, and was marketed in Australia, North and South America, and the Far East. The V40 was named the ‘Most Beautiful Estate Car in the World’ at an Italian award ceremony.
In 2000 Volvo updated the 40 Series ("Phase II"), implementing a number of technical improvements, e.g., improved engine management, direct (diesel) fuel injection, extra safety features, larger brake discs, new front suspension and steering, revised rear suspension, larger tires and a widening of the track width. A minor facelift gave larger headlights, more streamlining and larger rear light clusters as well as minor instruments and fascia re-design.
The 40 Series cars were equipped with four-cylinder engines, such as a 1.9 turbo diesel or 1.6 (1588 cc), 1.8 (1731 cc, later increased to 1783cc), 2.0T (1948 cc), 1.9 T4 (1855 cc, later increased to 1948cc) or 2.0 (1948 cc) fuel-injected gasoline engines all of which are derivatives of the modular whiteblock engine series that started life in the Volvo 960 and carried in both 5 and 6 cyl formats in Volvo's bigger FWD cars. There was also a 1.8 L (1834 cc) Gasoline direct injection engine provided by Mitsubishi as part of the platform sharing between the 40 series and the Carisma.
The Volvo S40/V40 series was a completely new car from the ground up, with no engines, with the exception of the 1.9 Turbo Diesel engine carried over from the old 400 series.
The low (2.0T) and high (1.9 T4) pressure turbo variants were positioned at the top of the motor range. The 2.0T was rounded down and badged as 1.9T and was the only engine available in North America. The 5 speed manual transmission, widely available in Europe was not certified in North American S40s, with the 5 Speed automatic as the only option. No electric CVT transmission was planned unlike the 440 HTA / High Tech Auto CVT that had been released before the 400 series was completely phased out.
In the United Kingdom, trim levels were XS, SE and CD.
A racing version (S40) was introduced in the British Touring Car Championship in 1997 and in 1998 the car, with Rickard Rydell, took the championship. It was also used in the Swedish Touring Car Championship.
Due to the common platform, many components of the suspension and drive train are compatible with Carisma as well as the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution III, and Proton Waja.
The Volvo S40 was the first car to earn four stars in Euro-NCAP.