Toyota Land Cruiser First generation
|1990 to 1996|
|Body and chassis|
In April 1990, a new type was introduced. The front grille, front fenders and engine hood were redesigned. The head lamp design changed as well. At the same time the sub name Prado was attached, but names like Land Cruiser and Land Cruiser II were still used in other parts of the world besides Japan. Meaning plain or field in Portuguese, Prado the new line from Land Cruiser was marketed toward more on-road purposes, despite a body on frame design which was highly capable off-road.
In Europe it is sold as simply the Toyota Land Cruiser LC3, LC4 or LC5 (depending on the generation) or with the number series designation (LC 70, LC 90 and LC 120). In North America it is not part of the Land Cruiser range, as the Toyota 4Runner replaces the Land Cruiser Prado's affordable trim levels, while the expensive trim levels are instead sold as the Lexus GX 470, with nearly identical body panels and a V8 engine.
In Japan it came with electronic fuel injection and a four speed automatic transmission. The 2.4 L turbo diesel engine with 71 kW (97 PS; 95 hp) and 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) high torque unit was installed. The line up included 2-door and 4-door versions available in SX, LX or EX (4 door only) grades of trim.
The front suspension was changed to a "shock absorber through spring" design to improve handling. With the touch of a button you could switch between stages of absorber. The 22R gasoline engine was upgraded to the 22R-E (electronic fuel injection) engine, the diesel engines were replaced by the 2.8 L (2776 cc) 3L engine, and the 2.4 L (2446 cc) 2L-T turbo diesel engine was replaced by the electronically injected 2L-TE turbo diesel engine. In 1993, the 22R-E gasoline engine was replaced by the 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-FE gasoline engine and the 2L-TE turbo diesel engine was replaced by the 3.0 L (2982 cc) 1KZ-TE turbo diesel engine with aluminium cylinder head. The 1KZ-TE was able to reduce NOx and soot. The dash board was replaced with a new design with minor changes to suspension, brakes, and trim details.