Subaru Leone 2nd generation
|Production||1979-1989 (BRAT continued through 1993)|
|Body style||2-door coupé 4-door sedan 5-door station wagon 2-door pickup truck 3-door hatchback|
|Layout||front-wheel drive four-wheel drive optional|
|Engine||1.6 L H4 OHV EA71 1.8 L H4 OHV EA81 1.8 L Turbo H4 OHV EA81|
|Transmission||3-speed automatic 4-speed manual 5-speed manual|
|Wheelbase||2,370 mm (93.3 in)|
|Length||3,980 mm (156.7 in)|
|Width||1,620 mm (63.8 in)|
|Height||1,415 mm (55.7 in)|
|Curb weight||930 kg (2,100 lb)|
In June 1979 the Leone saw its first complete model update. This generation was released with a two-door hardtop coupe, four-door sedan, station wagon and a three-door hatchback. The United States did not see this generation until 1980.
New for this generation was a dual-range four-speed 4WD transmission with both hi and lo range gearing. In November 1981 Subaru introduced Japan's first all-wheel-drive vehicle with an automatic transmission, utilizing the world's first "wet hydraulic multi-plate clutch". This allowed the driver to engage 4WD with a simple push of a button rather than shifting a lever as in the manual models. The electric switch activated a solenoid that pushed the clutch plates together, thereby engaging the driveshaft to the rear wheels.
A new 1.8 L EA81 engine was added in 1980. In November 1983, a turbocharger with optional multi-port fuel injection was also added to the BRAT and Turbo Wagon models. They were only available with an automatic transmission and 3.70:1 gearing. In Japan the top-spec 1800 GTS sedan was the first Subaru to offer air conditioning, power windows, and power steering.