From 1961 to 1978
The Simca 1000 is from 1961 to 1978 produced small passenger car of the French car manufacturer Simca . Simca had built since the 1950 produced Simca 6 no small car more.
Presented was the four-door sedan (length 3.80 m, width 1.49 m, four doors, self-supporting body) at the Paris Motor Show in the autumn of 1961. The functional-looking body offered above-average space. The body was Mario Revelli di Beaumontdesigned. The rear-engined engine was new to Simca, based on the collaboration with Fiat , which had designed a slightly larger successor to the Fiat 600. But a common construction was nothing, because in France the requirements for a small car differed from those in Italy. So developed Fiat from the Fiat 600 the - again two-door -Fiat 850 , Simca designed the four-door Simca 1000 with a modern engine with 5 CV , five-bearing crankshaft, cross-flow cylinder head, but still with side camshaft. He had a displacement of 944 cc and initially made 32 hp (24 kW). He was later used with larger displacement in the Simca 1100and its successors. The four-speed gearbox was fully synchronized from the beginning. The suspension with wishbone and transverse leaf spring front and swing axle rear reminded of Fiat. The steering worked with snail and roller , from 1969 there was a rack and pinion steering . The little later released Renault 8 was very similar to the Simca 1000 both technically and externally.
- 1962: At the salon of Geneva, the Simca 1000 Coupé Bertone is presented. The coupe was designed by Giorgio Giugiaro .
- 1963: The Simca 900 will be introduced in November (simple version of the Simca 1000 ).
- 1965: The Simca 1000 GL automatic is introduced.
- 1966: The model year 1966 is characterized by a revision of the interior of the 1000er models (new dashboard). The model year 66 consists of the types: 1000L (replaced the 900), 1000 GL, 1000 GL automatic and the GLS.
- 1967: In June, the Simca 1200 S Coupé Bertone (based on the 1000) replaces the 1000 Coupé. It had a 1204 cc engine with twin carburettors and disc brakes on all wheels.
- 1968: The Simca 1000 receives a facelift with larger headlights and modified turn signals and taillights. The 1000 special is presented. It has the engine of the Simca 1100 with 1118 cc displacement and makes 52 hp (38 kW).
- 1969: The engine power is increased to 40 (29), that of the special to 54 hp (40 kW).
- 1972: The Simca 1100 GLS is now also available with automatic transmission.
- 1973: The engine with 40 hp power is set.
- 1976: The series is revised for the last time and receives a new bonnet and new headlights.
- In April 1978, production was discontinued after 1,650,000 units. Originally, it was planned to discontinue the production of the Simca 1100 and to replace this model with the Simca Horizon . Since, however, with the SUV precursor Matra-Simca Rancho and the 1100 City Truck anyway the production was maintained partially, the Simca 1100 appeared in a revised form and with cheaper price to offer a starter model as a replacement for the Simca 1000 can. After Simca now belonged to Chrysler Europe and 1978 was taken over by PSA Peugeot Citroën , there was only in 1981 with the Talbot Samba a successor.
Models Rally 1-3
- 1970: The Simca 1000 Rallye 1 with 60 hp (44 kW) is presented. Its engine has 76.7 mm bore and 70 mm stroke, giving 1294 cc of displacement. Characteristic of the rally models are the two rally crosswalks, which are pulled across the rear and the matt black boot lid in front. They are available in orange, yellow and white.
- 1972: The Simca 1000 Rallye 2 with the same displacement, but a Solex twin carburetor and 82 hp (60 kW) will be presented in September. Mostly in the yellow-green (rally green) and in orange livery appeared, it differs externally compared to the Rallye 1 only by the Rallye 2 lettering, as well as slightly larger Cibie auxiliary headlights and rubber buffers on the front bumper. The radiator was placed in the front of the bow for better weight distribution. In addition, the Rally 2 also received Lockheed disc brakes on all 4 wheels. Specifically, the Michelin tires with a rubberized formula France rubber compound, which allowed the car despite the narrow tires of 145 × 13 good braking deceleration and cornering speeds.
- 1976: The Rallye 2, which is available in the colors poison green and red, has a spoiler lip at the rear as well as a black bonnet and a rally lettering drawn to the side. The engine power of the 1294 cc engine is increased from 82 to 86 hp (63 kW). The 1000 series now consists of 1005 (5 CV, 944 cc, 41 hp), 1006 (6 CV, 1118 cc, 54 hp) and the 1000 SR, Rallye 1 and Rallye 2 (with 7 VC, 1294 cc, 60 hp) ,
- 1978: In January, the Simca 1000 Rallye 3 is marketed as the last model of the series mainly in the color Ibiza white. The riveted fender flares give the Simca a much beefier appearance. Two twin carburetors from Weber increase the engine output to 103 hp (76 kW) at a speed of 6200 rpm. The top speed is 183 km / h, the car weighing 870 kg can accelerate from 0 to 100 km / h in 10.5 seconds. However, Rallye 3 produced only 1000 copies. Many Rally 2 were rebuilt in the aftermath of Rallye 3.