Fabrika automobila Priboj (FAP)
Automotive manufacture Priboj,Serbia. Produced from 1952
Fabrika automobila Priboj (Корпорација Фабрика Аутомобила Прибој а.д. / Korporacija Fabrika Automobila Priboj a.d.) was a Yugoslav SFRJ now a Serbian automotive manufacturer of trucks and buses founded in 1952. Initially producing licensed copies of Saurer trucks, it now produces Mercedes-Benz NG trucks under license.
The Automotive factory from the 1960s
Founded in 1952 by decree of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia SFRJ. On 30 October 1953, the first trucks were produced based on licence from Saurer. Models were 4G and 6G (4 and 6 tonnes). In 1959 factory was extended and capacity growth on 3600 vehicles per year. In 1961 vehicles and engines manufacturers cluster "ITV" was formed with FAP as member. First domestically designed FAP vehicles where FAP 10B and FAP 15B introduced in serial production by 1965. The FAP 18B was made with a Leyland engine licence built by FAMOS. In 1970 a production, technical and financial cooperation contract was signed with Daimler-Benz. First product from FAP based on contract with Daimler-Benz was LP1113 and it was followed by MB 1213 and O 302. By 1975 new manufacturing plant with 50.000 square meters was built and 150 new machines installed. New projected capacity was 10.000 vehicles/year. Licence contract with Mercedes-Benz was extended in 1976. for production of vehicle from 12 to 26 tonnes weight; many new vehicles are produced like FAP 1616, 1620, 1626, 1921, 1926, 2226 and 2626. With collaboration of FAP with Military Technical Institute Belgrade in 1978 it is developed special military vehicles FAP 2026/6×6 and it is produced in following years in different variants to satisfy various roles in military.
1950s Fap Truck
FAP was producing many different chassis that were used in factories in Zagreb, Skopje, Belgrade as bases for producing buses and other vehicles. In 1986 licence with Mercedes-Benz was extended for producing 12-26 tonnes gross vehicle weight. In 1984 FAP was again extending factory in newly built industrial zone "Manovica". By their own design center trailers where developed from 20–70 tonnes gross weight. Until 1991 FAP had 16,468 square meters of factory space. Trucks and other FAP products were exported worldwide. The strongest one of the all FAP trucks was FAP 3642 which could resist 75 tons of the load.
1950s Fap Diesel Engine
On May 30th 2016. Fabrika automobila Priboj is no longer under state protection and as it is does not exist any more. FAP is closed.
Export success and International expedition
On July, 15th 1970 FAP started production and financial cooperation, with other Yugoslavian enterprises: "FAMOS" (SR Bosnia and Herzegovina), "Autokaroserija" (SR Croatia), "11 oktomvri" (SR Macedonia). On international plan, FAP achieved export on African market: Egypt, Tanzania, Sudan, Tunis, Libya, Nigeria and Sudan.
Endurance of the FAP trucks was tested in the Gobi Desert during 1995-1996 expedition "Putevi sveta (On Pathways of the World")". It is FAP 2026 GC/B 6X6 which was produced in cooperation with Ikarbus. Aim of this expedition was to cross roat Priboj-Belgrade-Moscow-Ulan Bator-Beijing-Dalyan-Belgrade-Priboj. This aim was accomplished for only 139 days in the winter season.
FAP offers many variants of vehicles, with different engines manufactured by Mercedes-Benz, Cummins, MAN and Famos, FAP is producing vehicles for domestic use and export. Exported vehicles can be found in many countries worldwide like Egypt, Nigeria, Libya, Sudan, Syria, etc.
Finnish truck maker Sisu Auto has placed offer to buy FAP in 2014 Sisu is specializing in heavy trucks and military vehicles, currently it has switched to Daimler engines and cabins, while using MB and Fuller gearboxes.