Salmson 2300 car history
|Production||1953 to 1957|
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||2327cc Four Cylinder|
Salmson 2300 Built: Paris, France,from 1953 to 1957
There were twin overhead camshaft engines at Salmson from the very birth of the company in 1921, and the largest four-cylinder type, of more than two-litres, was first seen in the 1930s. It was this engine, in its largest and most highly tuned form, which was the motive power for the Salmson 2300 Coupe, which first appeared at the Paris Motor Show in 1953,
Pre-war models had been re-introduced in 1946, after the war, but in 1951 Salmson then announced the Randonnee model, in which the long-stroke twin-cam engine had been completely redesigned, and was 1101b. lighter than before due to the extensive use of light-alloy castings and components. The Randonnee, however, was a bulky four-door quality saloon, and was by no means a sporting machine. The 2300 which followed in 1953 was rather different. In chassis terms, the 2300 used a similar layout, with a separate frame having box section sidemembers, with the twin-cam engine enlarged to 2327cc (the Randonnee, with an 82mm. bore, had a 2248cc engine), and with the four-speed Cotal electro-magnetic gearbox. The front suspension, by longitudinal torsion bars, was very much in the Salmson tradition, and the Randonnee's cantilever leaf springs and torque tube transmission were used, but in a much shorter wheelbase.
At first, the only body style offered was a smart fixed head coupe, but Salmson also offered an open-top derivative from 1955. Both were quick little cars, more successful in rallying rather than in racing, but of course the price was rather high, and this depressed demand. In spite of the smart styling, the French public realised that they were being offered something of an old mechanical design underneath. The end was in sight after Renault took over the Billancourt factory in 1956, and the last Salmson of all was built early in 1957. Only 227 of the 2300 Grande Tourisme models were built in just over three years.
Engine and transmission: Four-cylinders, in-line, with twin overhead camshaft cylinder head. Bore, stroke and capacity 84 x 105mm., 2327cc. Maximum power 110bhp (gross) at 5000rpm. Maximum torque 1231b.ft. at 3000rpm. Four-speed electromagnetic gearbox in unit with engine. Spiral bevel final drive. Chassis: Front engine, rear drive. Separate pressed steel chassis frame, with box-section sidemembers. Independent front suspension by torsion bars and wishbones. Rack and pinion steering. Suspension of rear live axle by cantilever leaf springs, and torque tube. Front and rear drum brakes.
Bodywork: Separate steel bodyshell, in two-door close coupled four-seater fastback coupe style. Length 14ft. 5.6in.; width 5ft. 5.5in.; height 4ft. 5.1in.; unladen weight 26851b.
Performance: Maximum speed 99mph. 0-60mph 13.0sec. Standing IA-mile 19.8sec. Typical fuel consumption 22mpg.