Russian Automotive manufacture Chelyabinsk Oblast ,Russia From 1941 onward
The Urals Automotive Plant, Open Stock Company, UralAZ is a major Russian manufacturer of off-road trucks under the Ural (Cyrillic: "Урал") brand and is part of the GAZ group. Located in the city of Miass, Chelyabinsk Oblast in the Ural Mountains, the plant was established in 1941 when the ZiS truck plant was evacuated from Moscow during World War II
1940s ZIS-5 Truck
In the autumn of 1941 Soviet leaders decided to build a plant for the manufacture of military trucks named after Stalin : ZIS in Miass, Chelyabinsk Oblast in the Urals.
Since April 1942 the factory has produced engines and gearboxes. On July 8 1944 the first truck ZIS-5V was built under the brand UralZIS. The new factory became the Ural branch of ZIS UralZIS and was named after Joseph Stalin. At the end of the war the ZIS-5 was considered simple and robust, and thus remained in production for many years. In 1947 the factory started to manufacture newer models.
In 1946 the production version of the gas-21A UralZIS 2.5t began to be fabricated. The truck was produced under the brand UralZIS-352. In 1949 the 5th version of UralZIS was equipped with hydraulic brakes.
A new model, the UralZIS-355, was released in 1956. However, in 1958 the new version of the ZIS-5 was made available for deliveries to Kazakhstan and remained in production until October 16 1963 as an AMO-3 bypass Fiat.
The scientific institute of automotive standardization of Moscow had been working on a new SUV. Production of this type of truck had been assigned to the Ural factory – UralAZ – who got the brand new Ural. The factory had been rebuilt since 1961 and production of the Ural-375 (6x6) 5 t for the army was intensified. For this truck, a new engine was developed. The 1960s were a period of great success for the brand UralAZ which won, for its quality products in large quantities, the Order of the Red Banner of Labour. UralAZ celebrated the total production of 530,000 trucks and 1.3 mln engines. In 1972 and 1975 the two vehicles appeared Ural-375H-377H and the Ural. The manufacture of 6x4 versions continued until 1983.
In 1977, a new 5-tonne truck Ural-4320 was created. KamAZ petrol engine replaced the Ural-375-740 V8 diesel KamAZ (10852 cm3, 210HP). In 1981, based on a 4320 model truck 8 t the Ural-5920 was presented with a Caterpillar engine.
In 1987, UralAZ celebrated its millionth truck. Governmental industry reorganization and economic reforms forced UralAZ to become a private limited company and turn to the production of civilian vehicles. The models 43204 and 55571 emerged due to this.
Since June 1992 production of 6 t truck Ural-4322 (6x6) started with a new more contemporary cabin. It was equipped with the Ural-744 air cooled V8 engine with an output of 234 HP, diesel Kustanay (KDZ), a manufacturer of Deutz engines under license.
A fire occurred in the spring of 1993 at the engine plant KamAZ and seriously disrupted production. As a result, the company had to search for other engine suppliers.
UralAZ was traditionally oriented only to Russian companies, but began a collaboration with the Italian manufacturer Iveco in 1992. The first result of this joint venture model was presented in May of that year, which was the UralAZ-330-18t Iveco 30ANW (6x6) with a 306 HP, air-cooled diesel engine. Its Iveco chassis is imported.
The creation of the JV-UralAZ IVECO in 1994 allowed the small series production of the range of previously imported heavy trucks. The production of advanced IVECO cabins began in 1997.
UralAZ, like all Russian manufacturers, traditionally maintains a wide range for military off-road drive permanent. Besides the military versions of 43,206 trucks (4x4) and 4320-31 (6x6), UralAZ continuous production of 9 t trucks Ural-5323 (8x8).
Since 1997, military vehicles also provide the basis for civilian versions – universal frame of 15-t 53236 for the installation of special equipment. The truck 5323-22 (8x8) has cabins and advanced IVECO IVECO engine with two berths.
That same year the 6301 chassis (6x6) was presented with a payload of 10 t with the same cabin. As desired by the buyer, it is possible to install a V6 diesel engine Deutz liquid cooled with a capacity of 272,240 HP, the KamAZ-740.et gearboxes UralAZ, Eaton and Fuller .
Currently, the future of UralAZ is closely related to the creation of new models. UralAZ has a production capacity of 30,000 trucks. Depending on the evolution of the Russian market, production was reduced to 7,000, then 5,400. In 1998, UralAZ sold only 2,489 chassis and the factory came under the procedure of bankruptcy.
Collaboration between UralAZ and IVECO began in 1992.
In May the first result of joint activity was represented: the Iveco UralAZ 330-30ANW (6x6) with a gross weight of 33.5 ton. It has a diesel air-cooled 306hp V8 engine Deutz. The vehicle was designed for an arctic climate with temperatures of -55 °C. The contribution of the Russian partner has been limited. The new vehicle replaces the Magirus-Deutz-2900-26K, developed in the 70s under the brand IVECO-Magirus and whose production was stopped in Europe many years ago. This became the basis of the production range of the new joint venture.
Iveco-UralAZ formed in late 1994 with a production capacity of 3600 vehicles per year. All production features the logo IVECO-UralAZ on the radiator grille. However, in the technical press Russian vehicles are frequently called Ural-Iveco. The first truck is the cab-IVECO-UralAZ 5531, closely derived from the Iveco 330. Its composition allows for a road train of 60 t, as well as the tractor-trailer and truck 55311 6x4 or 6x6..
In 1997, a new cab appeared, the 6329 EuroTrakker, with several standard sizes. It replaced the old cab Fiat VI. The cabin is further forwards on the chassis. The short version of the car is used on trucks and semitrailer tractors for local transport. The 63291 has the main tractor cabin with two berths. The PTR of the entire road is 56 t with a maximum speed of 103 km/h. Annual production was increased to 9000. IVECO EuroTech is no longer manufactured in Western Europe.
In 2008, the ownership structure evolved and the Italian manufacturer Iveco became the majority owner. The General Meeting of April 7, 2009 decided to name the new company "Iveco-UralAZ" (Ru:Уралаз-Ивеко) which was renamed "Iveco-AMT" (Ru:Ивеко-АМТ) in April 16, 2009.
Iveco-AMT introduced brand new trucks named IVECO Trakker. "AMT" means: Automobile / HAI M / Turin. This is based on the locations of the two plants. The assembly is performed in the city of Miass, Chelyabinsk region, and component production takes place in Turin.
In 2015 production began of the first completely new truck for a long time. Cabine module of Ural Next unified with GAZ Gazelle NEXT LCV. The engine has increased power (312 hp). AWD system management became electro-pneumatic push-button. The lighting equipment uses LEDs. The instrument panel is an LCD display, and there is the USB-port. The basic package includes: electric power windows, central door lock with remote control, audio system with control buttons on the steering wheel, exterior mirrors with heating, air suspended driver's seat, heated fuel filter and fuel in-line, adjustable height steering wheel, and on-board computer. Additional optional equipment includes ABS, air conditioning, locking of differential, auxiliary fuel tank, engine block heater, and a set of door pockets.