ARO ( Auto România )
ARO ( Auto România ) was a state-owned car manufacturer in Romania . The plant was located on an area of about 46 hectares () on the European Route 574 in the north of the city Câmpulung in Argeş County .
With the model "IMS 57", an abbreviation named after the state enterprise I ntereprinderea M etalurgică de S tat and the year of the production start (1957), began the production of the ARO SUVs. The vehicle was an evolution of the Soviet SUV GAZ-69 . From 1957 to 1959 about 1500 vehicles were completed. The model IMS 57 had a weight of 1615 kg (650 kg load), and was supported by a 50 hp 3.26-liter, four-cylinder gasoline engine. The average consumption of the IMS 57 was 24 liters per 100 km; the maximum speed at 80 km / h.
In 1961 began with the project of the type "M 461", which was produced in 1964 in series. In 1965, ARO succeeded in selling 53,000 vehicles to 55 countries on the international market
ARO M461 4x4 jeep
In the program of the brand ARO were only off-road vehicles . Until about 1981 these vehicles could only be bought in Romania by a few private persons, most of them were acquired by the Romanian military. Even after 1981, private individuals could acquire these vehicles only with the permission of the Ministry of Economy or Ceauşescus to almost three times the regular price. Due to poor business conditions of the former Romanian financial institution Bancorex , the company got into financial difficulties in the 1990s.
Several attempts to privatize the company , however, were rejected by the Romanian government. In September 2003, the company was authorized by the APAPS (Autoritatea pentru Privatizare şi Administrarea Proprietăţii Statului to German: Authority for Privatization and Management of State Property ) to John Perez, chairman of an alleged car company Cross Lander USA awarded. At the time that existed Cross Lander in the US yet. In Brazil, Perez built a new plant in which the imported CKD Assemblies from Romania were equipped with domestic engines. In 2004, Perez sold parts of the ARO works with the approval of the State Privatization and Administration Authority .
On June 15, 2006, the ARO plant filed for bankruptcy, after which the property was gradually sold to different companies.
- IMS 57 (1957-1959): 50 hp
- ARO M 59 (1959-1964): 50 horsepower at 2800 min
- ARO M 461 (1964-1969): 70 horsepower
- ARO M 461 C (1969 to 1975): 77 hp
- ARO M 473 (1976-1978): 80 hp
- ARO 244 (1972-1997): 75 to 90 hp
- ARO 244 (since 1997): 75 to 145 hp
- ARO 10 (1980-2006, 54 to 106 hp)
- ARO 10 Spartana (since 1997, 62 hp)
- ARO Dragon (1997, military vehicle)
Automotive manufacturer Romania From 1957 to 2006.