Peugeot 104 car history
|Production||1972 to 1988|
|Also called|| Citroën LN / LNA |
|Total production||1 624 992|
|Body and chassis|
|Body styles||Hatchback sedan,|
|Engine and Powertrain|
|Engine sizes||954 ,1 124 , 1 360|
|Engine location||Front transversal|
|Transmission||4-5 speed Manual|
|Cooling||Air ,water cooled|
|Weights and Dimensions|
|Wheelbase||2,230 to 2,419 mm|
|Length||3,300 to 3,580 mm|
|Height||Sedan: 1,390 mm |
Coupe: 1,340 mm
The 104 is a small French car built by Peugeot in Mulhouse .It was first launched in a four-door, two-door sedan and then in three-door coupe. This one knew sports declensions. The 104 served as a base for Citroën LN / LNA, Citroën Visa and Talbot Samba . In 1972 , the sedan is the shortest 4-door in the world. the small car 104, only 3.62 m long, was presented. Paolo Martin had designed the body shape. Originally, the car was only available as a four-door hatchback sedan with a small trunk lid. In August 1973 a slightly shorter three-door coupe variant with a smaller wheelbase than 104 Z was added. The coupé was also available with Citroën air-cooled boxer engines as Citroën LN and LNA.
In the 104 also had a newly developed four-cylinder - aluminum - engine Premiere, in which Peugeot adopted many features from the drive of the larger model 204. The 104 had on the one hand a very complex and modern engine with an aluminum engine block, V-shaped hanging valves and chain-driven overhead camshaft, but on the other hand it did not follow the construction established by Saab with the gearbox on the side next to the engine, but the outdated design philosophy with the gearbox under the engine and a common oil supply for the transmission and engine. In order to save on the overall height, the drive block was installed at an angle of 72 degrees so that the spare wheel could still be accommodated in the engine compartment. The engine developed an output of 33 kW (45 hp) from 954 cm³, the version with 1124 cm³ an output of 39 kW (53 hp).
As part of the facelift in July 1976, the four-door car was also available as a five-door car with a large tailgate for an additional charge
In 1975 Peugeot developed a four-door notchback sedan , a four-door station wagon , a closed delivery van and a pickup to complement the series . However, these variants did not go beyond the prototype status and were only used occasionally in-house in factory traffic.
Studies such as the Roadster Pininfarina Peugette and the EVS security vehicle were also based on the 104 series.
Phase 1: 1972 - 1982
Phase 2: 1982 - 1985
Phase 3: 1985 - 1988
- 1972 models:
- Start of production of the 4-door sedan, with the " engine X " of 954 cm³ (46 CV DIN) aluminum rocker head and camshaft chain driven, transversely placed in the front. It is lying backwards by 72 degrees and, like the Peugeot 204 and the Austin-Morris Mini, placed at the top of the gearbox. The gearbox primary transmission is particularly recognizable by its whistling sound. It is equipped for the first time with new conical spark plugs without gasket and is available in 4 different cylinders: 70x62 = 954 cm³, 72x69 = 1124 cm³, 75x69 = 1219 cm³ and 75x77 = 1360 cm³.
- 1974 models:
- Launch of the 3-door coupe that has a tailgate , unlike the sedan. Thanks to the reduced wheelbase and overhang , the length increases to 3.30 m.
Same engine as the sedan.
- 1976 models:
- Launch of the coupe 104 ZS, " engine X " of 1124 cm³, 66 ch DIN, sports version (155 km / h), with tachometer, steering wheel three branches, iodine headlights and rims style (with hubcap).
- 1977 models:
- Appearances of the 6 HP engine and hatchback on the sedan, which then becomes a 5-door.
- 1978 models:
- Reversing lights on the 104 ZS.
- 1979 models:
- The special ZS2 (173 km / h) sports series, powered by the 1,363- cc DIN 1360 " X-motor ", sold 1,000 copies between January and March 1979 . The 104 ZS2 stands out from the ZS by its Amil light alloy wheels, its front bolster, its fender flares, its "thin" matte black bumpers, its shell-type exterior mirror, its Vulcan gray specific shade and its bands. side red decoration, its ZS2 stripings. Appearance of a 104 S sedan (1,124 cm³, 66 hp) showing the upholstery of the special Sundgau series.
- 1980 models:
- New dashboard. The 104 S (5-door) and ZS are now equipped with a 1360 cc of 72 DIN hp. They have low-profile tires on wide-style rims (without hub caps) and side trim strips.
- 1982 models:
- New front and new matte black aerodynamic exterior mirror. Rear window wiper on 104 S and ZS.
- 1983 models:
- Two ZS versions in the catalog: 72 hp DIN (158 km / h) and new 80 hp DIN (164 km / h). The latter, which is identifiable with the 80hp sticker on the front fenders, is equipped with two single-body carburetors. On both 104 ZS, the five-speed gearbox is a novelty.
- 1984 models:
- The range is reduced following the launch of the 205 . The 104 ZS 72 hp disappears.
- 1985 models:
- Dashboard and external elements Talbot Samba type.
- 1986 models:
- Deletion of the 104 ZS.
- 1987 models:
- New calender body color "way 205". Only GLS sedan and Z and Style Z sedans remain, all equipped with 1,124 cc. 50 hp.
- 1988 : End of production