Peugeot Bébé history
|Body and chassis|
Manufactured by SA des Automobiles Peugeot, Sochaux, France Peugeot capitalized on the new wave of fashionable small, lightweight vehicles by designing its Peugeot 6 PS Bébé, announced in 1901.This 270kg (5951b) cyclecar was not even fitted with reverse. Its name, Bébé, was also used for later Peugeot cars.
The 1905 6 PS Bébé was the first car to use shock-absorbers. They were invented by Armand Peugeot. It had a 695 cc single-cylinder water-cooled four-stroke engine, developing 4.4kW (6hp) at 1000 rpm. The drive was transmitted to the rigid rear axle by means of a leather-lined cone clutch, a gearbox, and a propeller shaft. The wooden body was fitted to a tubular steel chassis frame. The whole vehicle weighed 550kg (12001b).
In 1912 a new series of Bébés was introduced, designed by the then unknown Ettore Bugatti.
The in-line four-cylinder 856 cc engine had bore and stroke of 55x90mm, and an output sufficient for the car's weight of 330kg (7301b). The drive was transmitted via a two-speed gearbox. Reverse was engaged by a separate lever. The car had a top speed of 60km/h (37mph). The front rigid axle was supported on transverse semi-elliptic springs. The biggest problem was the tyres, which wore away fast and needed to be replaced every 10,000km (6200 mi). Another drawback was the imprecise steering.
Despite these imperfections the Bébé was produced until 1916, and a total Of 3095 cars were built. Later, the Bébé was replaced by the Quadrilette, the design of which showed its descent from the Bébé. Its commercial success is evident because more than 100,000 were produced.