|Production||1951 to 1958|
|Body and chassis|
|Layout||Coupé , convertible|
Pegaso Z102 Built: Barcelona, Spain, 1951 to 1958
The Pegaso, the Spanish 'Flying Horse', was never meant to be a quantity-production,or even a batch-production Supercar, but was something of a handbuilt and prestige project at ENASA, which was the nationalised Spanish concern set up in 1946 to produce trucks, buses and public service vehicles, under the name of Pegaso, in a factory owned by Hispano-Suiza until 1939. There was, however, no connection between Hispano design, and that of the new Pegaso car.
The guiding genius behind the project, conceived in 1950, and made public a year later, was Wifredo Ricart, a Spanish engineer who had helped produce the Spanish Nacional Pescara at the end of the 1920s, had become the head of Alfa-Romeo's research departments in the 1930s, had designed the stillborn Type 512 Grand Prix car of 1940, and had become Technical Director of Alfa Romeo during the wartime period.
The new Pegaso car, which made no concessions to practicability or economy of production, was designed to attract attention to all Pegaso products, which it most certainly did, and was always built in what might be called 'toolroom' conditions at the Barcelona factory. All derivatives of the Z102 design had one or other version of the splendid twin-cam V8 engine, which was built in three sizes, and in various states of with or without supercharging. The chassis was a strong semi-monocoque underframe, in pressed and fabricated steel, once again not being intended for quantity production, but ideal for fabrication in ideal conditions, and without regard to cost, in ENASA's training department.
The Z102 went into production with 2.5-liter engines (2472 cc), which had also been used in the prototypes. Later, there were also variants with 2.8L (2816 cc) and 3.2L V8 engines (3178 cc) with four overhead camshafts, four desmodromic controlled valves per cylinder, multiple carburetors and on request supercharged. The power ranged from 132 to 271 kW (175 to 360 hp), it was transmitted by a five-speed gearbox. The fastest Z-102s could reach 250 km / h, more than a Ferrari at the time, making it the fastest car produced at that time. The basic version had a top speed of 192 km / h.
There were factory-styled coupes, and a whole variety of special bodies by specialist coachbuilders. cars had bodies by other coachbuilders. such as Carrozzeria Touring Each and every Pegaso was fast, but, to bowdlerise George Orwell, some were faster than others. Power outputs ranged from a mere 140bhp for the 2.5-litre engine,while the supercharged 3.2-litre engine produced no less than 275bhp at 6500rpm. Without much doubt, a Pegaso of the period was the fastest road car in the world which only a great deal of money, and a long wait, could buy. Each car, incidentally, had a three-year guarantee when handed over to its proud owner.
Although Pegasos were certainly designed to be very fast, they were not meant to be light, nor were they intended as sports-racing cars. Isolated examples, however, took speed records and competed in hillclimbs. Pegasos were entered for Le Mans in 1952 but did not start, and the 1953 entries were scratched after an accident in practice. During 1955 a Type Z103 Pegaso was announced, with an entirely different V8 engine having nothing more exciting than pushrod operated overhead valves, but only a handful of these cars were built. In total, about 110 Z102 Pegasos were built in seven years (which proves how much 'handbuilding' was involved), many of which had Saoutchik and Touring bodies. Pegaso, however, lost interest in this car in the mid-1950s, as production and commitment to heavy vehicles increased.
Engine and transmission: Eight-cylinders, in 90-degree vee-formation, with twin overhead camshaft cylinder heads. Three different engine sizes: (2.5-litre) Bore, stroke and capacity 75 x 70mm., 2474cc. Maximum power 140bhp at 6000rpm.; maximum torque 1351b.ft. at 3900rpm. (2.8-litre engine) Bore, stroke and capacity 80 x 70mm., 2816cc. Maximum power not quoted; maximum torque 1581b.ft. at 3600rpm. (3.2-litre engine) Bore, stroke and capacity 85 x 70mm., 3178cc. Maximum power 210bhp at 6500rpm.; maximum torque 1811b.ft. at 4500rpm. Supercharged version also available, with 275bhp at 6500rpm.; maximum torque 2361b.ft. at 5250rpm. Five-speed manual gearbox in unit with spiral bevel final drive. (Other engine tunes were available to special order).
Chassis: Front engine, rear drive. Pressed steel platform style chassis frame, bodies welded on assembly. Independent front suspension by longitudinal torsion bars and wishbones: Worm type steering. De Dion rear suspension, by transverse torsion bars, radius arms and sliding block tube location. Front and rear drum brakes.
Bodywork: Coachbuilt bodystyles, various types, in two-door two-seater coupe or cabriolet styles. Typical dimensions: length 13ft. 5.5in.; width 5ft. 4.5in.; height 4ft. 3in. Unladen weight (approx) 21801b.
Performance: (165bhp 2.5-litre model): Maximum speed (approx) 120mph. 0-60mph 11.0sec. Standing 1/4-mile 18.2sec. Typical fuel consumption not quoted.
Carrozzeria Touring body