Pagani Zonda C12 & C12S
|Pagani Zonda C12 From 1999 to 2005|
|Class||Sports car (S)|
|Body style||2-door berlinetta
|Layout||Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive|
|Engine||6.0 L /7.0 LM120 AMG V12|
|Wheelbase||2,730 mm (107.5 in)|
|Length||4,395–4,435 mm (173.0–174.6 in)|
|Width||2,055 mm (80.9 in)|
|Height||1,151–1,141 mm (45.3–44.9 in)|
|Curb weight||Dry weight:
1,210–1,280 kg (2,668–2,822 lb)
The Pagani Zonda is a mid-engined sports car built by the Italian manufacturer Pagani. It debuted in 1999, and production ended in 2018 with the Zonda HP Barchetta and other commemorative special editions being produced until the same year. By June 2009, 135 Zondas had been built, including development mules. Both 2-door coupé and roadster variants have been produced along with a third new variant being the barchetta. Construction is mainly of carbon fibre.
The Zonda C12 debuted in 1999 at the Geneva Motor Show. It was powered by a 6.0 L (366 cu in) Mercedes-Benz V12 engine (M120) producing 394 PS (290 kW; 389 hp) at 5200 rpm and 570 N⋅m (420 lb⋅ft) at 3800 rpm mated to a 5-speed manual transmission gearbox. The C12 could accelerate to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.2 seconds and to 100 mph (160 km/h) in 9.2 seconds.
Just five of the original 6.0 L Paganis were built, though it was still available in 2002 when the C12 S debuted. One was used for crash testing, while another was a demonstrator and show car. The remainder were delivered to customers during the next three years. A woman from Switzerland is confirmed to own the last remaining Zonda C12, rejecting the offer from Pagani himself to redeem the car for historical reasons.
The Zonda S uses a 7.0 L (427 cu in) AMG–tuned version of the engine producing 550 PS (400 kW; 540 hp). It can accelerate to 62 mph (100 km/h) in 3.7 secs, to 100 mph (160 km/h) in 7.5 secs and complete the quarter mile in 11.3 secs. Lateral acceleration on the skidpad is 1.18 g (11.6 m/s²), it can reach a top speed of 208 mph (335 km/h), and carries a price tag of US$500,000.
The Zonda S features an elongated nose, flaps at the rear for improved aerodynamics, and new light clusters and exhausts. Only fifteen 7.0 L Zonda S cars were produced.
Zonda S 7.3
The Zonda S 7.3 of 2002 used a new, larger V12 engine displacing 7.3 L (445 cu in) designed and manufactured by Mercedes-Benz AMG producing 555 PS (408 kW; 547 hp) and 750 N⋅m (550 lb⋅ft). And to better handle the power, traction control and ABS were made standard. Performance claims were unchanged from the Zonda S. On the Autobahn, the car topped out at 198 mph (319 km/h), 10 mph (16 km/h) off the mark of its claimed top speed of 208 mph (335 km/h). Company representatives at Pagani's factory claimed this was the result of the car being in the setting for maximum down force, something that would drop its top speed to around 200 mph (320 km/h). However, the EVO article claimed that aerodynamic parts, specifically ones that created drag, were removed during the run, bringing Pagani's claims into question.
In 2003 Pagani presented the Zonda Roadster a roadster version of the Zonda S 7.3. Carrying the same components as the coupé, Pagani promised no loss of performance, a claim supported by the minimal weight gain of 30 kilograms (66 lb). A total of 40 roadsters were produced.
Development of the Zonda GR started in December 2002. At this stage the Zonda was nearly four years old, but had yet to be entered in major motorsports. Tom Weickardt, owner of American Viperacing, Toine Hezemans, owner of Carsport Holland, and Paul Kumpen, owner of GLPK Racing, created a new company, Carsport Zonda, to build a racing version. They secured exclusive rights to develop, build and sell competition Zondas from Horacio Pagani, and the first GR was completed at Carsport's facility in Modena within months.
The Zonda GR is based on the Zonda S. It was built on the same carbon fiber chassis, with tube frames in front and back. The bodywork was modified to include front and rear diffusers and louvers for improved aerodynamics. The car was 2 meters (6.6 ft) wide, in accordance with the regulations of the FIA and ACO. The car's weight was reduced to 1,100 kilograms (2,400 lb), and a new suspension was designed. New wheels and brakes were also specified. The engine was equipped with an enlarged radiator, and the engine and gearbox also had new oil coolers.
The performance of the Zonda GR is well beyond that of the stock car. The car sprints from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 3.3 seconds and the engine produces around 600 PS (440 kW; 590 hp) at 5,800 rpm and 580 lb⋅ft (786 N⋅m) of torque at 4,300 rpm with a redline increased to 7,500 rpm.
The car was entered into the 2003 24 Hours of Le Mans, but retired after ten laps due to a gearbox failure.