Opel Vauxhall Zafira First generation
|Also called||Chevrolet Nabira Chevrolet Zafira Holden Zafira Subaru Traviq Vauxhall Zafira|
|Production||1999–2005 2001–2012 (Brazil) 2000–2004 as Subaru Traviq|
|Assembly||Bochum, Germany Rayong, Thailand (GM) São José dos Campos, Brazil (GM Brazil)|
|Engine||1.6 L X16/Z16 I4 1.8 L X18XE1/X18XEL I4 1.8 L Z18XE1 I4 2.0 L Z20LET turbo I4 2.2 L Z22SE I4 2.0 L X20DTL/X20DTH/Y20DTH diesel I4 2.2 L Y22DTR diesel I4|
|Wheelbase||2,694 mm (106 in)|
|Length||4,317 mm (170 in)|
|Width||1,742 mm (69 in)|
|Height||1,684 mm (66 in)|
|Curb weight||1,320 kg (2,910 lb) - 1,560 kg (3,439 lb)|
|Related||Opel Astra G|
The first generation of Zafira is usually referred to as Zafira A, as is customary for Opel models. Developed with the aid of Porsche, the Zafira was first shown in concept form at the 1997 Frankfurt Auto Show and entered series production in January 1999, with sales beginning in April.
The car was based on the same platform as the 1998 Astra G and shared much in common with that car. The Zafira A body was used in GM/Opel's concept hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicle the HydroGen3. Offered with a series of petrol engines and initially a single diesel offering, the "X" engines were replaced by the newer "Z" engine generation in 2000.These featured variable intake manifolds and were able to meet Euro 3 emissions standards.
The Opel Zafira has seven seats arranged in three rows, the back row of which can be folded into the floor to create more space, individually or together, rather than requiring that the extra seats be physically removed from the vehicle. The system was named Flex 7. In TüV's ranking of the quality of three-year-old cars, the Zafira was by far the best Opel, only slightly behind the winning Ford Focus.
Introduced at Geneva in February 2001, the turbocharged Zafira OPC went on sale in October of the same year. With 192 PS (141 kW), this was the fastest minivan on sale in Europe.Only available with a five-speed manual transmission, 0–100 km/h (62 mph) can be reached in 8.2 seconds and the top speed is 220 km/h (137 mph).The popular 2-litre turbodiesels were complemented by a 125 PS (92 kW) 2.2 litre option in January 2002.
The Opel Zafira A was replaced by Zafira B in Europe, but was still sold in most other markets until 2012 (albet that its cousin the Chevrolet Astra was discontinued in 2011), except for Australia and New Zealand, where the model was cancelled altogether. The Zafira was sold in the Philippines from 2001 to 2005, being the last European-based Opel car to be sold in the Philippines after they stopped selling the Opel Astra in 2003.
The Zafira was sold in Japan from 2001 through 2004 as the Traviq, where it was cancelled and replaced later in 2008 by the Subaru Exiga - developed from the Subaru Legacy platform. According to Subaru, the name was a combination of the words "travel" and "quick", however, the word more closely resembles the English word "traffic".
Due to the exterior dimensions exceeding Japanese government regulations for vehicles defined as "compact", Japanese buyers were liable for additional taxes. The Traviq was originally only available with the bigger 2.2 litre engine, although a 1.8 L, lower-priced alternative was added in July 2003.The engines used were not Subaru supplied boxer engines, but were conventional in line units that were uncharasteristic to market recognized Subaru products, and all-wheel-drive technology was also not available.
The sale of the Zafira as a Subaru created a conflict with previously established Yanase Co., Ltd. retail dealerships, in that Yanase was already selling Opel products, like the Zafira. When production of the Traviq ended, Yanase continued to import Opel products into Japan until 2006.