Morris Oxford MO
|Also called||Hindustan Fourteen (India)|
|Production||1948–1954 159,960 produced|
|Assembly||United Kingdom Australia India|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door saloon 2-door estate|
|Related||Wolseley 4/50 / 6/80|
|Engine||1476 cc side-valve Straight-4|
|Wheelbase||97 in (2,500 mm)|
|Length||165.5 in (4,200 mm)|
|Width||65 in (1,700 mm)|
|Height||64 in (1,600 mm)|
|Predecessor||Morris Ten series M Morris Twelve Morris Fourteen|
After the Second World War the 13.5 fiscal horsepower Oxford MO had to replace the Ten horsepower series M, Morris's Twelve and Morris's Fourteen. It was announced along with the new 918cc Minor and the 2.2-litre Six on 26 October 1948 and was produced until 1954. The design was shared with Nuffield Organisation stable-mate Wolseley 4/50 which used a traditional grille and better finishes.
Designed by Alec Issigonis, the Oxford, along with the Morris Minor, introduced unit construction techniques, although it is not widely recognized as a true unibody car.Torsion bar front suspension was another novelty, and 8-inch (200 mm) drum brakes hydraulically operated were fitted all around. Under the bonnet, the MO was a step back in technology from the pre-war Ten. It used a side-valve straight-4 rather than the older overhead-valve unit. The single SU-carburetted engine displaced 1.5 L (1476 cc/90 in3) and with its output of 40.5 bhp (30.2 kW) at 4200 rpm could propel the car to 72 mph (116 km/h). The four-speed gearbox had a column gearchange and steering was by rack and pinion.
Interior fittings were reasonably comprehensive by the standards of the time, with a full width shelf under the dashboard and "useful pivoting ventilator panels" (hinged quarterlights) at the front edge of each of the front doors and a rear window blind included in the price. Instrumentation included an oil pressure gauge, an ammeter and an electric clock. Also available, albeit at extra cost, was a heater.
The MO was sold as a 4-door saloon and 2-door Traveller estate with exposed wood. Both were four-seaters. It was replaced by the Series II Oxford in 1954.
The Motor magazine tested a Traveller in 1952 but only attained a top speed of 64 mph (103 km/h) and acceleration from 0–50 mph (80 km/h) in 26.2 seconds. A fuel consumption of 26.4 miles per imperial gallon (10.7 L/100 km; 22.0 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £825 including taxes. The final drive ratio had been lowered from 4.55 to 1 to 4.875 to 1 in 1949 "in the interests of top gear acceleration, which still keeping top gear reasonably high, as is ...Morris policy", according to a statement attributed to the manufacture.
A six-cylinder version was sold as the Morris Six MS.
A commercial vehicle version of the Oxford MO was produced from 1950 to 1956 as a van, pickup, or chassis cab model. It used some of the bodywork of the Oxford MO but with a chassis underneath. This was marketed as the Morris Cowley MCV
Hindustan Motors of India produced the Oxford MO as the Hindustan Fourteen.