1976 to 1983
Body versions :
Gasoline 4.2-4.9 liters
The Maserati Kyalami was a Gran Tourismo coupe of the Italian car manufacturer Maserati , which was produced from the fall of 1976 until the end of 1983.The kyalami was shown after only four months of development in March 1976 at the Geneva Motor Show for the first time. Serial production only started at the end of 1976, as further development work had to be carried out in the meantime. The bodies were made as well as the De Tomaso Longchamp in external workshops. Most kyalamis were built at the Embo in Turin, some early models possibly also at Maggiora .The car was named after the Kyalami Grand Prix Circuit , a race track in South Africa , on which Pedro Rodríguez had won in 1967 in a Cooper -Maserati a Formula 1 race.
The Kyalami was the first new car that Maserati presented after the takeover by Alejandro de Tomaso . De Tomaso had already recognized in 1975 that he had to quickly introduce a new model to publicly demonstrate the ability of Maserati to act. However, the development of a completely new car would have taken a very long time. On the other hand, de Tomaso had with his model De Tomaso Longchamp on a sports coupe, which was mature, but whose sales had fallen far short of expectations and had so far not amortized its development costs. In this situation, Alejandro de Tomaso decided to exploit the concept of De Tomaso Longchamp again and sell the construction with some changes as Maserati.
The Jaguar XJ- inspired chassis of the Longchamp with double wishbones front and rear was taken over unchanged as well as the underbody and the body structure. The Turin designer Pietro Frua was commissioned on Tom Tjaarda declining form of Longchamp to revise as inexpensively as possible. Frua redesigned the outer sheet metal parts, with the exception of the doors and the boot lid; however, since he essentially took over the layout of the Longchamp , there was a clearly perceptible external similarity between the two vehicles. The front end received a classic Maserati grille with double round headlights, which stood in contrast to the otherwise rather angular lines of the vehicle. The Alfa Romeo rear lights built into the Longchamp have been replaced by slightly wider Citroën SM units. By Fruas modifications also changed the dimensions of the car: The Kyalami was at the same wheelbase 50 mm longer and 25 mm lower than the Longchamp.
Overall, the Kyalami seemed much more elegant than the Longchamp. The body resembled in some areas of the Fiat 130 coupe and approximately simultaneously presented Lancia gamma coupe , both of Pininfarina were designed.Unlike the De Tomaso Longchamp, the Kyalami was not powered by American Ford engines, but by Maserati's own eight-cylinder engine. The gearbox complied with Maserati standard. Available was one of testers unanimously classified as difficult to turn five-speed transmission or a three-speed automatic transmission. The automatic version was purchased much more frequently than the manually switched car. In total, only 25 vehicles were built with manual transmission, including the prototype.
The interior was largely taken over by De Tomaso Longchamp. Design and technical features of earlier Maserati models, which resulted from the connection of the brand to Citroën, put off the Kyalami.
Initially, the Kyalami was offered only with a 4.2-liter version of the Maserati's own eight-cylinder. The engine, which was built essentially unchanged since 1963 and used for the first time in the Maserati Quattroporte I , was equipped with four dual-rate carburettors (Weber 42 DCNF) and produced 265 hp (195 kW) at 6,000 revolutions per minute.In the summer of 1978, Maserati added the engine range: in addition stood a 4.9-liter version of the eight-cylinder engine with 280 bhp (209 kW) at 5600 / min to choose from.
In 1978, Pietro Frua made a convertible version of the Kyalami. It stayed with a single copy. However, the design was recycled two years later, when De Tomaso presented a Spyder version of his own Longchamp , of which were sold in the following years, 14 copies. The Spyder were built at Carrozzeria Pavesi in Milan.All in all, the kyalami was a failure. Between autumn 1976 and late 1983, only a few copies of the Kyalami were produced. The figures for the production range vary between 150 and 200 vehicles.
Engines: Gasoline: 4.2-4.9 liters (188-206 kW)
Engine Type: V8
Transmission: five-speed or three-speed automatic
Power: 265 hp
Length: 4598 mm
Width: 1849 mm
Height: 1245 mm
Wheelbase: 2600 mm
Curb weight: 1700 kg