Lancia Flavia series 1 car range and history
|Production:||1960 to 1967|
|Body and chassis|
|Body styles:||Saloon , Coupé ,Cabriolet|
|Suspension rear:||rigid axle|
|Engine and Powertrain|
|Engine Type:||cylinders: 4|
|Engine Displacement:||1.5-2.0 liters|
|Engine power:||57-92 kW|
|Steering:||worm and roller|
|Tyres:||6.50 x 15|
|Weights and Dimensions|
|Wheelbase:||104.33 in, 2650 mm|
|Length:||180.31 in, 4580 mm|
|Width:||63.39 in, 1610 mm|
|Height:||59.45 in, 1510 mm|
|Track front:||51.18 in, 1300 mm|
|Track rear:||50.39 in, 1280 mm|
|Weight:||2536 1b, 1150 kg|
The Lancia Flavia first series is a mid-range vehicle built by Lancia from 1960 and the end of 1967.
The Flavia was the first Italian production car with front-wheel drive and disc brakes on all four wheels. The under Antonio Fessia vehicle had developed a dual-circuit brake system and was driven by a light-metal piston engine, which was placed in front of the front axle.
The first series Flavia sedan (Type 815) was equipped in front with a continuous seat and steering wheel circuit. The front wheels of the Flavia were suspended independently by double wishbones and feathered with a transverse leaf spring to the transmission. The front suspension was on a subframe mounted, also contributed of the motor-transmission unit. The rear wheels were connected via a rigid steel tube axle, a two hinged with longitudinal leaf springs to the body. All the wheels had hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers, both axes were equipped with roll bars. The wheels were driven by drive shafts, each with two constant velocity joints.
Equipped with the original 1500 engine, the Flavia was initially considered as underpowered for a car in its price range. After all, it made 57 kW (78 hp), but this was the result of an acute engine characteristic with low elasticity . In addition, the power of 1260 kg heavy car was unfavorable. The only remedy was the 1800 cc engine, which was offered from 1963 onwards.
For the manufacturer, the Flavia represented a turning point in the company's history for several reasons: It was the first vehicle that heralded the tradition of the front-wheel drive at Lancia until 2011. For the first time used Lancia a boxer engine and thus since 1919 again an engine in a car, in which the cylinders were not arranged V-shaped. the Flavia, which was developed by Lancia completely independently and before the takeover by Fiat together with the Fulvia, the last car was the same.
The design language of the sedan was considered conservative even at construction times, so that only by offering the 1.8-liter engine and the injection variant 1800 Iniezione the vehicle came to large numbers. Shortly before the end of the series was followed by a 2.0-liter engine as carburetor and injector version 2000 Iniezione .
As the first model of the Flavia series in November 1960, the sedan ( Berlina ) was presented at the Turin Motor Show. The then technical director of Lancia, Dr.-Ing. Antonio Fessia , was an advocate of the front-wheel drive and the boxer engine. This was reflected in the technical realization of the Flavia. The basic design features of the Flavia had Fessia already implemented the company CEMSA Caproni in 1947 shown at the Paris Motor Show CEMSA F11 and anticipated which was never produced in series.