Lancia Beta Coupe, Spider and HPE
|Vehicle technical details|
|Production:||1973 to 1984|
|Assembly plants:||Turin Italy,Pamplona Spain|
|Maximum speed:||160-190 kmh|
|Body and chassis|
|Body styles:||Coupé , Cabriolet|
|Engine and Powertrain|
|Engine location:||front transversely mounted|
|Engine power:||82-119hp (60-99 kW)|
|Brakes:||discs front and rear|
|Weights and Dimensions|
|Wheelbase:||Coupé: 2350 mm |
Spider: 2350 mm
HPE: 2540 mm
|Length:||Coupé: 3,993 mm |
Spider: 4040 mm
HPE: 4285 mm
|Width:||Coupé: 1651 mm |
Spider: 1646 mm
HPE: 1702 mm
|Height:||Coupé: 1280 mm |
Spider: 1250 mm
HPE: 1321 mm
The Lancia Beta coupe was a passenger car that was built from the fall of 1973 until the end of 1984 by the Italian car manufacturer Lancia .
The Beta Coupe was a two-door sedan, the Beta HPE a three-door combo coupe , the Beta Spider a convertible with Targa roof and fixed roll bar and the Beta Trevi a four-door notchback sedan. Under the name Beta Montecarlo was finally sold a two seater mid-engine coupé, which technically had little in common with the beta family.
The first model of the series coupe appeared in November 1973, with following versions Coupe, Spider and HPE .
The Lancia Beta had already from the beginning of the concept for at that time far-reaching safety features such as fully foamed interior linings, Lancia super duplex braking system, three-part safety steering column, integrated roll bar, laminated glass windscreen (the coupe also the rear window), side impact protection, fire protection system and from 1979 catch for the hood ,
For all trim, bezels and bumpers, Lancia used the Beta (except for the Montecarlo) stainless steel.
The benefits of the Beta include space, comfort, high-torque engines, safe road holding and strong brakes.
The Beta Coupé debuted on the shortened bottom plate of the sedan. The delivery of the first production vehicles took place in the spring of 1974.The design came from Castagnero, who had already designed the Lancia Fulvia Coupé of the sixties. The Coupé was driven as the version 1600 or 1800 initially of 1.6- and 1.75-liter double camshaft engines with 109 and 120 hp. The equipment was upgraded to the saloon.
After setting the production of the Fulvia Coupe in January 1976, the Beta Coupe was also equipped with the 1.3 -liter engine to continue to offer in the important 1300er class in Italy a coupe.
The Beta Spider: In autumn 1974, the Beta Spider appeared, which grew on the shorter platform of the coupe.
The Beta Spider is equipped with a removable plastic roof between windscreen frame and Targa temples and a rear, foldable fabric top.
The open 2 + 2-seater was manufactured at the Carrozzeria Zagato , where body shells of the Beta Coupe were rebuilt. It was initially rebuilt the body on frameless side windows and there were no stiffening elements between the windshield frame and roll bar. Since the thus-built vehicles turned out to be extremely little distortion, later copies were made with bars between the A- and B-pillars and installed the normal doors with window frames. Nevertheless, torsional rigidity was not the strong side of the Spider.
In the Beta Spider, the more powerful engine versions were installed from the coupe, initially as versions 1600 and 1800. After the 1975 made overhauling and conversion of the engine range in all variants of the Beta, the Spider with the new version of the 1600 engine and the two-liter geared motor (type 828.BS.1) prepared which replaced the 1800s. Smaller engines were not available in the Spider.
Zagato also took over the basic concept of the Spider for the designed in Milan and presented in 1974 Bristol 412 , which also used the tail lights of the Lancia.
In the spring of 1975, a three-door appeared as the fourth body variant Combi Coupé called HPE (for H igh P erformance E state). With the sedan's unchanged bottom section, the HPE is identical to the Beta Coupé up to the B-pillar.
The Beta HPE went back to a Pininfarina design. Lancia took over a body concept that had been developed in 1967 by Tom Karen and Ogle Design for the British Reliant Scimitar .
The vehicle was built with 1.6-, 1.8- and with the 2.0-liter engine, the latter was offered both as a carburetor, injector and in the compressor variant Volumex . The passenger compartment was spacious, comfortable (also in the rear) and suitable for long haul, as the HPE had a good road holding and above-average performance.
The dashboard contains nine analog instruments (large speedometer and tachometer, smaller fuel gauge, cooling water thermometer, voltmeter, oil pressure gauge, thermometer and level indicator and a clock in the center console). Even the oil level is indicated by a vacuum line on the dashboard. Another special feature was the automatic headlight height adjustment with pressure pistons, which are controlled by pneumatic transducers on the rear axle via a pressure hose.
The Coupe, Spider and HPE also received slight changes to the front end: the bonnet was changed, the grille was now black and carried chrome trim. In early 1976, the 1.3 -liter engine was pushed back for the Beta Coupe, which got the 82-hp engine from the sedan, but was equipped simpler.
After Coupe, HPE and Spider were slightly revised to the IAA in September 1978 (changed grille and mirrors made of black plastic), the sedan was subjected to a major revision in the fall of 1979.The front was retouched and the interior refreshed with a dashboard with numerous round openings in which sat instruments and warning lights. The engine supply shrank to the 1.6 l (100 hp) and 2.0 l petrol (115 hp).
In June 1981, Coupé, Spider and HPE were again refreshed. These included the radiator grille, a new dashboard, new upholstery, black stainless steel chrome trim, and larger and wider bumpers for the 1600 and 2000 versions. The 1300 coupe retained the original bumpers, but in black, until the end of production , The coupe was equipped with a black spoiler on the tailgate. The HPE was named HPExecutive (High Performance Executive) in most markets from then on.
The two-liter engines of the Beta series (up in the Berlina and Montecarlo) received in the fall of 1981, the electronically controlled Bosch L-Jetronic injection, which increased the power to 122 hp. A special case was the Spider dar. It was offered only in North America with the injection system, in the remaining markets to the end of production with carburetor. The 1.3-liter engine of the coupe grew to 1367 cc and made 84 hp.
From April 1982, What was new was the variant Volumex that was offered in the models coupe and HPE. These were powered by a two-liter four-cylinder with volumetric compressor , which made 135 hp. This brought HPE and Coupé to a top speed of 200 km / h and required nine seconds for the sprint from 0 to 100 km / h.
The variants Berlina (sedan), Coupe, HPE, Spider (as Lancia Zagato) and Montecarlo (the latter under the name Lancia Scorpion) were exported from autumn 1975 to mid-1982 in the United States. In seven years, 17,965 copies were sold.
The Lancia Beta Coupe and the Lancia Beta HPE were manufactured from 1979 to 1980 also by Seat in Lancia license.The bodies corresponded to the Lancia Beta from Italy. The models were powered by a series four-cylinder engine with 1917 cc displacement, which developed 80 kW (109 hp). This engine was also used in the Seat 131 and Seat 132 . The Lancia models brought it to 180 km / h.
These vehicles were the only Seat-made cars that did not carry a Seat emblem. The success was moderate with 2,746 copies.
The Lancia Beta Coupé was used by privateers and also by Lancia itself as a Lancia rally factory vehicle. The homologation consisted of two different versions: a version in accordance with Group 3 with the 8-valve cylinder head of the production vehicle and another version with Abarth 16-valve cylinder head, which corresponded to the regulations of Group 4. It was in the factory vehicles to vehicles of the first series with 1800s engine and the typical body features such as flat bonnet with two ventilation grilles and round roof edge. The vehicles were with two double carburetors and during the 1975 season with limited slip differentialand power steering equipped. The engine power was between about 175 hp (129 kW) as 8V and 195 hp (143 kW) as 16V. The later Lancia Delta Integrale based on the chassis technology (front suspension with MacPherson struts , Camuffo rear axle ) and the drive concept with transverse front engine ( Fiat twin-cam engine ) on the Lancia Beta. With 2-liter engine, supplemented by the all-wheel drive and turbocharger, he led this basic concept of Beta to numerous rally victories.
In 1974 and 1975, Lancia used the Beta Coupé as the official Lancia factory vehicle in the World Rally Championship . The vehicles have been used in eleven races, including well-known events such as the Corsica Rally , the San Remo Rally , the RAC Rally , the Monte Carlo Rally , the Rally Sweden , the Rideau Lakes Rally and the Safari Rally . The Lancia Beta Coupe achieved several finishes in the top ten, including the 3rd place at the Rally Sweden in 1975 and several 4th places (Rally San Remo 1974 and 1975, Press-On-Regardless Rally 1974).
At the Rally Rideau Lakes in 1974, the vehicle's second official race, the Lancia Beta Coupé was still racing ahead of a co-participating Lancia Stratos just before the end of the race . Due to team orders the team manager Cesare Fiorio was Simo Lampinen in Beta Coupe Sandro Munari overtake shortly before the end of the race in his Stratos and took then only the second place.
In 1975, Lancia ended the use of the Beta Coupe and focused on the evolution of the Lancia Stratos .
- Coupe: June 1973 - December 1984 Made:113,623, of which 1272 are volumex.
- Spider: November 1974 - August 1982 Made: 8594.
- HPE: April 1975 - December 1984 Made:71,257, of which 2369 are Volumex.