Lancia Appia sporting series
|Production||1956 to 1964|
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||2.5L I-4, 3.0L Six Cylinder|
Lancia Appia sporting series Built: Turin, Italy, from 1956 to 1963 In its mechanical layout, Lancia's little Appia was one of the last 'traditional' models from that family-owned Turin concern, which is to say that it was one of the last to have a front-mounted engine in narrow vee-layout, driving the back wheels, The Appia was launched in 1953, with its 1089cc engine, to replace the Ardea, which had in fact been a pre-world war two design. The Appia's engine was tiny in most respects, with a 10-degree angle between the pairs of cylinders (a casual glance into the engine bay revealed an engine which looked as if it was just a short and squat in the block was only 9.5-inches long), and the whole design was distinctly line unit
Apart from the engine itself, the rest of the layout was conventional enough, and Lancia would have retorted that to them the engine layout was perfectly normal as well. Independent coil spring suspension was Lancia-style, in sliding pillars linked by what looked like a normal axle beam, while the rear axle was located on half-elliptic leaf springs. The original Appia was a four-door saloon car, with integral construction, and liberal use of light-alloy door and other skin panels.
1958 Lancia Appia Coupe Pininfarina body
During the 1950s, several companies, with Lancia's explicit approval, built coupes and spiders on this base of the series 2 and 3, from Vignale, Pininfarina and Zagato. Only the Zagato car had completely light-alloy coachwork, while the others used a framework of pressed-steel on the pressed-steel underpan, but with alloy skins. By Lancia standards, these good looking but not very fast little sporting cars were a success. In 1963 the all-new Fulvia was announced, which spelled imminent extinction for the Appia, and the last of the coachwork sporting models followed a short time after that ending in 1964.
Acceleration: 0—50 mph (0 —80 km/h) 9.9 sec; speed in direct drive at 1000 rpm: 18.1 mph, 29.1 km/h.
Power-weight ratio: 29.1 lb/hp, 13.2 kg/hp
- max speed in 1st gear: 23.6 mph, 38 km h
- max speed in 2nd gear: 41.6 mph, 67 km/h
- max speed in 3rd gear: 64.0 mph, 103 km/h
- max speed in 4th gear: 99.4 mph, 160 km h
Engine and transmission: Four-cylinders, in 10-degree vee-formation, with pushrod-operated overhead-valve cylinder head. Bore, stroke and capacity 68 X 75mm., 1089cc. Maximum power 53bhp (DIN) at 5200rpm.; maximum torque 641b.ft. at 3500rpm. (Zagato model, 1961 on): 60bhp (DIN) at 5400rpm.; maximum torque 631b.ft. at 4250rpm. Four-speed manual gearbox in unit with engine. Hypoid bevel final drive.
Chassis: Front engine, rear drive. Pressed-steel unit-construction body-chassis unit. Independent front suspension by coil springs and vertical sliding pillars. Worm and sector steering. Rear suspension of live axle by half-elliptic leaf springs. Four wheel
Bodywork: Several types, of two-door 2+2 seater fastback coupe/cabriolet styles, by Viotti/Pininfarina, Vignale and Zagato. Zagato with light alloy coachwork, others with pressed-steel coachwork. (Zagato) Length 13ft. line; width 4ft. 8.3in.; height 4ft. o.4in. Unladen weight 17401b. (Pininfarina coupe) Length 13ft. 6.6in.; width 4ft. 10.7in.; height 4ft, 3.6in. Unladen weight 20401b.
VARIATIONS AND OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES:
1 Weber horizontal twin-barrel carburettor; lightened vehicle for competition.
1958 Lancia Appia Sport GT Zagato body