Lancia Flaminia Sports
|Manufacturer||Lancia Turin, Italy|
|Production||1956 to 1969|
|Body and chassis|
|Layout||Front engine, rear drive|
Lancia Flaminia cars were Built in Turin, Italy from 1956 to 1969 .
The Flaminia model of 1956, which had already been previewed by the Pininfarina- styled Florida show car of a year earlier, represented something of a complete change for the old-established Turinese concern. For one thing it was an altogether larger car than the Aurelia it was to replace, and for another it was the first Lancia for many many years to abandon the sliding-pillar coil spring independent front suspension.
Although it was never to be a large seller, the Flaminia and its often graceful sporting descendants was to be part of the Lancia scene until the end of the 1960s. The chassis featured a platform-style chassis and floor, with a massive subframe bolted-up to support the front suspension and engine. The engine itself was a 60-degree vee-6, an obvious derivative of that used on the outdated Aurelia, and in its original form was of 80 x 81.5mm., 2458cc, and the four-speed manual transmission was in unit with the final drive unit, allied to De Dion rear suspension, all as so well-known and well-liked on the Aurelia model. Although the four-door pillarless saloon style was attractive in itself, the specialised and short chassis derivatives evolved by three coachbuilders.
Lancia Flaminia Coupe Pininfarina
Touring, Zagato and Pininfarina, all with Lancia's approval — were even more beautiful. The Zagato car, like others he was to do for Lancia in future years for the Fulvia and Flavia models, had a long slinky fastback shape, with faired-in headlamps, while the pininfarina car was much more squared-up and formal, after the fashion dictated by that eminent styling house at the time, with vestigial tail fins along the top of the rear
The Pininfarina car, being built on a longer version of the Flaminia saloon's wings. wheelbase (the Zagato was rather drastically shortened) had more space, and four adequate seats. The Touring model had a rather more anonymous style, and was built on the shortened-wheelbase like the Zagato model. All the sporting Flaminias made their entry at the 1958 Turin Show, and were given four-wheel disc brakes from 1959. To keep their performance up to standard against the burgeoning competition, Lancia managed one last stretch of the vee-6 engine (which had already been enlarged several times in the past) to 2775cc, with a bore and stroke of 85 81.5mm, and made this engine available on all saloons and the sporting types from 1963. For the next few years, while models Lancia concentrated more and more on their small Fulvia and Flavia models, the Flaminias soldiered on, but their design and their rather ponderous and stately behaviour was more of the 1950s than the 1960s.
The last of the cars, which had been built only to special order for some time, was completed in 1969, by which time Lancia were in serious financial trouble, and shortly afterwards the entire company was sold to Fiat.
Engine and transmission: Six-cylinders, in 60-degree vee-formation, with pushrod-operated overhead-valve cylinder heads. Bore, stroke and capacity 81.5mm.,2458cc. Maximum power (Coupe) 119bhp (net) at 5100rpm.; maximum torque 1371b.ft. at 3500rpm. Maximum power (Zagato Sport) 140bhp (net) at 5600rpm.; maximum torque 1501b.ft. at 3600rpm.
From 1963, cars were sold with 2775cc engines, with 85 X 81.5mm. bore and stroke. Maximum power 150bhp (net) at 5400rpm.; maximum torque 1651b.ft. at 3500rpm. Four-speed manual gearbox in unit with hypoid bevel final drive.
Chassis: Front engine, rear drive. Pressed-steel platform-type chassis, with subframe for front suspension and engine. Independent front suspension by coil springs and wishbones. Recirculating ball steering. Rear suspension by De Dion, with half-elliptic leaf springs and Panhard rod. Four wheel drum brakes, (early cars), four wheel disc brakes on later models.
Bodywork: Two main types: two-door close-coupled four-seater notchback coupe (Pininfarina) or cabriolet (Touring), and two-door two-seater light-alloy fastback coupe by Zagato. (Pininfarina coupe) Length 15ft. 4.5in.; width 5ft. 8.5in.; height 4ft. 7.9in. Unladen weight 32651b. (Zagato coupe) Length 14ft. 9in.; width 5ft. 4. lin.; height 4ft. 3.4in. Unladen weight 26701b.
(Pininfarina coupe, 2.5-litre model): Maximum speed 106mph. 0-60mph 13.6sec. Standing IA-mile 19.1sec. Typical fuel consumption 22mpg.
(Zagato coupe, 2.5-litre model): Maximum speed 110mph. 0-60mph 13.2sec. Standing 1/4-mile 19.0sec. Typical fuel consumption 23mpg.
(Pininfarina coupe, 2.8-litre 1965 model): Maximum speed 112mph. 0-60mph 12.7sec. Standing 1/4-mile 18.7sec. Typical fuel consumption 18mpg.
Lancia Flaminia Sport Zagato