|Horch 850 Car range|
|Body versions :||Touring Cars , Roadster ,Pullman Limousine ,Cabriolet , Landaulet|
|Engines:||5.0 liters (74-88 kW)|
|Curb weight :||2400-2810 kg|
The Horch 850 was a passenger car of the upper class with eight-cylinder in - line engine , which brought out the belonging to Auto Union German brand Horch 1935 as a successor to the type 500 B ( Horch 8 ). In the Zwickau Horch factory, around 2,200 vehicles of all variants were built in 1940 , until the 850-successor Horch 951 A was set up in the war .
The vehicles had a 5-liter eight-cylinder in- line engine with positive shaft nantrieb the overhead camshaft installed, developed the 100 hp and powered by a four-speed gearbox with shift lever in the center of the car rear wheels . On request, a " overdrive " overdrive was available, which was activated with an additional shift lever. The chassiswith 3.75 m wheelbase largely corresponded to the previous model Horch 500 B, but was the lead framewith cross traverse no longer made of open U-profiles, but stiffer box sections, but which caused 100 kg more weight. The suspension now consisted of two transverse leaf springs in the front, the rear axle was used with Underslung -Halbfedern the predecessor. All versions had drum brakes with hydraulic actuation ("oil pressure brake") and Bosch Dewandre suction air assist ( servo brake ). The rear fuel tank contained 95 liters, which provided an average fuel consumption of 22 l / 100 km for over 400 km range. The factory-internal Horch 851 mentioned variant had, inter alia, additional interior with retractable cutting disc to the driver, double bumpers and larger tires.
1936 Horch 850 Sport Cabriolet
In addition, was until the end of 1936 in the program, the factory-built type 853 two-door Cabriolet Horch 850 Sport with 25 cm less wheelbase (3.5 m) and a rear "double joint axis " ( De-Dion axis ) instead of the rigid axle. The Pullman - sedans and sports convertibles produced the Horch body itself, while glasses built the four-door Pullman convertible cars in Dresden on the information provided from Zwickau chassis. On request, special bodies of other manufacturers were available.
With a modified camshaft and the increased from 5.8 to 6.1: 1 compression ratio increased in 1937, the engine output to 120 hp. The special bodies accounted for. Also in 1937 was presented as the successor to the 851 Horch 951 with a 9 cm longer body (5.64 m). The car with perforated disc or wire spoke wheels now also had the De Dion ("double joint") - rear axle of the type 853. In the same year followed the Horch 951 A with standard overdrive, which was now referred to as highway - "distance". The 1940 built 951 A was also available as a four-door convertible and six-seater touring car .
The now officially Horch 853 sports convertible received in 1937 also the stronger 120-horsepower engine. The model had 5 cm less wheelbase (3.45 m) than its predecessor 850 Sport. The successor Horch 853 A with standard highway "distance" came in the same year.
As a special version of the 853 A Roadster appeared in 1938, the Horch 855 with a reduced to 3.3 m wheelbase chassis. War conditioned 1939, the production of all sports convertible and -Roadster set.
The Pullman models with long wheelbase (850/851, 951/951 A) were built about 1200 times, the sports convertibles (850 Sport, 853/853 A) about 1000 times. From the short special roadster Horch 855 three specimens were created at Horch; according to other information seven.
It is estimated that 10 to 15 percent of all 853/853 A chassis received individually manufactured special bodies. So Erdmann & Rossi built in 1937 on the basis of Horch 853 a private car for the racing driver Bernd Rosemeyer , who called this two-seater coupe "Manuela".
Horch 853 Erdmann & Rossi body Sport Cabriolet