Honda Accord Third generation
|Also called||Honda Vigor (Japan)|
Marysville, Ohio, USA (Marysville Auto Plant) Sayama, Japan Nelson, New Zealand(Honda New Zealand) Alliston, Ontario (HCM)
|Designer||Toshi Oshika (1983)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door coupe 3-door hatchback 3-door shooting-brake (AeroDeck) 4-door sedan|
|Engine||1.6L A16A1 I4, 88 hp (66 kW) 1.8L A18A I4, 110 hp (82 kW) 1.8L B18A I4, 100 hp (75 kW) 2.0L A20A1/A20A2 I4, 98 hp (73 kW) 2.0L A20A3/A20A4 I4, 120 hp (89 kW) 2.0L B20A I4, 160 hp (119 kW) 2.0L B20A2 I4, 142 hp (106 kW) 2.0L B20A8 I4, 133 hp (99 kW)|
|Transmission||4-speed automatic 5-speed manual|
|Wheelbase||2,601 mm (102.4 in)|
|Length||Hatchback: 4,440 mm (174.8 in) 1986-1987 Sedan: 4,549 mm (179.1 in) 1988-1989 Sedan & Coupe: 4,564 mm (179.7 in)|
|Width||Hatchback & Coupe: 1,694 mm (66.7 in) Sedan: 1,712 mm (67.4 in)|
|Height||Hatchback & Coupe: 1,336 mm (52.6 in) Sedan: 1,356 mm (53.4 in)|
The third generation Accord was introduced in Japan on June 4, 1985 and in Europe and North America later that year. It had a very striking exterior design styled by Toshi Oshika in 1983, that resonated well with buyers internationally. One notable feature was the flip-up headlights. Because this generation was also sold as the Honda Vigor, the Accord received the concealed headlights. Honda's Japanese dealership channel called Honda Verno all had styling elements that helped identify products only available at Honda Verno. As a result, Japanese market Accords had a Honda Verno styling feature, but were sold at newly established Japanese dealerships Honda Clio with the all-new, luxury Honda Legend sedan, and international Accords were now visually aligned with the Prelude, the CR-X, and the new Integra. Honda Accords of this generation were manufactured without the concealled headlights and sold in Europe.
At its introduction in 1985, it won the Car of the Year Japan Award.
The third generation Accord became the first Honda to employ double wishbones at both the front and rear ends. While more expensive than competitors' MacPherson strut systems, this setup provided better stability and sharper handling for the vehicle. All had front sway bars and upper models had rear sway bars as well. Brakes were either small 4-wheel discs with twin-piston calipers (only available on the JDM 2.0-Si model ), larger 4-wheel discs with single piston calipers, or a front disc/rear drum system. ABS was available as an option on the 4-wheel disc brake models, though not in North America. Base model Accords rode on 13-inch steel wheels with hubcaps with more expensive models having the option of 14-inch alloy wheels.
The Accord's available engines varied depending on its market: Japan received the A18A, B18A, and B20A; Europe received the A16A1, A20A2, A20A4, B20A2 and B20A8, and North America received the A20A1 and A20A3.
The Accord's trim levels ranged from spartan to luxurious. In the Japanese home market, the Accord was available with a full power package, heated mirrors (optional), a digital instrument cluster (optional), sun roof (optional), cruise control, and climate control (which was also optional). Some North European export models also had heated front seats and head light washers. North American and Australian Accords were not available with most of these options, presumably (and in the U.S. in particular) because Honda was seen as a builder of economy cars, and not to cannibalize sales from the recently introduced Acura line.
Throughout the different markets, in addition to the sedan model the Accord was available with different bodystyles which included a 3-door hatchback, a 3-door shooting-brake called Accord Aerodeck, and a 2-door coupe which was added in 1987 for the 1988 model year. The 3-door hatchback was not available in Europe while the Aerodeck was not available in the USA and Canada. The coupe, which was, built exclusively in Honda's Marysville, Ohio factory, were 'reverse exported' back to Japan where it was known as the US-Coupe CA6.
The third-generation Accord was sold in Japan and Europe as a three-door hatchback with a flat roof over the rear seats, known in Europe as a shooting-brake. It was offered only in Japan and Europe. The bodystyle of a flat roof hatchback was also used on the third generation Honda Civic subcompact, the second generation Honda City supermini and the first generation Honda Today kei car. The Honda CR-X was the only three-door hatchback that adopted a fastback, sloping rear hatch, demonstrating a performance car appearance identified with Honda Verno products during the mid-1980s.
In North America, the Accord Coupe was offered instead, and the popularity of the coupe showed to win out over the AeroDeck, and upon the coupe's introduction in Japan and Europe in 1987, the AeroDeck was cancelled due to lack of sales at the end of the generation's production. The "Aerodeck" name was reused on the Honda Civic 5-door stationwagon (estate), sold in the UK from 1996 to 2000. In parts of Continental Europe, the Honda Accord 4-door station wagon (estate) was also called the Accord Aerodeck from 1990 until 2008, when the name of the estate was renamed the "Accord Tourer". Here's a Japanese television commercial for the Aero Deck The AeroDeck was only available in Japan at Honda Clio dealerships as a variation of the Honda Accord.
The cargo handling abilities of the AeroDeck were ceded to the fourth generation Accord station wagon (estate) in 1990. The AeroDeck was unique to the Accord model line, as the AeroDeck was not available as a Honda Vigor, as the Accord and Vigor were mechanically identical. The AeroDeck returned an aerodynamic value of .34, and the 2600 mm wheelbase returned a spacious interior for both front and rear passengers, on par with a mid-size sedan. Unfortunately, the appearance was not well received in Japan, as the introduction of the Accord Coupe was more well liked. The appearance was more popular in the United Kingdom.
The Aerodeck was equipped with a four-wheel double wishbone suspension, which gave both a comfortable ride and cornering performance. In addition, speed-sensitive power steering is included, which gives the car easy turning assistance at speeds below 40 kilometres per hour (25 mph) during operation, such as parallel parking. Note that the top model in Japan "2.0Si" is to 4w-ALB (4-wheel ABS ) are standard equipment (with option to upgrade in other trim packages).
"2.0Si" to the type B20A DOHC 16-valve 2.0L PGM-FI 160PS (145PS net output) engines are equipped with, shared with the Honda Prelude, and Honda Vigor. At that time adopted an aluminum block still rare, despite the light weight engine DOHC, in those days was the world's commercial vehicle output per engine weight. In addition, DOHC 16-valve 1.8L B18A-type CV Dual Carburetor 130ps, type A18A SOHC twelve valves 1.8L Single Carburetor 110PS, SOHC 12-valve 2.0L PGM type for the European market and A20A4-FI · 130PS, A20A2 2.0L SOHC 12-valve engine had a single Carburetor type 105PS.
Visibility from the driver's seat and passenger seat was better due to the lower instrument panel design of the front window and a large windshield. And switches are arranged efficiently and at the time was the driving position can be fine-tuned adjustments.
Because of the shape of the vehicle and the flat roof that continued to the rear of the vehicle, opening the rear hatch had some drawbacks in low clearance environments. The lower part of the hatch was not like one used on a station wagon that went all the way down to the rear bumper, so loading cargo into the back wasn't as convenient as a conventional station wagon with a one piece hatchback. The rear hatch also wrapped into the rear roof, similar to a gull wing door so that the rear glass was in two pieces, one for the back window, and another partially on the rear roof. When open, the hatch rose above the roof at a right angle, providing additional overhead clearance when the hatch was open.
Moreover, because of the emphasis on aiding rear-seat passenger entry, a longer front door was installed, and because power windows were not installed on the lower trim packages "LX", "LX-S" and as such, the window regulator opening felt heavy.