|Goliath pioneer from 1931 to 1934|
|Body versions :||Coupé , convertible|
|Wheelbase :||1900 mm|
|Curb weight :||350 kg|
The Goliath pioneer was a microcar of the Hansa Lloyd and Goliath works Borgward & Tecklenborg in Bremen-Hastedt .
On the basis of the successful commercial vehicle Blitzkarren presented Borgward at the Berlin Motor Show in 1931 before its first car. The production began in the same year , according to other sources until the beginning of 1932. The poor economic situation in Germany caused by the global economic crisis was caused, led to also mean the population, if any, could still buy low-priced micro-automobiles.
The last model year was 1934. Shortly before the end of production, the pioneer received a new streamlined body with hatchback . Altogether 4000 copies were sold in 3 years, of it only few hundred with hatchback. By improving the overall economic situation in Germany in the Third Reich , the very simple car was at a sale price of just under 1,500 Reichsmark no longer interesting for some well-heeled buyers and its production was discontinued.
Engine, transmission and chassis
The pioneer was available with two different engines right from the start. Both were single-cylinder two-stroke engines , came from ILO ,and were installed in the rear of the three-wheeled vehicles. The weaker had a power of 5.5 hp (4 kW) at 3200 rpm. With a bore of 61 mm and a stroke of 68 mm, the capacity was 198 cc. The compression ratio was given as 5.2: 1. A single Zenith gasifier prepared the mixture.
The more powerful engine was a drilled version of the weaker from the same manufacturer, had a displacement of 247 cc (bore × stroke = 68 mm × 68 mm) and made 6.7 hp (5 kW) at 3200 / min. Compression and carburetor corresponded to those of the weaker model.
The maximum speed of the Goliath pioneer was 50 km / h according to other sources at 60 km / h.
All cars had an unsynchronized three-speed gearbox with middle circuit (stick circuit). The rear wheels were driven.
The superstructures were mounted on a U-profile Pressstahl frame girder. The single front wheel hung on a rocker arm with cantilever spring (leaf spring), the rear pendulum swing axle on two transverse leaf springs. The service brake worked mechanically on the rear wheels; the handbrake also mechanically on the single front wheel.
The mixture consumption (gasoline mixed with oil) of the Goliath Pioneer was 5 liters / 100 km. In front of the car, an 8-liter tank was installed.
Both types were available as two-door two-seat coupes and convertibles ; the doors were hinged in front. The bodies consisted of an ash wood frame , which with artificial leather was covered ( Weyman body ). The windshield was vertical and the headlights were on the A-pillars . In the first two years of production, the rear window was vertical. It was not until 1934 that there was a streamlined body with hatchback .
The three-wheeled vehicles with a curb weight of just under 350 kg and an engine displacement of 198 cc were allowed to drive without a driver's license and were exempt from motor vehicle tax.