Ford Elite car history from 1974 to 1976
1974 to 1976
Body versions :
Gasoline 5.8-7.5 liters
The Ford Elite (initially Gran Torino Elite ) was produced by the US automaker Ford coupe, which was offered from 1974 to 1976. The parallel model in the Mercury Division was the Cougar XR-7 .
Ford Elite History
Since the mid-1950s, Ford offered in the luxury class the Thunderbird , a large, exclusive and expensive coupe. The Thunderbird had become a full-size model in the course of the model development, which was hardly smaller than the company's largest sedans. In the below arranged so-called intermediateclass (middle class), the company had no independent coupes on offer. Although there were - as with other American car manufacturers as well - two-door versions of the regular middle class models such as the Torino , but they kept stylistically close to the sedans and were not perceived as independent models. The situation was similar in the 1960s among the competitorsGeneral Motors and Chrysler .
In 1970, General Motors released the Chevrolet Monte Carlo , a mid-range coupe with a distinctive design and high-quality features. The model, which was redesigned in 1973, quickly proved to be a market success that neither Ford nor Chrysler had anything to oppose. Both groups responded to the success of Monte Carlo: Chrysler developed the presented in the summer of 1974, Cordoba , while Ford Gran Torino derived the elite from his middle-class series.
Although the Gran Torino Elite was based basically on the technology of the third series of the Ford Torino , but was in essence a slightly modified version of the 1973 presented the Mercury Cougar. This is explained by the platform strategy that was already common in the US at the time .
The Ford brand was represented in the middle class with the model Torino. The Mercury Division offered under the name Montego its own version of this model, which was stylistically independent. Although the Montego and the Torino shared all the technical components and parts of the glazing; However, the Montego had smooth-surfaced body lines, which stood out from the often perceived as bombastic forms of Torino. The Montego was available, inter alia, as a four-door and two-door sedan. A luxury version of the two-door Montego was sold from the summer of 1973 under the name Cougar. The two-door Montego and the Cougar differed externally only by a modified front end. The Cougar should compete against the Chevrolet Monte Carlo, among others.
When Ford developed its own mid-range coupe Elite, the company resorted to the Cougar and modified it externally. Instead of the four round headlights of the Cougar, the Ford version received two large individual headlights, which framed a wide grill and should remember the Ford Thunderbird. Doors, side panels and roof section remained unchanged to the cougar, so had no stylistic similarity to the Torino. Regardless, the car was called in his presentation in 1974 as Gran Torino Elite. Only the model year 1975, the additional designation Torino fell away.
Technically, the Gran Torino Elite or Elite was completely identical to the Mercury Cougar with options such as Metallic Glow paint, Power Power steel ot glass moonroof,Air conditioning with Automatic Temperature Contro ,Cruise contro and a gauge package with tachometer, oil pressure ammeter gauge, coolant temperature gauge.
The power sources were V8 engines from 5.8 to 7.5 liters displacement and 121 to 160 kW (165-218 hp); In 1975, the engine power changed to 107 and 163 kW (145-221 hp). In 1976, a longer rear axle ratio was used, which should reduce fuel consumption.
Starting from the model year 1977 the elite was expendable, since from this time the Ford Thunderbird on the platform of the Ford LTD II developed and was now positioned in the segment of the middle class.In three years, Ford produced a total of 366,500 copies of the elite. In the individual model years originated 96.604 (1974), 123.372 (1975) and 146.475 vehicles (1976).
- Production period:1974-1976
- Body versions : Coupe
- Engine Fuel:Gasoline
- Engines Size: 5.8-7.5 liters
- Engines power:145-221 hp
- 351 cu in (5.8 L) Windsor V8
- 400 cu in (6.6 L) Cleveland V8
- 460 cu in (7.5 L) 385 V8
- Transmission 3-speed automatic
- Brakes:front disc, rear drum
- Length: 5489 mm
- Width: 1994 mm
- Height: 1349 mm
- Wheelbase :2896 mm
- Curb weight :1854-1889 kg