Ford Mustang first generation
Body and chassis
2-door hardtop 2-door fastback 2-door convertible
108 inches (2,700 mm)
181.6 inches (4,610 mm)
68.2 inches (1,730 mm)
51.2 inches (1,300 mm)
2,445 pounds (1,109 kg) (base)
Since it was introduced five months before the normal start of the 1965 production year and manufactured alongside 1964 Ford Falcons and 1964 Mercury Comets, the earliest Mustangs are widely referred to as the 1964½ model. A more accurate description is the "early 1965" model because it underwent significant changes at the beginning of the regular model year. All the early cars, however, were marketed by Ford as 1965 models. The low-end model hardtop used a "U-code" 170 cu in (2.8 L) straight-6 engine. with a three-speed manual transmission and retailed for US$2,368. Standard equipment for the early 1965 Mustangs included black front seat belts, a glove box light, and a padded dash board.Production began in March 1964 and official introduction following on April 17 at the 1964 World's Fair.
1964 Ford Mustang first generation convertible
Several changes to the Mustang occurred at the start of the normal 1965 model year production, five months after its introduction. These cars are known as "late 65's," and were built after factory retooling in August 1964. The engine lineup was changed, with a 200 cu in (3.3 L) "T-code" engine that produced 120 hp (89 kW; 122 PS). Production of the "F-code" 260 cu in (4.3 L) engine ceased when the 1964 model year ended. It was replaced with a new 200 hp (150 kW) "C-code" 289 cu in (4.7 L) engine with a two-barrel carburetor as the base V8. An "A-code" 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS) four-barrel carbureted version was next in line, followed by the unchanged "Hi-Po" "K-code" 271 hp (202 kW; 275 PS) 289. The DC electrical generator was replaced by a new AC alternator on all Fords (a way to distinguish a 1964 from a 1965 is to see if the alternator light on the dash says "GEN" or "ALT"). The Mustang GT version was introduced as the "GT Equipment Package" and included a V8 engine (most often the 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS) 289), grille-mounted fog lamps, rocker panel stripes, and disc brakes. In the interior the GT option added a different instrument panel that included a speedometer, fuel gauge, temp. gauge, oil pressure gauge and ammeter in five round dials (the gauges were not marked with numbers, however.) A four-barrel carbureted engine was now available with any body style. Additionally, reverse lights were an option added to the car in 1965. The Mustang was originally available as either a hardtop or convertible, but during the car's early design phases a fastback model was strongly considered. Also in 1965 Shelby Mustang was born, it was available only in newly introduced fastback body version with its swept-back rear glass and distinctive ventilation louvers.
1965 Ford Mustang first generation
The standard interior features of the 1965 Mustang included adjustable driver and passenger bucket seats, an AM radio, and a floor mounted shifter in a variety of color options. Ford added additional interior options during the 1965 model year. The Interior Decor Group was popularly known as "Pony Interior" due to the addition of embossed running ponies on the seat fronts, and also included integral armrests, woodgrain appliqué accents, and a round gauge cluster that would replace the standard Falcon instrumentation. Also available were sun visors, a (mechanical) remote-operated mirror, a floor console, and a bench seat. Ford later offered an under-dash air-conditioning unit, and discontinued the vinyl with cloth insert seat option, offered only in early 1965 models. One option designed strictly for fun was the Rally-Pac. Introduced in 1963 after Ford's success at that year's Monte Carlo Rally and available on other Ford and Mercury compacts and intermediates, the Rally-Pac was a combination clock and tachometer mounted to the steering column. It was available as a factory ordered item for US$69.30. Installed by a dealer, the Rally-Pac cost US$75.95. Reproductions are presently available from any number of Mustang restoration parts sources. A compass, rear seat belts, A/C, and back-up lights were also optional.
Nationwide survey of owners by Popular Mechanics included many complaints about leg room. Fuel economy was good at 20 mpg at 60 mph.
1966 Ford Mustang convertible
The 1966 Mustang debuted with moderate trim changes including a new grille, side ornamentation, wheel covers and gas cap. A cruisematic three-speed auto transmission became available for the 225 hp V8. The 289 "hipo" K code engine was offered with an automatic c4 transmission, it had stronger internals and a hipo automatic transmission can be identified by the outer casing of the servo is marked with a 'C'. The long duration solid-lifter camshaft that allowed the high revving 289 to make the horsepower it was known for, was not friendly for a non stall speed automatic torque converter. The "HiPo" could be spotted very easily by the 1-inch-thick (25 mm) vibration damper, (as compared to 1/2 inch on the 225-hp version) the absence of a vacuum advance unit on the dual point distributor. With the valve covers off, there is a large letter "K" stamped between the valve springs, that along with screw in studs (vs. a pressed in stud for other 289s) for the adjustable rocker arms. A large number of new paint and interior color options, an AM/eight-track sound system, and one of the first AM/FM mono automobile radios was also offered. It also removed the Falcon instrument cluster; the previously optional features, including the round gauges and padded sun visors, became standard equipment. The Mustang convertible would be the best-selling in 1966, with 72,119 sold, beating the number two Impala by almost 2:1.
1966 Ford Mustang convertible Fastback GT rear view
The 1965 and 1966 Mustangs are differentiated by variations in the exterior, despite similar design. These variations include the emblem on the quarter-panels behind the doors. In 1965 the emblem was a single vertical piece of chrome, while in 1966 the emblem was smaller in height and had three horizontal bars extending from the design, resembling an "E". The front intake grilles and ornaments were also different. The 1965 front grille used a "honeycomb" pattern, while the 1966 version was a "slotted" style. While both model years used the "Horse and Corral" emblem on the grille, the 1965 had four bars extending from each side of the corral, while on the 1966, these bars were removed. 1966 saw introduction of 'High Country Special' limited edition, 333 of them were sold in Colorado, Wyoming, and Nebraska.
When Ford wanted to introduce the Mustang in Germany, they discovered that Krupp company had already registered the name for a truck.The German company offered to sell the rights for US$10,000. Ford refused and removed Mustang badges from exported units, instead naming the cars as T-5 (a pre-production Mustang project name) for the German market until 1979 when Krupp copyrights expired.
|engine displacement, type, carburetor type||max. motive power at rpm||max. torque at rpm|
|170 cu in (2.8 L) Thriftpower I6 (1964) 1-barrel||105 bhp (78 kW; 106 PS) @ 4,400||156 lb·ft (212 N·m) @ 2,400|
|200 cu in (3.3 L) Thriftpower I6 (1965–1966) 1-barrel||120 bhp (89 kW; 122 PS) @ 4,400||190 lb·ft (258 N·m) @ 2,400|
|260 cu in (4.3 L) Windsor V8 (1964) 2-barrel||164 bhp (122 kW; 166 PS) @ 4,400||258 lb·ft (350 N·m) @ 2,200|
|289 cu in (4.7 L) Windsor V8 (1965–1966) 2-barrel||200 bhp (149 kW; 203 PS) @ 4,400||282 lb·ft (382 N·m) @ 2,400|
|289 cu in (4.7 L) Windsor V8 (1964) 4-barrel||210 bhp (157 kW; 213 PS) @ 4,400||300 lb·ft (407 N·m) @ 2,800|
|289 cu in (4.7 L) Windsor V8 (1965–1966) 4-barrel||225 bhp (168 kW; 228 PS) @ 4,800||305 lb·ft (414 N·m) @ 3,200|
|289 cu in (4.7 L) Windsor HiPo V8 (1964–1966) 4-barrel||271 bhp (202 kW; 275 PS) @ 6,000||312 lb·ft (423 N·m) @ 3,400|
The 1967 model year Mustang was the first redesign of the original model. Ford's designers began drawing up a larger versions even as the original was achieving sales success, and while "Iacocca later complained about the Mustang's growth, he did oversee the 1967 redesign."The major mechanical feature was to allow the installation of a big-block V8 engine. The overall size, interior and cargo space were increased. Exterior trim changes included concave taillights, side scoop (1967) and chrome (1968) side ornamentation, square rear-view mirrors, and usual yearly wheel and gas cap changes. The high-performance 289 option was placed behind the newer 320 hp (239 kW; 324 PS) 390 cu in (6.4 L) FE engine from the Ford Thunderbird, which was equipped with a four-barrel carburetor. A 390 GT engine, and a 4-speed manual transmission recorded quarter mile times of approximately 13 seconds and trap speeds of over 105 mph (169 km/h). During the mid-1968 model year, a drag racer for the street could be ordered with the optional 428 cu in (7.0 L) Cobra Jet engine which was officially rated at 335 hp (250 kW; 340 PS) all of these Mustangs were issued R codes on their VIN#'s.
The 1967 and 1968 models discontinued the "Pony Interior" in favor of a new deluxe interior package, which included special color options, brushed stainless steel (1967) or woodgrain (1968) trim, seat buttons, a tilt steering wheel, and special interior paneling. The 1968 models that were produced during 1968 were also the first year to incorporate 3 point lap and shoulder belts as opposed to the standard lap belts. The air-conditioning option was fully integrated into the dash, the speakers and stereo were upgraded, and unique center and overhead consoles were options. The fastback model offered the option of a rear fold-down seat, and the convertible was available with folding glass windows. Gone too was the Rally-Pac, since the new instrument cluster had provisions for an optional tachometer and clock. Its size and shape also precluded the installation of the accessory atop the steering column. The convenience group with four warning lights for low fuel, seat belt reminder, parking brake not released, and door ajar were added to the instrument panel, or, if one ordered the optional console and A/C, the lights were mounted on the console.
1968 Ford Mustang
Changes for the 1968 model increased safety with a two-spoke energy-absorbing steering wheel, along with newly introduced shoulder belts. Other changes included front and rear side markers, "FORD" lettering removed from hood, rearview mirror moved from frame to windshield, a 302 cu in (4.9 L) V8 engine was now available, and C-Stripe graphics were added.
The California Special Mustang, or GT/CS, was visually based on the Shelby model and was only sold in Western states. Its sister, the 'High Country Special', was sold in Denver, Colorado. While the GT/CS was only available as a coupe, the 'High Country Special' model was available in fastback and convertible configurations during the 1966 and 1967 model years, and as a coupe for 1968
1968 Ford Mustang Fastback-GT.
|engine displacement, type, carburetor type||max. motive power at rpm||max. torque at rpm|
|200 cu in (3.3 L) Thriftpower I6 (1968) 1-barrel||115 bhp (86 kW; 117 PS) @ 4,400||190 lb·ft (258 N·m) @ 2,400|
|200 cu in (3.3 L) Thriftpower I6 (1967) 1-barrel||120 bhp (89 kW; 122 PS) @ 4,400||190 lb·ft (258 N·m) @ 2,400|
|289 cu in (4.7 L) Windsor V8 (1968) 2-barrel||195 bhp (145 kW; 198 PS) @ 4,600||288 lb·ft (390 N·m) @ 2,600|
|289 cu in (4.7 L) Windsor V8 (1967) 2-barrel||200 bhp (149 kW; 203 PS) @ 4,400||282 lb·ft (382 N·m) @ 2,400|
|302 cu in (4.9 L) Windsor V8 (1968) 2-barrel||210 bhp (157 kW; 213 PS) @ 4,600||300 lb·ft (407 N·m) @ 2,600|
|289 cu in (4.7 L) Windsor V8 (1967) 4-barrel||225 bhp (168 kW; 228 PS) @ 4,800||305 lb·ft (414 N·m) @ 3,200|
|302 cu in (4.9 L) Windsor V8 (1968) 4-barrel||230 bhp (172 kW; 233 PS) @ 4,800||310 lb·ft (420 N·m) @ 2,800|
|289 cu in (4.7 L) Windsor HiPo V8 (1967) 4-barrel||271 bhp (202 kW; 275 PS) @ 6,000||312 lb·ft (423 N·m) @ 3,400|
|390 cu in (6.4 L) FE V8 (1968) 2-barrel||270 bhp (201 kW; 274 PS) @ 4,400||401 lb·ft (544 N·m) @ 2,600|
|390 cu in (6.4 L) FE V8 (1967) 4-barrel||320 bhp (239 kW; 324 PS) @ 4,800||427 lb·ft (579 N·m) @ 3,200|
|390 cu in (6.4 L) FE V8 (1968) 4-barrel||325 bhp (242 kW; 330 PS) @ 4,800||427 lb·ft (579 N·m) @ 3,200|
|390 cu in (6.4 L) FE V8 (1969) 4-barrel||320 bhp (239 kW; 324 PS) @ 4,600||427 lb·ft (579 N·m) @ 3,200|
|428 cu in (7.0 L) Cobra Jet V8 (1968) 4-barrel||335 bhp (250 kW; 340 PS) @ 5,200||440 lb·ft (597 N·m) @ 3,400|
The Mustang fastback gained popular culture status when used in the crime thriller Bullitt (1968). Lt. Frank Bullitt, played by actor Steve McQueen, drove a modified Highland Green 1968 Mustang GT fastback with 390 cu in (6.4 L) 4V engine, chasing two hitmen in a black 1968 Dodge Charger in the film's car chase through the streets of San Francisco.