Ford Prefect E93A
|Production||1938–49 199,493 produced|
|Assembly||United Kingdom Australia|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door saloon 4-door saloon 2-door tourer [2-door drophead coupé 2-door van (Australia) 2-door coupé utility (Australia) 2-door roadster utility (Australia)|
|Related||Ford Anglia Ford Popular|
|Engine||1172 cc Ford Straight-4 side-valve|
|Wheelbase||87 in (2,200 mm)|
|Length||151 in (3,800 mm)|
|Width||61 in (1,500 mm)|
|Height||63.5 in (1,610 mm)|
The Ford Prefect was introduced in October 1938 and built by the Ford plant in Dagenham, Essex. The original Ford Prefect was a slight reworking of the previous year's 7Y, the first Ford car designed outside of Detroit, Michigan. It was designed specifically for the British market. It had a 1172 cc side-valve engine with thermocirculation radiator (no pump) and the ability to be started by a crank handle should the battery not have sufficient power to turn the starter motor running from the 6 Volt charging system. The windscreen wipers were powered by the vacuum ported from the engine intake manifold — as the car laboured uphill the wipers would slow to a standstill due to the intake manifold vacuum dropping to near nil, only to start working again as the top was reached and the intake vacuum increased. The windscreen opened forward pivoting on hinges on the top edge; two flaps either side of the scuttle also let air into the car.
The most common body styles were two- and four-door saloons, but pre war a few tourers and drophead coupés were made. Post war, only four-door saloons were available on the home market, but two-door models were made for export.
41,486 were made up to 1941 and a further 158,007 between 1945 and 1948.