Fiat 127 First generation (1971–1977)
2 or 4 door sedan
Years of production
1971 to 1977
The Fiat 127 is a car produced by FIAT that the house Turin from 1971 to 1987 . The FIAT internal project code is X1 / 4.
Fiat 127 1st gen History
It was put on sale in 1971, as heir to the Fiat 850 ,In 1970 , 648,000 cars were produced in Italy with a cylinder capacity of between 1,000 and 1,500 cm³ , 447,000 cars with a cylinder capacity of less than 500 cm³ and only 220,000 cars with displacements of between 500 and 1,000 cm³.
Compared to the car that preceded it, the 127 represents a significant step forward: the engine is front transverse (rather than rear ), traction is on the front wheels(before it was rear ), the floor is completely new, the suspensions follow the pattern with 4 independent wheels with Mc Pherson front suspension and transverse rear leaf spring suspension . Of the 850 the 100 4 cylinder engine with camshaft is preservedlateral and distribution with rods and rocker arms, mounted in the 903 cm³ version of the 850 Sport Coupé , but reduced to 47 HP delivered at 6200 rpm . and with a maximum torque of 6.3 kgm. at 3500 rpm
Many of the technological innovations had also been tested within the FIAT group itself on the Autobianchi A112 , presented a couple of years before and which will also be one of the most aggressive sales opponents, particularly on the domestic market.
Compared to its ancestor, the 127 is also much more modern and spacious on the inside. Even the trunk is much wider (365 dm³). The interior focuses on rationality, both in the exploitation of space (the habitability for 4 people is very good and makes the car suitable for the needs of a small family), both in the furnishings.
The style of the car is the work of Pio Manzù (son of the sculptor Giacomo ) and of Rodolfo Bonetto (nephew of the pilot Felice ); Manzù did not have time to see the completion of his work, because he died in a car accident just as he was going to Turin for the official presentation of the maquette .
On the road, in addition, the new small car Fiat has excellent behavior: the grip is high, performance is brilliant (over 140 km / h of speed maximum) and low fuel consumption. Of good level even the gearbox 4 speed, and the system brake , equipped with disc brakes front and drum rear.
The success of the model, both by the public and by the critics, was immediate, well represented by the conquest, in the year of the presentation, of the coveted Car of the Year award .
The only criticisms came from the countries of Northern Europe , where limited problems of corrosion of the metal parts were found , exacerbated by cold climates and by the presence of deicing salt on the roads. This problem, attributable to the modest anti-corrosion treatments, was, on the other hand, recurrent on almost all the Italian models of the period and did not constitute a serious handicap in the dissemination of 127, which in November 1974 reached the million copies produced.
In April 1972 the standard version was joined by the 3p , equipped with a rear hatch, while from 1975 it was available, both for the 2- door version and for the 3- door version , the "Special" finish level, which stood out for a different dashboard, for the two - color seats with headrests on request, for the lateral profiles in metal and rubber , for the reversing light, for the different bumpers with rubberized profile, for the specific wheel covers , for the new square mesh mask, for the chromed profiles on the drips, on the lights front and rear, on the internal and external door opener handles, on the panels, on the armrests and even on the outside of the glass gaskets.
From July 1976 , the 4-door version appears in Italian price lists (only in the "Special" version), produced by the Spanish company SEAT , in that period in a joint venture with FIAT. The cars showed slight variations in the finish and interior equipment, but bore the FIAT mark. The collaboration agreement provided for the export to Spain of 25,000 128 3P.Alberto Bellucci, Le belle d'estate , L'Automobile , n.13 of 1976, pag.59
At the beginning of 1976, to meet the anti-pollution regulations that had just entered into force, the engine was suitably modified; we work on the distribution and more precisely on a reduction of the phases ( suction from 25 ° / 51 ° to 17 ° / 43 °, discharge from 64 ° / 12 ° to 57 ° / 3 °) and on the decrease of the valve lift, increased from 8.8 to 8.4 mm. A new carburettor with a 22 mm diffuser ( Weber 30 IBA 22) is also adopted , instead of the original 24 mm one (Weber 32 IBA 20). With this change the engine becomes less bright and less gritty; fuel consumption, according to the magazine Quattroruote , also increased on average by 10%. These are the new delivery data: powermax. 45 hp / din at 5600 rpm Max. Torque 6.5 kgm / din at 3000 rpm
Fiat 127 1st gen Technical details
- Bodywork : 2 door Sedan Later also 4 door
- Engine position : front transverse
- Drive Traction : front wheel drive
- Length:3595 mm
- Width:1525 mm
- Height:1360 mm
- Mass:700 kg
- Minimum turning circle diameter : 9.60 m
- Wheelbase : 2225 mm
- Total seats : 4
- Tank : 30 l
- Motor type : 4- cylinder
- compression ratio: 9: 1
- Bore x stroke: 65 x 68 mm; 903 cm³
- Distribution : 2-valve withside camshaft
- Power supply : Weber 32 IBA carburetor 20
- Engine performance Power : 47 hp at 6,200 rpm
- Torque : 6.3 mkg DIN at 3,500 rpm
- Ignition : distributor with platinum contacts.
- Electrical system : 12 V , dynamo 230 W January 1973 34-amp alternator
- Clutch : dry single-disc
- Gearbox: 4-speed
- Car body:Self-supporting metal body
- Steering:rack and pinion
- Suspensionfront: McPherson, oscillating transverse arms and longitudinal reaction struts
- Brakes: front: disc / rear: drum ; with hydraulic control.
- Tires:135-SR x 13
- TopSpeed : 140 km h