Fiat 130 car range and history
|Vehicle technical details|
|Production:||1969 to 1976|
|Designer:|| Gian Paolo Boano |
for Fiat Style Center
|Top speed:||185 km / h|
|Body and chassis|
|Engine and Powertrain|
|Transmission:||five-speed manual,Warner automatic|
|Brakes:||disc front and rear|
|Fuel supply:||Weber 42 DFC double-barrel|
|Weights and Dimensions|
|Weight:||1500 k g|
The Fiat 130 sedan is a car produced and marketed by FIAT between 1969 and 1976 . The internal project code of the car was X1 / 3.
Fitted with an engine 6 -cylinder V- powered petrol, he had a displacement of 2.8 liters subsequently increased to 3.2 liters.
Its marketing ended after 8 years of production, and in total less than 20,000 were manufactured, even considering all the versions and engines .
Given the now evident obsolescence of models such as the 2300 Lusso , the leaders of FIAT decided to set up the design of a Gran Turismo sedan.Despite the doubts and concerns expressed at the time by the designers ( Dante Giacosa in the first place) on the opportunity to produce a car not destined for the mass market, which has always been a "historical" prerogative of FIAT, during the gestation of the model the engineers studied a refined mechanics, characterized by particular technical solutions, combined with a bodywork characterized by a decidedly classic, balanced line, and by the wide availability of interior space both front and rear, typical of the "three volumes" produced at the time by many car manufacturers competitors.The design of the sedan began in 1963 .
The technical office directed by Dante Giacosa created a chassis characterized by the technical solution of theindependent 4- wheel suspension , while Aurelio Lampredi (formerly Ferrari ) developed a 6-cylinder engine with 2866 cm³ delivering 140 bhp .It is commonly believed that this engine is derived from Ferrari's "V6 Dino", instead a comparison shows that there is no technical relationship between the two engines: on the V6 Dino the cylinder banks form a 65 ° angle, with hemispherical combustion chambers, valves inclined and double camshaft per bank (later, version with four valves per cylinder). On the Fiat 130 engine, a 60 ° angle between the cylinder banks, truncated-conical combustion chambers and in-line valves moved directly from a camshaft, and a bore considerably higher than the stroke. Indeed the engine was the result of a specific project which considered the study of the four-cylinder Fiat 128 enlarged to a ratio of 2: 1 and adapted to a V6 architecture.Lampredi's main mistake was in-line and parallel rather than inclined valves: if this made it possible to have compact heads together with a low base to house the engine with space under the bonnet for the peripheral organs, nevertheless it worsened the performance and consumption in a disastrous way. The inclined valves (with rockers or finger tappets) would have allowed a polysferical combustion chamber and a higher lift with better "breathing". In the small engine of the Fiat 128 with valves aligned this deficit of efficiency did not manifest itself because the intake and exhaust manifolds were on the same side and, together with the lower volume of the cylinder (about 270cc), a gas rotary movement was created which improved the combustion.
The 3.2 engine was developed and used by Abarth for the Abarth SE030 prototype , winner of the 1974 Italian Automobile Tour , which foreshadowed the shapes and layout of the Lancia Beta Montecarlo , and for the Abarth 031 prototype that won the Automotive Tour of Italy in 1975 and foreshadowed the Fiat 131 Abarth Rally .
The car was completed by the adoption of rear-wheel drive , the adoption of 4 disc brakes , the use of the brake booster , and finally the adoption of the automatic transmission (Borg-Warner) with 3 ratios, which was supplied as original equipment while the 5-speed manual gearbox was available only on request, as an option.
From a stylistic point of view the sedan never met the public's favor completely, starting from its first presentation, which took place at the Geneva Motor Show in 1969.
The car was characterized by an overall balanced but rather "charged" exterior line, as it was weighed down by a considerable amount of useless frills, such as the large chrome-plated profiles that framed and traversed the excessively large rear lights, or the monolithic and baroque front grille, characterized by a rather elaborate and complex design.
On the 130 first series a dashboard with rectangular and aligned instruments was adopted, which stylistically recalled those of the American sedans of the time. On the second series it was replaced by a dashboard characterized by a more classic design, circular instruments and refined finishes, as it was used lacquered wood to decorate it. The interiors were characterized by the use of fine velvet or high quality leather to cover the saddlery. They were richly equipped with accessories such as power steering and air conditioning, the latter provided on request. The coupé version of the model was equipped with an exclusive option, as the controls for opening and closing the passenger door could be controlled independently by the driver of the vehicle.
After having tested it, the operators of the sector judged the car to be comfortable, safe and reliable on the road, but at the same time they noticed that it was considerably penalized by the considerable weight and the low power supplied by the engine that equipped it, around 140 HP. FIAT, during the year 1970, attempted to remedy this deficiency by increasing the volume of the propeller, resulting in a power increase of about twenty CVs, and the value of the same reached around 160hp. However, this value was still very far from those achieved by the engines of the same volume that equipped the models produced by competing brands, which reached almost 200 HP, and which were often characterized by the adoption of more refined technical solutions, such as mechanical injection.
The production of the Fiat 130 sedan ceased during 1976 , reaching a balance of 15,093 produced units (of which about six thousand equipped with the "2.8" engine and nine thousand equipped with the "3.2" engine), many of which were purchased by the State , made as armored cars, and subsequently used as a "blue car", while the Fiat 130 Coupé remained in production until the autumn of 1977, totaling 4,491 units produced.
The commercial failure of the 130 had as a primary consequence the total abandonment by the FIAT brand of the prestige car segment. In particular, the car manufacturer, having purchased the Ferrari and Lancia companies in the same year of 1969, focused its ambitions on these brands on top-end and luxury cars. In any case, we will have to wait until the 1980s, to witness the introduction on the automotive market of a model belonging to the segment of prestige cars produced by what in the meantime had become the "FIAT group".
Fiat 130 Agnelli family :This special version was designed by the Fiat Style Center, specifically for Gianni and Umberto Agnelli, in order to create an exclusive model of personal transport. It was a Station Wagon of clear American inspiration, stylistically based on the bodywork of the 130 3200 sedan, of which it also maintained the mechanics, and was built in a lot comprising only four specimens from the Introzzi Company of Lipomo, which was located near the lake of Como.
These copies of the Fiat 130 family were characterized by some peculiarities. One of them, metallic silver in color, known by the official name of Fiat 130 Villa d'Este, was characterized by the adoption of a large basket made of woven wicker between them, fixed to the luggage rack of the car. It was also characterized by the application of wooden panels, (solution borrowed from similar American models produced at the time) placed on the sides and on the tailgate. A second specimen, also in metallic silver color, was instead devoid of such trappings, but it had the canopy painted in a particular shade of metallic burgundy red. A third example looked similar to the second, but its roof was painted in a particular shade of metallic bronze, while its body was painted in a shade of ivory white. Of the fourth specimen there is a trace only on the official records of the Introzzi company, but its images are not currently available, nor is it known what its fate was. These cars were first used by some members of the Agnelli family. .