The V4 engine has not been widely used in cars, with Lancia, Ford and ZAZ the only companies to manufacture such an engine.
Lancia produced several narrow-angle V4 engines from the 1920s through 1960s for cars like the Lambda, Augusta, Artena, Aprilia, Ardea, Appia, and Fulvia.
Ford of Europe produced two totally different V4 engines with a balance shaft, one in the UK and one in Germany:
- The British Ford Essex V4 engine
- The German Ford Taunus V4 engine (also used by Saab, the Matra 530 and in the 1962 Ford Mustang I rear-engine concept roadster)
The Ukrainian manufacturer ZAZ used an air-cooled V4 with a balance shaft, produced by MeMZ and used in Zaporozhets and LuAZ cars.