Chevrolet Camaro Third generation
Body versions :
Coupe , convertible
Petrol engines : 2.5-5.7 liters
Curb weight :
The third-generation Camaro came in 1982 and lasted for 10 years, growing in power during that period and having many of the traits which made the
Camaro popular from its launch in 1967. As always, the Z28 was the performance option, and in 1992, the 25th anniversary of the model, the car got a Heritage appearance package in either red, white or black,With rally stripes. and continued the use of bolt-on spoilers and side skirt to modernize its appearance.
The live rear axle had a limited-slip differential and 3.42:1 gears, and was located on longitudinal links plus a Panhard rod for improved cornering. The 305ci (5-litre) V8 had electronic Tuned Port fuel injection with an individual runner for each cylinder, and Chevrolet made the car into more of a driver's machine by fitting a 5-speed manual gearbox as standard.Production cars could do 14-second quarter-miles. ".
The standard engine of the Camaro were large-volume V8 engines over 200 hp (about 150 kW). Also offered in-line six-cylinder engines, later V6 engines, in the 1980s, even four-cylinder in-line engines, were considered "savings versions".
History by years
In the spring of 1982, the third generation of the Camaro came on the market. These were the first models with injection , four-speed automatic transmission (instead of the previous three-speed automatic transmission), five-speed manual transmission (the four-speed manual remained in 1982 and some models of the years 1983/1984 series), 14- and 15-inch wheels , Tailgate and even a basic four-cylinder engine (as a result of the second oil crisis of 1979). The Camaro Z28 was voted Motor of the Year 1982 by the magazine Motor Trend . The third-generation Camaro had, according to general consensus, a better and curving chassis.
The basic sports coupe had a standard 2.5-liter four-cylinder engine. The 2.8-liter V6 engine and the 5-liter V8 engine were available on request. Standard equipment included deep-seated hubcaps; in car color painted aluminum wheels of size 7J × 14 was available at extra cost.
The equipment version "Berlinetta" was available with the six-cylinder engine or - for a surcharge - with the 5-liter V8 engine. Standard features included special 7J × 14 "gold-tone alloy wheels with" Berlinetta "hubs, special trim strips, gold-tone" Berlinetta "emblems, contrasting color headlamp cavities and black / black horizontal taillights. Inside, Berlinetta included special fabric covers and carpeting on the rear luggage rack and the rear wheel cutouts as well as additional insulating mats, additional instruments and a special steering wheel with "Berlinetta" emblem.
In the Z28, the 5-liter V8 engine or, on request, the five-liter engine with central "cross-fire" intake manifold injection was available. The carburettor machineThere were four-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission; she made 145 SAE net horsepower (147 DIN PS), the cross-fire V8 engine came to 165 hp, but was only with automatic transmission in the program. The contemporary sports coupe friends gave the Z28 good marks in terms of design and road holding, but criticized the low performance, especially compared to the then Ford Mustang GT with high-output five-liter V8 engine; Chevrolet later wanted to catch up with more powerful versions of the Camaro five-liter engine and replaced the four-speed manual and three-speed automatic transmissions with more modern five-speed manual and four-speed automatic transmissions, but Ford introduced similar improvements to the Mustang five-liter engine, despite the older body compared to the Camaro had many advantages,
All Z28 engines with central injectors had lightweight engine hoods with functional air intakes. General features of the Z28 were a modified front, a three-piece rear spoiler and front spoiler and sill and rear aprons in gold or silver. Above it was a bicoloured decorative strip. As standard also five-spoke aluminum wheels in the size 7J × 15 with silver or gold accents. Rear right on the bumper and on the sill aprons were Z28 emblems.
The Camaro served 1982 as "Pace Car" in Indianapolis; Chevrolet dealers sold over 6000 pace car replicas. The special edition featured a special silver and blue livery, trim trim, Z28 15-inch wheels and silver / blue interior with six-way adjustable Lear-Seigler sports seats. In the pace car replica, the regular engines of the Z28 were available. However, the actually used pace car was powered by a special, heavily reworked 5.7-liter V8 engine.
As just introduced completely new model of the Camaro remained in model year 1983 largely unchanged, but there was an important innovation in the engines: the considered vulnerable 165-horsepower five-liter V8 engine gave way shortly after the start of the model year, the new L69 five-liter Engine with quadruple carburetor and 190 hp (193 DIN PS), which the Camaro could better offer the arch rival Mustang.
Only 3223 copies of the L69 were made in the model year 1983, which makes it quite rare today. The basic Camaro and the Berlinetta were continued unchanged, with the exception of new paint colors.
The dashboard criticized for its build quality and appearance has been redesigned. The Berlinetta featured digital gauges as standard, as well as an overhead console and control satellites with switches for turn signals, cruise control, air conditioning, windscreen wipers and headlights.
On the drive side, the cross-fire five-liter engine was eliminated, versions with a manual transmission received a hydraulically actuated clutch, and the new overdrive automatic transmission type 700R4 was used instead of the three-speed automatic transmission.
The HO engine (L69) in the Z28 was now also available with automatic transmission.
In the 1985 model year, there was a lot of news - Chevrolet launched a new Camaro model, the famous IROC-Z , so named after the popular race series International Race of Champions . This had improved landing gear, trim and the tuned port injection of the Corvette engine, as well as new 16-inch five-spoke wheels and tires in size 245 / 50ZR16. For now, only the five-liter engine received the TPI injection; the 5.7-liter engine type L98 was only in the spring of 1986 and only with the 700R4 automatic transmission, to only in IROC-Z with 215 hp (218 DIN-PS) - in the normal Z28, the machine did not exist.
All vehicles of the model year 1985 received a modified front end with lower-reaching front aprons and front spoilers on the Z28 and the new IROC-Z. Instead of the special speedometer with double indicator needle for km / h and miles per hour now ordinary, up to 85 miles per hour reaching tachographs with a needle were used. The 2.8-liter V6 received an injection system , which increased its performance from 112 hp to 135 hp (114 DIN PS and 137 DIN PS). The rarely sold four-cylinder engine of the base model was discontinued after this year.
The Camaro received a (now legally required) third brake light. Only in the model year 1986, this sat on all models (base, Z28 and IROC-Z) on the rear window; later it was integrated in the rear spoiler. The five-liter engine with quad carburetor (L69) was the last time, the 2.8-liter V6 engine was standard in the base model - the four-cylinder engine was no longer. In the IROC-Z, the TPI five-liter engine delivered 190 hp instead of 215 (218 or 193 DIN hp). Chevrolet reportedly built a 1000 Camaro with the 5.7-liter V8 engine with Tuned Port Injection (TPI) d. H. a multipoint injection , but without air conditioning and it was not widely available.
After a long trial period, the IROC-Z now has the 5.7-liter engine with TPI and the 5-liter TPI V8 engine with five-speed gearbox. Externally, the 5.7-liter engine with TPI was indistinguishable from the TPI five-liter engine. The 5-liter TPI V8 engine provided with manual or automatic transmission 215 hp (218 DIN-PS). The V8 Camaro had new roller bearing rams and modified valve covers with central screws; the cylinder heads had improved seals. Camaro with the G92 and L98 engines received a new HD 7.75 differential from BorgWarner ex factory , which was manufactured by Holden in Australia. All IROC-Z of the 1987 model year with the 5.7-liter TPI engine had rearDisc brakes , self-locking differential and oil cooler.
The most striking change in the model year of 1987 was the integrated in the rear spoiler and not on the rear window mounted third brake light (with the exception of the base coupe without rear spoiler, where the light remained at the old place). The equipment variant Berlinetta did not exist anymore, they gave way to an LT model, basic and Z28 versions remained unchanged in the program. In the IROC-Z and the Z28, the speedometer now reached up to 145 mph (240 km / h), in the base model and in the LT up to 110 mph (180 km / h). The 2.8-liter V6 engine and the five-liter petrol engine remained unchanged.
New was, however, the Camaro convertible - the first since the model year 1969. The conversion led ASC based on the Camaro with T-top, which had a reinforced frame. In the first year only 1007 pieces were created. Since the Camaro celebrated its 20th anniversary in 1987, the new convertibles were considered anniversary models and received a plaque with the engraving "20th Anniversary Commemorative Edition" on the dashboard.
In model year 1988, the Camaro program was tightened heavily; the bad selling LT and the regular Z28 accounted for. This left only the base coupe and the IROC-Z; The latter received due to the elimination of the base Z28 a stripped down equipment (so the previously standard five-spoke 16-inch aluminum wheels were now available at extra cost - series were now the old 15-inch five-spoke steel wheels of the former Z28, which is also the basis -Coupé received). The spoilers and aprons of the former Z28 were now in the basic model series. All 1988 model year engines were injectors - the TBI five-liter V8 engine was given a central intake manifold injection, the 2.8-liter V6 engine, the five-liter engine and the 5.7-liter engine remained unchanged.
In the model year 1989, the model name RS (not used since 1980) returned to the Camaro program. The RS now served as a new base model, which resembled the former Z28 outwardly, but had the standard 2.8-liter V6 engine (the TBI five-liter engine was available at extra cost).
The IROC-Z was with the 170 hp TBI five-liter engine with central intake manifold injection, as a 215 hp TPI five-liter engine and a 5.7-liter engine with TPI and 235 hp. The latter was available on request (only with 700R4 automatic) with new Doppelkat and 240 hp.
1990 was with 35,048 copies a new low of the series, which was not least due to the fact that the revised Camaro was introduced quite early.
1990 was also the last year for the IROC-Z. Chevrolet had not renewed the contract with the IROC racing series; for that, Chrysler jumped in with the Dodge Daytona . For the first time there was a driver airbag in the Camaro / Firebird . The displacement of the 2.8-liter V6 engine was increased to 3.1 liters. Also new was the crescent-shaped dashboard that existed in the Camaro only from 1990 to 1992.
Mid 1990 debuted the Camaro '91. All models received a facelift with a spoiler / sill package for the RS and the Z28 - the IROC-Z did not exist anymore. The Z28 had a higher rear spoiler and hood on the hood. For the first time the special package B4C was offered for police, government and military authorities - a RS with engine and chassis of the Z28. Nearly 600 copies could be sold.
The model year 1992 was the last for the third generation Camaro. Chevrolet had planned for the 25th Birthday a special model with the aluminum cylinder heads of the Corvette, sports exhaust manifold and six-speed gearbox, but then came on the market, was limited to a model with special trim and emblems. The Camaro with the B4C package received special brakes and suspension parts, making it one of the best Camaro of the third generation. Nearly 500 B4C model year 1992 were sold. The B4C package was also available later on the successor model.
The introduction of the fourth generation took place in early 1993.
Technical Data for 5.0 305 ci
Top speed: 137 mph (219 km/h)
0—60 mph (0—95 km/h): 6.5 sec
Engine type: V8
Displacement: 305 ci (4,998 cc)
Transmission: 5-speed manual
Max power: 235 bhp (175 kw) @ 4,400 rpm
Max torque: 300 1b ft (406 Nm) @ 3,200 rpm
Weight: 3,105 1b (1,411 kg)
Economy: 13.8 mpg (4.9 km/l)
- 1982-1986: 2.5 liter R4 (151 cui), Iron Duke
- 1982-1984: 2.8 liter V6 (173 cui), LC1
- 1985-1989: 2.8 liter V6 (173 cui), LB8
- 1990-1992: 3.1 liter V6 (191 cui), 60 ° Gen II
- 1982-1983: 5.0 liter V8 (305 cui), LU5 small block
- 1982-1987: 5.0 liter V8 (305 cui), LG4 Small Block
- 1983-1986: 5.0 liter V8 (305 cui), L69 small block
- 1988-1992: 5.0 liter V8 (305 cui), LO3 Small Block
- 1985-1992: 5.0 liter V8 (305 cui), LB9 Small Block
- 1987-1992: 5.7 liter V8 (350 cui), L98 small block