Toleman motorsport team
From Witney, Oxfordshire , UK
Toleman Motorsport was a British motorsport team that was mainly engaged in Formula 2 and Formula 1 .
Toleman Motorsport was founded by Ted and Robert Toleman. The Toleman brothers were heirs of a transport company established in 1926, which transported new passenger cars from the factory to the dealers on behalf of Ford UK . From the 1970s, Ted and Robert Toleman engaged as drivers in the automobile sport; in the British Formula Ford 2000 both competed against each other. Robert Toleman died in 1976 after a racing accident at the Snetterton Motor Racing Circuit , two years later, Ted Toleman crashed during training for the 24 Hours of Le Mans , where he used a private Osella hard. After the accident Ted Toleman finished his active racing career. Toleman won with a self-constructed vehicle in 1980, the Formula 2 European Championship. The following year, the team debuted together with the British engine manufacturer Hart in Formula 1. Until 1985 , Toleman participated in 70 Grand Prix, reaching 26 championship points, three podium finishes and a pole position . In 1984 , the later triple world champion Ayrton Senna debuted with Toleman in Formula 1. From 1986, the team changed several times the owner and the name. It is forerunner of the teams Benetton and Renault ; Between 2010 and 2015 , it was engaged under the name Lotus F1 Team in Formula 1.
Toleman in Formula 1
Toleman Motorsport first appeared in Formula One in 1981 . Ted Toleman had already realized in 1980 that the naturally aspirated engines previously used in Formula 1 were inferior to the younger turbo engines. So unlike other small teams like Osella, RAM or Theodore , Toleman consistently looked for a turbo engine for Formula 1 entry . Initially, the team had sought a turbo engine from Lancia ; however, these attempts failed early. Instead, Ted Toleman and his team manager Alex Hawkridge opted for a continuation of the alliance with Brian Hart, who had already undertaken the first development work for a turbo engine in 1979. Toleman funded from autumn 1980, the further development of the Hart 415T designated engine, whose prototype was subjected to a first test on December 9, 1980 in a modified Toleman chassis.
Toleman's first year in Formula One was a succession of failures. The team debuted with Derek Warwick and Brian Henton in the fourth race of the season, the San Marino Grand Prix , which was also the first European race of the year. In twelve World Championship races, in which Toleman participated this year, the drivers failed eleven times in the qualification. Henton could only qualify for the Italian Grand Prix , which he finished in 10th; Warwick only entered the Grand Prix of Las Vegas in October 1981, but dropped out. The lack of success of the team are in the literature mostly attributed to the fact that Toleman with a completely new turbo engine and the Pirelli Tires whose use was also an innovation was overwhelmed.
The second year of the team showed an improvement in competitiveness towards the middle of the season; the reliability of the Toleman-Hart was still a weak point of the package.
The technical problems known from the previous year were experiencing financial difficulties. After both drivers had missed the qualification at the second race of the season, the previous main sponsor Candy withdrew. Toleman skipped the two North American races in the spring of 1982; the reason for this was stated as transportation problems. The team took the time to fundamentally revise the emergency vehicle. The vehicle is now called TG181C was "much more competitive" and allowed the riders from the summer of 1982 almost regularly race participation, pointing beyond the potential at peak performance. At the Grand Prix of Great BritainWarwick was in second position for several laps before valve damage forced him to give up. At Zandvoort , Warwick set the fastest lap of the race with the TG181C. However, it was not possible to derive countable results as the cars were still very unreliable. There were only three finish arrivals throughout the season.
Only in the second half of the Formula 1 1983 season, the Toleman team managed to position its riders in the points. Warwick came in fourth in the last four races of the year and finished fifth and sixth in each case once, his team-mate Bruno Giacomelli was once sixth.
1984 became Toleman's best year. The team reached 16 World Championship points and finished in the final score 7th place in the Constructors' Championship. This year, Ayrton Senna made his Formula 1 debut at Toleman. An outstanding race was the rainy Grand Prix of Monaco , in which Senna fought a duel with Stefan Bellof and made attempts to overtake the leader Alain Prost . Before it came to a duel with Prost, race director Jackie Ickx broke off the race due to bad weather conditions prematurely. Senna finished second behind Prost. Most observers believed that Senna would have taken the lead from Prost a few laps later.
Although Senna had a contract valid until 1986 with Toleman, he received after this race an offer from Lotus team principal Peter Warr for the 1985 season. Senna's father bought him a few months later from the Toleman contract free to switch to the then top Team to enable. Toleman did not let Senna start at the Italian Grand Prix . In his place was Stefan Johansson , who took over the car of the previously injured Johnny Cecotto from the following race .
In 1985 the team struggled to find a tire supplier and could only start when the Spirit team left Formula One after the third race of the season (San Marino Grand Prix). Toleman took over the Pirelli tires and was able to finish the season. At the end of the year, the team was taken over by the main sponsor Benetton , who then founded his own team: Benetton Formula . In 2000, this team was again bought by Renault and renamed for the 2002 season in Renault F1 .
The Toleman TG184 is a Formula 1 racing car developed by Rory Byrne and John Gentry was driven by Ayrton Senna , Johnny Cecotto , Stefan Johansson and Pierluigi Martini . The TG184 competed in twelve races , scoring three podium finishes by Senna in the Monaco rain race , in which he put pressure on lead Alain Prost with much faster lap times in his only sixth race , but the race was abandoned when he was still seven seconds behind. The team finished seventh in the constructors' championship.
The TG184 was powered by a Turbo engine from Hart with the type designation 415T. The 4-cylinder inline engine had a displacement of 1500 cc. The monocoque was made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic .
Toleman in Formula 2
In 1978, Toleman Motorsport appeared for the first time with customer vehicles from Ralt in the Formula 2 European Championship. The team used a designed by Brian Hart 2.0-liter four-cylinder naturally aspirated type Hart 420 , which was based in its fundamentals on the Cosworth BDA engine. In the Formula 2 season 1977 cars won with Hart engines two races, in 1978 there were four victories. 1979 missed Brian Henton in Toleman's Ralt by one point winning the Formula 2 Championship. The following year, Toleman made the switch from customer to manufacturer: Rory Byrne and John Gentrydesigned the Hart engine-engineered Toleman TG280, which dominated the 1980 Formula 2 season. Toleman riders Henton and Derek Warwick were champions and runners-up this year by a clear margin over the competition. In 1981, Team Docking Spitzley continued to use the cars in Formula 2 and received factory support. Other Toleman customers were Plygrange Racing and Austrian Jo Gartner , who had a private team this year.