BMW 02 Series 1602 2002 1502 1802
|1966 to 1977|
|Also called||BMW 1600-2, BMW 1600 TI, BMW 1602 |
BMW 2002, BMW 2002 TI, BMW 2002 tii, BMW 2002 Turbo
|Production||1600-2: 1966–1971 |
1602, 1802: 1971–1975
|Designer||Georg Bertram, Manfred Rennen|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door sedan |
|Platform||BMW New Class, shortened for 02 series|
|Engine||BMW M10 OHC I4 |
1602, 1502: 1573 cc
1802: 1,766 cc
2002: 1,990 cc
|Transmission||4 speed manual|
|Wheelbase||2,500 mm (98.4 in)|
The 1600-2, as the first "02 Series" BMW was designated, was an entry-level BMW, and was smaller, less expensive, and less well-appointed than the four-door sedan on which it was based. The 1600-2 (the "-2" meaning "2-door") made its debut at the Geneva auto show in March 1966 and was sold through 1975, with the designation being simplified to "1602" in 1971. Power output of the M10 was up to 85 hp (63 kW) at 5,700 revolutions per minute with 96 lb·ft (130 N·m) of torque at 3,500 revolutions per minute.Within two years Road & Track was sufficiently impressed by the $2676 (US) 1968 1600 to call it "a great automobile for the price".
A high performance version, the 1600 TI, was introduced in September 1967. With a compression ratio of 9.5:1 and the dual Solex PHH side-draft carburetor system from the 1800 TI, the 1600 TI produced 105 hp (78 kW) at 6,000 revolutions per minute. The 1600 TI was not sold in the United States, as it did not meet their emission standards.
Also introduced in September 1967 was a limited-production cabriolet, which would be produced by Baur from 1967 through 1971. A hatchback 1600 Touring model was introduced in 1971 but was discontinued in 1972.
Helmut Werner Bönsch, BMW's director of product planning, and Alex von Falkenhausen, designer of the M10 engine, each had a two litre engine installed in a 1600-2 for their respective personal use. When they realized they had both made the same modification to their own cars, they prepared a joint proposal to BMW's board to manufacture a two litre version of the 1600-2. At the same time, American importer Max Hoffman was asking BMW for a sporting version of the 02 series that could be sold in the United States.
The 1990 cc engine was made available in 1968 in two states of tune: the base single-carburetor 2002 producing 100 bhp (75 kW; 101 PS) as in the 2000 and the 2000 C and the dual-carburetor high compression 2002 ti producing 120 bhp (89 kW; 122 PS) as in the 2000 TI and the 2000 CS.The 2002 Automatic, with the base engine and an automatic transmission, became available in 1969.
In 1971, the Baur cabriolet was switched from the 1.6 L engine to the 2.0 L engine to become the 2002 cabriolet, the Touring hatchback version of the 02 Series became available with all engine sizes available in the 02 Series at the time, and the 2002 ti was replaced in by the 2002 tii with the fuel injected 130 bhp (97 kW; 132 PS) engine from the 2000 tii. offering a top speed of 185 km/h (115 mph). The 2002ti (touring Internationale) is very rare, even more so than the 2002 turbo, as very few of these cars still survive. The 2002ti was also very successful in racing and Hans Stuck won the Nurburgring 24-hour race in 1970, but the car also won many hill-climbs and rallies. A 2002 tii Touring model was available throughout the run of the tii engine and the Touring body, both of which ended production in 1974.
The 2002 Turbo was launched at the 1973 Frankfurt Motor Show. BMW's, and Europe's, first turbocharged production car, the 2002 Turbo produced 170 hp (127 kW) at 5,800 rpm, with 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) of torque. The 2002 Turbo used the 2002 tii engine with a KKK turbocharger and a compression ratio of 6.9:1 in order to prevent engine knocking. The 2002 Turbo was introduced just before the 1973 oil crisis, and 1,672 Turbos were built.
1502 and 1802
The 1802 was introduced in 1971 and was available with either the original 2-door sedan body or the 3-door Touring hatchback introduced that year. Production of the Touring model continued until 1974, with the 1802 sedan ending production the following year.
The 1502, an economy model with an engine displacement of 1573 cc and a compression ratio of 8.0:1, was introduced in 1975. While the rest of the 02 Series was replaced in 1975 by the first generation of the 3 Series, the 1502 was continued until 1977.
The BMW 2002 is best known for its competitiveness in the Trans Am Series under two liter class, although it saw little success as the class was dominated by Alfa Romeo, Porsche, and Datsun. In the golden age of Trans Am (1966-1972), BMW only garnered two race wins (Bryar and Bridgehampton in 1970).