BMW M73 V12 engine
From 1993 to 2002
The BMW M73 is a 60° V12 SOHC piston engine which replaced the M70 and was produced from 1993-2002.
The BMW M73 is a V12 petrol engine of the car manufacturer BMW and was introduced in 1994 as a successor to the M70 . This was used in the BMW 7 Series , BMW 8 Series and in the Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph .
The engine block consists of an Alusil alloy, the cylinder heads with overhead camshafts made of aluminum . While most BMW engines were converted to four-valve technology at the time, the M73 remained at two valves per cylinder.
New was the vibration damper on the crankshaft, which now bearings from the eight-cylinder M60 were used. Furthermore, knock sensors were used. The springs on the valves had lower friction due to smaller spring constants. For environmental reasons, the exhaust valves were now without sodium filling.
From model year 1999, the 750i was the first to receive an electrically heated catalyst and from then on, while maintaining the same performance as the demanding American LEV and EU3 / D4 legislation.
The performance of the BMW V12 concept became clear when he helped in a six-liter capacity enlarged version in the closed McLaren BMW 1995 for the first major victory as the winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans, and in 1999 the overall victory BMW V12 LMR in the legendary 24 hour race. For racing, the engine power was throttled by Luftmengenbegrenzer to about 580 hp. Without this limit, the X5 Le Mans -Experimentalfahrzeug about 700 hp.
In 2000 there was the M73 as a variant that could be operated with hydrogen, in 750hL .The difference to the pure gasoline version are the hydrogen injection valves in the intake system and a special electronic mixture formation system. In hydrogen mode, the engine then makes 150 kW / 204 hp, which accelerated the 750hL in 9.6 seconds from 0 to 100 km / h and reached a top speed of 226 km / h. On the Nordschleife the 750hL 10 minute limit for a round undercut in operation with hydrogen rather significantly with 9 minutes and 53 seconds. Fifteen 750hL were manufactured in Dingolfing - BMW spoke of "small series" - served as shuttle vehicles at the EXPO 2000 and then completed within the "CleanEnergy World Tour 2001" 150,000 km, which showed the practicality.
Compared with its M70 predecessor, the M73 features increased displacement thanks to increased bore (85mm up from 84mm) and stroke (79mm up from 75mm), and an updated roller-rocker valve-train.While most other engines in the BMW range had switched to DOHC and 4 valves per cylinder, the M73 used SOHC and 2 valves per cylinder.
Some versions of the engine have two separate Bosch Motronic ECUs, while others use a single Siemens ECU.
|M73B54||5,379 cc (328 cu in)||240 kW (320 hp) @ 5000||490 N·m (360 lb·ft) @ 3900||6000||1994|
1994-1998 BMW 7 Series E38 750i/750iL/L7 engine specs.
|Top Speed||155 mph|
|0-60 mph||6.6 secs|
|CO2 Emissions||333 g/km|
|Euro Emissions Standard||3|
|Miles Per Tank||396 miles|
- 1994-1998 E38 750i/750iL/L7
- 1994-1999 E31 850Ci
1999-2002 Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph Engine specification.
|Top Speed||140 mph|
|0-60 mph||7.1 secs|
|Torque||490 Nm, 361 ft-lb|
|CO2 Emissions||405 g/km|
|Euro Emissions Standard||3|
|Miles Per Tank||352 miles|
The M73TU won the "Above 4 L" category of the International Engine of the Year awards for 1999.
- 1998-2001 E38 750i/750iL/L7
- 1999-2002 Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph