Berliet GL Truck
Years of production
1950 to 1977
Diesel: 5 cylinders 7.9 liters
The Berliet GL is a cabin truck presented by Berliet in October 1949 and manufactured until 1977 . In France.
At launch, the GLR 8 ( displacement rounded to 8 liters) which has a diesel engine according to the method Ricardostep Comet III and compressed air brakes, can carry a payload of 7 tons for a total weight (GVW) 13.5 tonnes. The steering with ball screw and nut and the two front hydraulic dampers are new.
The cabin is now all-steel monocoque with integrated headlamps and front bumper curves and front bumpers. The driver's seat is adjusted in height but the heating-defrosting is optional at first. The first models feature hood handles, spherical wing fires and a reduced-height windshield topped with a single wiper.
In 1951 , a variant with the 4 cylinder MDX of 6.32 liters appears. This is the GLC 6 short hood (cover means 5 and MDU-cylinder six levels of 7.9 liters and 120 c on the RL). As on the GLR 8 since October 1950 , the gearbox has five gears. Also in 1951, the GLR 8 is available in a TLR 8 tractor version with a total gross weight of 22.5 tonnes.
In March 1953 , the GLM 10 to the motor 6 MDZ cylinders of 9.5 liters and 150 hp with long hood is the first of a successful line of highway trucks which will continue with the GLM 12 (180 hp to 240 hp ) from 26 tons of PTC to the famous GBH 12 6x4 (240 hp then 260 hp or 282 hp with turbocharger ) with three axles of the 1970s . On the GLM 10, the gearbox is 2x5 gears.
In 1955 , the 200 hp TLM 15 tractor for a 35 tonne PTR is launched. In 1956 , the GLR 8r (flat wheel hubs) succeeded GLR 8b (front hook) and the GLM 10 could benefit from a turbocharger. Unreliable, it is set aside in 1960 until 1973 .
At the beginning of 1957 , the TBO 15 tractor (long and wide bonnet, MDO 6-cylinder engine of 15 liters and 200 hp) is especially designed for exceptional convoys. A few months later, the GBO 15 carrier variant is available in 6x4 (3 axles, 2 drive axles) or 6x6 (3 drive axles) with a simplified construction cabin.
In 1958 , the GLR 8M, which receives fog lamps in the bumper, adopts the engine "Magic" of 150 hp with direct injection with turbulence at the intake according to the license MAN . The process is also mounted on the rest of the range.
Launched in May 1959 , the GBC 8 Gazelle 6x6 5-cylinder off-road model will serve as the base for the GBC 8KT convertible cab called the torpedo to replace the famous and aging GMC CCKW from the Second World War . Equipped with a flex - fuel engine ( petrol or alcohol), the GBC 8KT will be the subject of a major order from the French army already equipped with GBC 8 Gazelle. At the beginning of the 1990s (first deliveries in 1998), the GBC 8KT of the army will be rebuilt in the Renault plant of Limoges and will become GBC 180. The modernization will consist of a change of engine type and the adoption of the closed cabin of the C construction line .
In October 1960 , the hood of the GLR becomes square while the cabin is called M2.
At the beginning of 1961 , it was the launch of the L62 , a 120-hp 4-cylinder, light-duty truck of 11 tons of PTC, of which Berliet presented the L64 four-wheel drive version during the Green Mission in Côte d'Ivoire. Ivory . Indeed, the L62 and L64 follow the tropicalized GLC 6 (improved cooling, reinforced air and diesel filtration , windshield opening, external sun visor, white roof to reflect the sun's rays and roof hatch) on the African tracks . Especially since the two-wheel drive version will be assembled in several African countries where it will be very popular (GL 750 and GL 900).
In February 1963 , the GLR is modernized thanks to the M3 Relaxe cabin. This one, already launched on the models with advanced cabin, has the advantage of having a large curved windshield in one part and a rectilinear inclined plastic dashboard (from 1968).
In fall 1974 , the cabin M4 Relax brings a reported grille, improved sound insulation, two outdoor vents under the windshield, the new projectors (GBH) and external black-matte accessories . The new engine MID 06.20.30 (Berliet direct injection, 6 cylinder, 120 mm of bore , 130 mm stroke or 120x130) of 8.82 liters is available on version 200 hp RL.
With the rear cabin trucks falling out of use in the 1960s, the GLR disappeared in 1977 . The GBH, still in demand in both France and Africa , continued until 1984 under the brand name Renault Véhicules Industriels from April 1980 .
In total, 70,000 copies of the Berliet hood truck were manufactured.
Class: Truck of medium tonnage
Assembly plant :Venissieux
Engine: Diesel: 5 cylinders 7.9 liters
Maximum power: 120 to 282
Transmission: 4x2, 4-speed
Unloaded weight: GVW 13,500 kg
Chassis Bodywork: Semi-advanced unibody cab
- 4 cylinders:
- L62: 11 t - 13.2 t (January 1962 to 1971).
- GLC 6: 11.5 t (March 1951) - 12.5 t (1953) - 14.5 t (1959 to 1974).
- GLR 6: 13.5 t (September 1950).
- 5 cylinders:
- GLC 8: 13.7 t (1956) - 14.5 t (1957 to 1974).
- GLR 8: 13.5 t (October 1949) - 14.5 t - 15.5 t - 17.5 t (until 1975).
- 6 cylinders:
- GLR 10: 19 t (September 1965 to 1974).
- GLM 10: 19 t (4x2) and 26 t (6x4), March 1953 to, 1972.
- GBM 10: October 1952 to January 1957.
- GLM 12: 26 t (1963 to 1974).
- GBH 12: from September 1967.
- GLM 15: 1965 to 1966.
- GBM 15: October 1956 to October 1957.
- GBO 15: from May 1957.
In the cinema [ edit | change the code ]
Throughout the film One Thousand Dollars in the Sun by Henri Verneuil ( Gaumont , 1964), Lino Ventura at the wheel of a Gazelle GBC 8 continues Jean-Paul Belmondo party in TLM. Bernard Blier drives a TBO 15.