ALFA Romeo early race history 1911 to 1915
1911 Alfa 24HP race car
Manufactured by Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili, Milan, Italy In Italian, Alfa is not only the first letter of the Greek alphabet (alpha) but also an abbreviation of Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili, which was established in 1909 by the purchase of Darracq's Societa Italiana Automobili Darracq in Portello, in the Milanese suburbs.
In the 1911 the first Alfa racers were entered for the famous Targa Florio circuit.
The race covered some nine hours of driving. By the 1930s Alfa Romeo held a unique record in this event by six consecutive victories from 1930 to 1935.
Targa Florio bears the name of the founder a member of an influential Sicilian of this race, Vincenzo Florio family who had donated a massive gold shield trophy, the Targa. In 1906 the first race was held on a twisty track 146 km (90 mi) long, with a 1210m (4000ft) altitude difference and 1006 bends. It was a race for standard sports cars. It was won by Alessandro Cagno in an Itala at an average speed of 46.8km/h (29mph). The driver and his changed the tyres, filled up with oil, mechanic did all the work petrol, and water, replaced the plugs, and the like.
The first ALFA was a 24hp model fitted with a 4084 cc engine, a gearbox, and a propeller shaft, and built in 1910.
The 1911 12 hp was inspired by the 24 hp model. The 2414 cc engine had bore and stroke of 80 x 120mm. With its three- speed gearbox it developed 8.8kW (12hp). It was made in three versions fitted with 22 CV, 25 CV, and 28 CV engines. The car's
maximum speed was 90-100km/h (56-62mph). It was produced either in a limousine version or with 'teardrop' coachwork weighing 920kg
(20301b). The sports derivative of the 12 hp took part in the Primo Concorso di Regolarita di Modena event, which was split into five
sections with an overall distance of 1500 km (932 mi). The total number of these cars built between 1910 and 1915 was 330.
In 1915 the factory was bought by industrialist Nicola Romeo and after the First World War the company's name was changed to Alfa Romeo. And enjoyed Grand Prix success.
1914 Alfa Tipo Grand Prix car