Alfa Romeo GTV Spider
|Model years||1995–2005 (GTV) 1995–2006 (Spider)|
|Assembly||Arese, Milan, Italy (Alfa Romeo) San Giorgio Canavese, Turin, Italy (Pininfarina, from 2000)|
|Predecessor||Alfa Romeo Giulia Spider Alfa Romeo Alfetta GT, GTV & GTV6|
|Successor||Alfa Romeo Brera & Spider|
|Body style||2-door coupé 2-door cabriolet|
|Platform||Fiat Tipo 2|
|Engine||1.8 L TS 16V l4 2.0 L TS 16V I4 2.0 L JTS 16V I4 2.0 L V6 12V turbo 3.0 L V6 12V 3.0 L V6 24V 3.2 L V6 24V|
|Transmission||5 and 6-speed manual|
|Wheelbase||2,540 mm (100.0 in)|
|Length||4,285 mm (168.7 in) 4,299 mm (169.3 in) (Phase 3)|
|Width||1,780 mm (70.1 in) 1,776 mm (69.9 in) (Phase 3)|
|Height||1,318 mm (51.9 in) 1,315 mm (51.8 in) (Spider)|
|Curb weight||1,350–1,470 kg (3,000–3,200 lb)|
|Designer(s)||Enrico Fumia (Pininfarina) Centro Stile Alfa Romeo under Walter de Silva (interiors)Pininfarina (Phase 3)|
The Alfa Romeo GTV (Gran Turismo Veloce) (English: Fast Grand Tourer) and Alfa Romeo Spider were two sports cars produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1995 to 2006. It is also known by Alfa Romeo's internal designation 916. The GTV is a 2+2 coupé, and the Spider is a two-seater cabriolet version of the GTV. Around 39,000 Spider and 41,700 GTVs were built from 1993 to 2004.
The GTV's name placed it as the successor to the long-discontinued Alfetta GTV coupé, whereas the Spider was effectively the replacement for the then 30 year-old Giulia Spider. The GTV was available until the launch of the Brera in 2005, while the Spider lasted another year until the launch of its Brera-based successor in 2006.
Alfa Romeo GTV is listed at nr 29 in Jeremy Clarkson's Top 100 Cars from 2001.
Both cars were designed by Enrico Fumia at Pininfarina.The GTV was planned to re-establish the sporty coupe tradition of Alfa Romeo for the 1990s. The design dates back to initial renderings of September 1987 and first clay models to complete 1:1 scale model in July 1988. After Vittorio Ghidella (Fiat CEO) accepted the design, Alfa Romeo Centro Stile under Walter de Silva was responsible for the completion of the detail work and also for the design of the interiors, as Pininfarina's proposal was not accepted The Spider and GTV were based on the then-current Fiat Group platform, called Tipo Due (or Type 2), in this case a heavily modified version with an all new multilink rear suspension. The front suspension and drivetrain was based on the 1992 Alfa Romeo 155 saloon. Chief engineer at that time was Bruno Cena. Drag coefficient was 0.33 for the GTV and 0.38 for the Spider.
It is a typical Italian design, with the Alfa Romeo grille with dual round headlights, recalling the Audi-based Pininfarina Quartz, another design by Enrico Fumia from 1981. It is low-slung, wedge-shaped with a low nose and high kicked up tail. The back of the car is "cut-off" with a "Kamm tail" giving improved aerodynamics. The Spider shares these traits with the GTV except that the rear is rounded. The Spider featured a folding soft-top with five hoop frame, which completely disappears from sight under a flush fitting cover. An electric folding mechanism was fitted as an option.
Details included a one-piece rear lamp/foglamp/indicator strip across the rear of the body, the minor instruments in the centre console angled towards the driver. At its launch, many journalists commented that Alfa had improved overall build quality considerably and that it came very close to equalling its German rivals.
1995, Autocar Magazine: "1995 Car of the Year". 1995, Car Magazine: "Best Designed Car". 1995, Car Magazine: Best Design Detail in production. 1995: "The World's most Beautiful Automobile" award. "Engineer of the Year" for chief Alfa Romeo engineer, Bruno Cena.
The GTV was initially offered with 2.0 TS or 2.0 V6 Turbo, while Spider with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 12V.
The exterior design was finished in July 1988. Production began in late 1993 with four cars, all 3.0 V6 Spiders, assembled at the Alfa Romeo Arese Plant in Milan. In early 1994 the first GTV was produced, with 2.0 Twin Spark engine. The first premiere was then held at the Paris Motor Show in 1994. The GTV and Spider were officially launched at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1995 and sales began the same year.
In 1997 a new engine, a 24-valve 3.0 litre V6, was available for the GTV along with bigger, 305 mm (12.0 in) brakes and red four-pot calipers from Brembo. The console knobs were changed from round central to rectangle ones and to a three-spoke steering wheel. Some versions were upgraded with different front bumper mesh to bring the wind noise down to 74 dBA.
In May 1998 the cars were revamped for the first time (Phase 2), mainly the interior was changed with new center console, painted letters on skirt seals, changed controls and switches arrangement and different instrument cluster. On the exterior main changes included chrome frame around the grille and color-coded side skirts and bumpers. A new engine was introduced, the 144 PS (106 kW; 142 hp) 1.8 Twin Spark, and others were changed: the 2.0 Twin Spark was updated with a modular intake manifold with different length intakes and a different plastic cover. Power output of the 2.0 TS was raised to 155 PS (114 kW; 153 hp). Engines changed engine management units and have a nomenclature of CF2. The dashboard was available in two new colours in addition to the standard black: Red Style and Blue Style, and with it new colour-coded upholstery and carpets. 3.0 24V got a six-speed manual gearbox as standard. The 2.0 V6 TB engine was now also available for the Spider.
2000 engine revamp
In August 2000 saw the revamp of engines to comply with new emission regulations Euro3. New engines were slightly detuned, and have a new identification code: CF3. 3.0 V6 12V was discontinued for the Spider and replaced with 24V Euro3 version from the GTV. 2.0 V6 Turbo and 1.8 T.Spark were discontinued as they did not comply with Euro3 emissions. For M.Y. 2001-2002 only 2 engines are left, 2.0 T.Spark and 3.0 V6 24V, until Phase 3 engine range arrives. Arese Plant was closing and, in October 2000, the production of GTV/Spider was transferred to Pininfarina Plant in San Giorgio Canavese in Turin. GTV/Spider were the last Alfa Romeos made at Arese plant.
In 2003 arrived a new and last revamp (Phase 3), also designed in Pininfarina but not by Enrico Fumia. Main changes are focused on the front with new 147-style grille and different front bumpers with offset numberplate holder. Change in interior was minimal with different center console and upholstery pattern and colours available. Instrument illumination colour was changed from green to red. Main specification change is an ASR traction control, not available for 2.0 TS Base model. New engines were introduced: 165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp) 2.0 JTS with direct petrol injection and 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) 3.2 V6 24V allowing 255 km/h (158 mph) top speed.
In late 2004 production was ended at Pininfarina's plant. Some cars were still available for purchase till 2006.
There were numerous limited edition GTV and Spider available. All can be categorized into 3 groups: Edizione Sportiva GTV 2001, Special Series 2001 and Limited Editions 2002. Almost all have the titanium-like finished center console without the Alfa Romeo script. All Special Series (except for some Gernam-market Edizione Classica) cars have a silver numbered plaque on the side of the center console. All of the cars except for the first have unique version codes. All Spiders have electrically-operated hood. All cars are in Lusso-trim equipment. Total numbers for each limited edition vary from as little as 8 or 10 to 419 or 700.
GTV Cup 2001
The GTV Cup is a limited edition based on the 3.0 V6 version of the Alfa Romeo GTV, inspired by a one-model Alfa GTV Cup race series. It is a genuinely limited edition of only 419 cars, produced in 2001. There were 180 3.0 V6 24V GTV Cups, out of which 155 RHD versions and 239 cars with 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) 2.0 TS were available in LHD only. 3.0 V6 cars were only in red while 2.0 TS cars were mostly silver with few examples in red. Limited edition plaques, that were made of silver, differed for the RHD and LHD versions, having red and black texts accordingly. Differences between standard car and the Cup version are factory standard rear spoiler, front spoiler, side skirts, wheel arch side vents and titanium-like finish 17-inch 'telephone dial' alloys; mechanically it's the same as the regular 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp) V6. Also the interior is different from standard model with leather-material upholstery. 2.0 TS GTV Cups have 4-pot Brembo callipers as have 3.0 V6 GTVs.
Edizione Sportiva GTV 2001
German-market GTV available as a limited edition "Edizione Sportiva".Cars were only available with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V CF3 engines and produced in 2001. GTV Edizione Sportiva differed from the standard car by having black leather upholstery with red stitching, red carpets, front wings from Zender, Blaupunkt radio/navi with 10-CD changer in the boot, electric seats, 17-inch 'teledial' alloys and was available only in Nero Met. Edizione Sportiva was limited to 500 cars, but around 200 were made. This is the only limited edition to have the Alfa Romeo script on the center console and the only edition to lack the unique version code.
GTV Serie Speciale 'Elegant' 2001
GTV 'Elegant' was available in Blu Vela Met. or Nero Met. and had brown leather upholstery, darker than the standard tanned leather; and black carpets. Also there were additional leather strips underneath the door armrest, as have most limited editions. It also has a "Serie Limitata" numbered plaque on the titanium-like finished center console. Available with CF3 engines: 2.0 TS and 3.0 V6 24V.
Edizione Classica Spider 2001
Spider only, 2001 limited edition with either a 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V engine. Sold only in Nero Met. with 17-inch high-gloss 'teledial' alloys and electric hood. Center console with limited edition numbered plaque and without the "Alfa Romeo" script. The interior is light grey upholstery combined with black carpets, although German-market cars appear as regular cars with light grey carpets and regular center console.
Spider Serie Speciale 'Elegant' 2001
Spider, available in Giallo Zoe Met. or Grigio Chiaro Met. with Blue Style dashboard and matching blue leather Momo seats and carpets. Blue electric hood, high-gloss finished 'teledial' alloys and limited edition numbered plaque on the center console. Only 600 cars offered with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V but around 300 were made.
Motus GTV 2002
GTV only, Nero Met. exterior with two-part Zender kit, perforated black upholstery interior with red leather Momo seats, titanium-like finished center console without limited edition plaque, 17-inch alloys. Other combination features Rosso Miro Pearl. exterior and perforated black leather interior. Available with 2.0 TS and Nero Met. also with 3.0 V6 24V.
Lux GTV 2002
Two different GTV editions. Grigio Chiaro Met. exterior and 'tango' leather interior with black carpets. Azzurro Nuvola Pearl. exterior and Black Leather interior. 2.0 TS only.
Edizione Sportiva Spider 2002
Spider Edizione Sportiva was equipped with side skirts and front wings from Zender, available only in Grigio Chiaro Met. with perforated black leather upholstery with red stitching. All limited-edition Spiders had titanium-like finished center consoles, without the "Alfa Romeo" sign and unlike serie speciales didn't have a limited edition plaque. All were offered with 17-inch alloys and electrically folded hood.
Edizione Elegante Spider 2002
Spider Edizione Elegante was available only in Nero Met. and had two-tone leather seats, either black-light grey or black-red with matching side panels upholstery, equipped with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V.
Lux Spider 2002
Three different Spider editions. Blue Lightning Met. exterior and 'tango' leather interior with blue electric hood. Grigio Chiaro Met. exterior and Black-Lys Grey Leather interior with black hood. Rosso Miro Pearl. exterior and Red-Black Leather interior with black hood. 2.0 TS only with Blue Lightning Met. available also with 3.0 V6 24V.
Spider Sport Limited Edition 2002
Spider available only in Nero Met. and Motus-like interior with black carpets, black upholstery and perforated red leather seats, equipped with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V.
Spider Elegant Limited Edition 2002
Spider available only in Grigio Chiaro Met. with two-tone interior: black-tango leather, equipped with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V.
Spider Elegant Limited Edition 2002
Spider available only in Blu Lightning Met. and Lys Grey Leather interior, equipped only with 3.0 V6 24V.
Edizione Nero Spider 2004
Phase 3 Spider only, available from March 2004, limited to 30 cars in Austria with total 150 cars. Black metallic with black/silver cloth interior 2.0 JTS engine.
Spider Edizione 2004
Phase 3 Spider only, available in Rosso Miro Pearl. or Blu Reims Met. only with 2.0 JTS engine. Interior either Red or Blue Cloth or Black Leather. Limited to 350 cars total. Limited to Medio trim.